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Article

Sheila S. Blair and Jonathan M. Bloom

American historian of Islamic art. Atıl earned her PhD at the University of Michigan, with a dissertation on an illustrated Ottoman Book of Festivals. In 1970 she was appointed Curator of Islamic Art at the Freer Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, a post that she held for 15 years. An extraordinarily energetic and prolific curator, she organized many notable exhibitions based on the Freer collection as well as traveling exhibitions of Mamluk art, the age of Süleyman the Magnificent, and of the Kuwait collection of Islamic art. Between ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 2 September 1911, in Charlotte (North Carolina); died 12 March 1988, in New York.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, lithographer, screen printer, engraver, collage artist, newspaper cartoonist, illustrator, art theorist. Religious subjects, figure compositions, local figures. Humorous cartoons, frontispieces, stage sets...

Article

American, 19th century, male.

Born 1837, in Philadelphia; died 26 May 1879, in Philadelphia.

Painter, illustrator. Religious subjects, landscapes.

George Frederick Bensell studied painting in Philadelphia for three years with John Lamblin. He sometimes painted landscapes, but concentrated on biblical scenes. Among his biblical paintings are: ...

Article

Annemarie Weyl Carr

German scholar of Byzantine, East Christian and European illuminated manuscripts. He took his degree in 1933 at the University of Hamburg in the heady community of the Warburg Library (later Institute) under the tutelage of Erwin Panofsky and Fritz Saxl. Immigrating with the Warburg staff and library to London in ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1887, in Springfield (Ohio); died 1932.

Painter, lithographer, illustrator. Religious subjects.

Glenn O. Coleman began working as a newspaper illustrator in Indianapolis but moved to New York in 1905, where he studied under Everett Shinn and Robert Henri. He painted scenes of urban poverty which link him to the Ashcan School. During this period he collaborated with Sloan and Bellows, illustrating ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 20 March 1910, in North Plainfield (New Jersey).

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman, print artist, illustrator. Religious subjects, figures, figure compositions, genre scenes, street scenes. Murals, church decoration, religious furnishings.

Harlem Renaissance.

Allan Rohan Crite studied at the School of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, and then at Harvard University Extension School, Cambridge, Massachusetts. During the Depression, he worked for the Federal Arts Project. He lived in Boston since he was one year old. From the early 1940s, Crite set out to paint the life of the black community in Roxbury and South End, Boston. He also created a number of religious works for churches in the 1930s and illustrated religious books. In particular, he published two books of Negro Spirituals with Harvard University Press, ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 12 April 1892, in Chicago; died 1973, in Plains (Illinois).

Painter, watercolourist, collage artist, illustrator.

Art Brut.

Henry J. Darger worked as a handyman at the Catholic mission of the Little Sisters of the Poor, who took him in when his father died, and then in various hospitals in Chicago....

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born in St Louis.

Painter, illustrator. Church decoration.

Thomas Furlong studied at the Art Students' League in New York, of which he later became a member. He produced church decorations.

Kettlewell, James K.: Artists of Lake George, 1776-1976, exhibition catalogue, 1976....

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1961, in Los Angeles.

Painter, draughtswoman. Figures, animals. Artists' books.

Following a serious car accident, Anne Grgich joined a fanatical religious sect in Portland (Oregon) and, later, frequented the punk and drugs sub-culture of San Francisco. She gave up drugs in ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 17 September 1904.

Painter, illustrator. Religious subjects.

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in the Netherlands.

Born 29 September 1850, in Providence; died 2 August 1913, in Marken, the Netherlands.

Painter, watercolourist, illustrator. Religious subjects, genre scenes, landscapes, flowers, figures.

George Hitchcock, son of portrait painter Charles Hitchcock, received a law degree from Harvard University in ...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 31 March 1835, in New York; died 14 November 1910, in Providence (Rhode Island).

Painter, illustrator, watercolourist. Religious subjects, figures, portraits, landscapes, still-lifes, flowers. Murals, designs for stained glass.

