1-11 of 11 results  for:

  • South/Southeast Asian Art x
  • Prehistoric Art x
Clear all

Article

Joyce C. White

Site in north-east Thailand, c. 50 km east of Udon Thani. Excavations in 1974 and 1975 by Chester Gorman (1938–81) and Pisit Charoenwongsa (b 1938) uncovered a distinctive ceramic tradition, revealed chiefly through artefacts recovered from graves. Ceramics from even the earliest levels exhibit an elegance, sophistication and attention to decorative detail that far exceeds mere utilitarian needs. The funerary wares clearly served as an art medium for this village-based society. Although the ceramics are highly diverse, they share certain decorative treatments that characterize the tradition as a whole, in particular the free-hand application of abstract designs. Representational forms are rare. Many wares of the Early Period (...

Article

Gregory L. Possehl

Ancient site of the Indus or Harappan civilization (c. 2550–2000 bc) near the present flood plain of the Indus River in southern Sind, Pakistan. The group of three low mounds was originally part of a Harappan Mature or Urban Phase settlement c. 5 ha in extent. Chanhu-daro was first excavated by ...

Article

Harappa  

Gregory L. Possehl

Ancient city on the southern bank of the Ravi River, western Punjab, Pakistan, and the type site for the Indus civilization that flourished c. 2500–2000 bc (see also Mohenjo-daro). Harappa is the name of the modern village adjacent to the mounds and is not thought to be of ancient derivation, although the place-name Hariyupiya does occur in the ...

Article

B. B. Lal

Site of an ancient city, once capital of the Kauravas of Mahābhārata epic fame, on the right bank of the Ganga River in Meerut District, Uttar Pradesh, India. Excavation (1950–52) of the ancient mound yielded evidence of five cultural periods. Period I (pre-...

Article

M. K. Dhavalikar

Bronze Age site at a small village of the same name, south-east of Pune, Maharashtra, India. Excavations yielded evidence of human habitation from c. 1700 to c. 900 bc. Initially, the people lived in rectangular houses with low mud walls and thatched roofs, and later (...

Article

Gregory L. Possehl

Site on the south bank of the dry bed of the Ghaggar or Hakra River (anc. Sarasvati) near its confluence with the Drishadvati or Chautang River in Ganganagar District, northern Rajasthan, India. The site contains two occupation levels: a Pre-urban or Sothi settlement (c....

Article

Lothal  

Gregory L. Possehl

Site between the Bhogavo and Sabarmati rivers, near the head of the Gulf of Khambhavat (Cambay), in Gujarat, India. It was discovered in 1954 by Shikarpur Ranganath Rao, who excavated the site for eight seasons (1954–63). It comprises two different, but continuous, occupations: the first belongs to the Harappan Urban Phase (...

Article

Mantai  

John Carswell

Port, occupied from the 2nd millennium bc to c. ad 1000, near modern Mannar in north-west Sri Lanka. Mantai was the port for the inland capital at Anuradhapura and an important link in the maritime network between the Mediterranean, the Indian Ocean and East Asia; during its final phase, it was one of Asia’s most important ...

Article

Gregory L. Possehl

Site of an ancient city on the west bank of the Indus River, about 90 km south-west of Shikarpur, Sind, Pakistan. It was a settlement of the Mature or Urban Phase of the Indus or Harappan civilization (c. 2550–2000 bc) and covers an area of some 100 ha. Mohenjo-daro (Sindhi: ‘mound of the dead men’) is the modern place name; the ancient name of the city is not known. It was first visited by an archaeologist in ...

Article

Quetta  

Gregory L. Possehl

City and surrounding valley in the Baluchistan highlands of Pakistan, close to the border with Afghanistan. Its strategic location in the Quetta–Pishin valley region, which forms a natural route from the plains of the Indus Valley to the lowlands of southern Afghanistan, has made it an important crossroad of cultures and a prosperous settlement from prehistoric times to the present. A complete archaeological survey of the Quetta–Pishin valley region undertaken in the 1950s by ...

Article

Sanghol  

Gregory L. Possehl

Site adjacent to an ancient, now dry, course of the Sutlej River in Ludhiana District, Punjab, India. It is almost entirely covered by a modern village but was subjected to eight seasons of excavations between 1968 and 1985 that revealed a stratified sequence of eight periods. The earliest level (Period I) contained Bronze Age mud structures associated with copper tools, faience bangles and cornelian inlays. The ceramic finds comprised Bara Ware and pottery of Cemetery H type (...