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Anne K. Swartz

American painter. Beal studied at the College of William and Mary, Norfolk, VA, before going on to the School of the Art Institute of Chicago and the University of Chicago. In 1965, he began having solo exhibitions at the Allan Frumkin Gallery, later Frumkin/Adams Gallery and then George Adams Gallery, which had venues in New York City and Chicago, continuing to exhibit with them into the 21st century. Like many artists working in the 1960s, he repudiated the abstract, then so current in the art world, and favored instead the kind of “New Realism” being espoused by artists such as ...


Janet Bishop

American painter. Native of the San Francisco Bay Area, known for careful observation and explicit use of snapshot-like photographic source material for paintings of family, cars, and residential neighborhoods. The artist rose to national and international prominence in early 1970s as part of the Photorealist movement (...


American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1946, in New York.


Benefiting from the success of Hyperrealism, Alan Dworkowitz exhibited paintings representing close-ups of motorbikes, executed with photographic precision, in the USA in 1972 and 1973. This subject evokes the canvases of Parrish, but without their wealth of detail. Dworkowitz is mentioned in Udo Kulterman's book on Hyperrealism....


Mark W. Sullivan

American painter and printmaker. Eddy studied at the University of Hawaii in Honolulu (BFA, 1967, MFA, 1969) and came to prominence in the early 1970s as an exponent of Photorealism, producing airbrushed paintings based on photographs of automobiles (e.g. Untitled, 1971; Aachen, Neue Gal.), the displays in shop windows or still-lifes, as in ...


American, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1960, in Wichita Falls (Texas).

Painter. Landscapes.

Tracy Grayson's work has, with some justification, been classified as 'kitsch', thanks to her Realist style and pseudo-innocent rendering of nature's grand spectacles, to which she adds a sense of theatricality. Her pictures are often ambiguous, with a tongue-in-cheek humour that connects her landscapes with the traditional scenery of films celebrating American provincial life....



American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active since 1971 in France.

Born 1948, in Troy (Alabama).

Painter, engraver, assemblage artist. Mythological subjects, portraits, still-lifes.

Nall lives and works in Nice. He realises figurative canvases integrating diverse materials such as glass, seashells, fabric, leather and off-cuts from frames, developing original forms and a rich symbolism....


Canadian First Nations (Inuit), 20th–21st century, female.

Born 1969, in Cape Dorset (Nunavut).

Graphic artist (felt pen, crayon, pencil), printmaker (lithography, stone cut). Contemporary Inuit domestic scenes, social realism.

Active in Cape Dorset from the 1990s, Pootoogook moved to Ottawa after becoming the first indigenous artist to win the prestigious Sobey Art Award in ...


Tom Williams

American painter. He studied film at the Rhode Island School of Design between 1980 and 1982 before attending the School of Visual Arts and receiving a BFA in 1985. His paintings usually display a kind of naturalism that is more characteristic of scientific illustration than modernist painting, but he deploys these artistic conventions in an effort to radically re-imagine the natural world and humanity’s place within it. His work frequently explores the implications of genetic engineering and ecological collapse by presenting “an unofficial version of the future” where civilization has been overtaken by the non-human world. As the son of an archaeologist, he developed a familiarity with scientific ideas early in his life, and his work often displays a great knowledge of biology and natural history. Accordingly, he has also traveled quite widely on naturalist expeditions to regions of the world such as Tasmania and Guyana....


American, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1949, in Los Angeles.

Mixed media collage artist. Murals.

Alexis Smith originally trained to be a French teacher until she began taking art classes and realised what she could do with art. She lives and works in Los Angeles and has taught at the University of Hawaii, the J. Paul Getty Center, the University of California, Los Angeles, and the Carnegie Mellon University. Alexis Smith uses magazine covers, newspapers, billboards, book jackets and a range of kitsch and found objects to create collages using 'easy' images with which people are familiar, to make the viewer think about society's ills, like consumerism and the objectification of women, with irony and wit. Quotations from a range of authors (including Walt Whitman, Jack Kerouac, Raymond, Chandler, Francis Scott Fitzgerald, Gertrude Stein, John Dos Passos) and scientists ('imagination is more important than knowledge', Einstein) are often incorporated in her work. Images of women appear frequently as in ...


Native American (Diné/Navajo), 20th–21st century, female.

Born 1966, in Ganado (Arizona).

Printmaker, sculptor, painter.

Political and social realism, abstraction, post-colonial themes.

Melanie Yazzie uses a variety of media including photography, sculpture, print, and paint to create personal, autobiographical and socio-political works. Using her Diné heritage as a source of inspiration, her practice draws attention to many key issues facing indigenous peoples. Themes have included issues of racism, misogyny, identity problems, poverty and abuse. Later works have concentrated more on personal issues and storytelling and touch on traditional, contemporary and imagined themes, including depictions of ceremonial life and ritual. Yazzie often collaborates with artists from other indigenous nations in order to raise further awareness and create shared experience through art practice....