Japonisme, Orientalism.

John La Farge was a leading personality in 19th- and early 20th-century American art. His French-born father took part in General Leclerc's expedition to suppress a slave rebellion on the Caribbean island of St-Domingue (present-day Haiti), after which he settled in the USA and married the daughter of a miniaturist. John La Farge's earliest artistic training was from his maternal grandfather, but he subsequently followed a conventional, academic course of study, practising painting and drawing in his spare time, until 1856. With his studies completed, La Farge embarked for Europe where he met Chassériau, Puvis de Chavannes and the Goncourt brothers. He worked for a time in the Paris studio of the painter Thomas Couture, and copied Old Masters in the Louvre and in museums in England, Belgium and Holland. La Farge began training as a lawyer upon his return to the USA, but devoted himself to an artistic career from 1859, when he became a pupil of William Morris Hunt in Newport, Rhode Island. He became fascinated by Japanese art from 1861, and published ...

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born 3 June 1895, in Alpine (New Jersey); died 11 August 1981, in Cresskill (New Jersey).

Painter, stained glass painter, illustrator. Religious subjects. Designs for stained glass, designs for mosaics.

Katherine Stymetz Lamb was married to the painter Frederick Stymetz Lamb. She trained in New York at the National Academy of Design, the Art Students League and the Cooper Union Art School. Katherine travelled to Paris in ...

Article

Mormons  

Paul L. Anderson

Religious sect. Mormonism was founded in 1830 in a farmhouse near Fayette, NY, by Joseph Smith jr (1805–44), who declared that he had been called by God as a modern prophet to restore Christianity in its purity. The name was taken from the ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 23 May 1941, in Washington DC.

Sculptor (wood/stone/bronze), draughtsman, engraver (wood), illustrator.

Martin Puryear studied biology, painting and illustration at the Catholic University of America in Washington DC, then took a degree in Art and Architecture at Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut in ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1949, in Chicago.

Painter, draughtsman, illustrator, lithographer. Religious subjects, musical subjects.

Archie Rand first studied at the Chicago Art Institute and then at the Tamarind Lithography Workshop in Los Angeles. He established his position as a contemporary artist while still a teenager, with his ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 15 July 1898, in Freedom Plains (New York); died 1980.

Painter, illustrator. Religious subjects.

Mead Schaeffer studied under Dean Cornwell. He was a member of the New York Society of Illustrators, and illustrated many books, including Les Misérables by Victor Hugo and ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1912, in Madisonville (Kentucky); died 1985.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, illustrator. Religious subjects, figures, portraits, still-lifes. Stage costumes and sets.

Charles Sebree studied at the Art Institute of Chicago. From 1936 to 1939, he worked in Illinois for the Federal Art Project (the federal government programme set up to help artists during the Depression). He lived on the South Side of Chicago before retiring to Washington DC....

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 9 September 1870, in Hoosick Falls (New York); died 1944.

Painter, illustrator. Religious subjects.

George H. Shorey was a student of Walter Shirlaw, probably in New York, where he too settled. He painted an Ascension for the Trinity Church, Grandwood....

Article

American, 19th–20th century, male.

Active from 1891 in France.

Born 21 June 1859, in Pittsburgh; died 25 May 1937, in Paris.

Painter, illustrator, pastellist, watercolourist, engraver, photographer. Religious subjects, genre scenes, harbour views, landscapes, urban landscapes, seascapes, animals.

Symbolism.

Tanner’s father was the minister of the African Methodist Episcopal Church in Pittsburgh, then in Philadelphia from 1866, and became Superintendent of his Church in 1888. His mother, Sarah Miller, had escaped slavery during her childhood, getting to Pittsburgh through the network called the Underground Railway. She set up a school in her own house for the children of the community. Tanner studied at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts from 1880 to 1882 under Thomas Eakins (Eakins did a portrait of Tanner in 1900). He became an illustrator, notably for ...