American painter, printmaker, art historian, writer and teacher. His appointment to the art faculty of the University of California, Los Angeles, in 1942 was interrupted by military service, and it was not until 1946 that he resumed his career as a teacher of the practice and theory of art. This took him to the universities of Kentucky (Lexington), Florida (Gainesville) and finally New Mexico (Albuquerque), where he served as Dean (...
American, 20th – 21st century, female.
Active in France since 1969.
Born 1946, in Cleveland (Ohio).
Painter, draughtswoman, engraver.
Dana Briggs studied the theory and practice of fine art at the University of Massachusetts (Amherst) between 1965 and 1969. She has participated in collective exhibitions in Paris, including the Salon des Artistes Indépendants (...
American, 20th century, male.
Born 18 July 1921, in Cambridge (Massachusetts).
Painter, engraver, art theorist.
Calvin Burnett studied at the Massachusetts College of Art in Boston. His work is an indictment of capitalist corruption, as in I've Been in Some Big Towns, 1942, well served by a style which highlights the bleakness of poverty. Oppression is palpable in his dark portraits assailed by shadows in compositions based on the superimpositions of angles. He has also written a book on drawing: ...
Native American (Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes of the Flathead Nation), 20th–21st century, male.
Born 1946, in Montana.
Printmaker, photographer, conceptual artist, installation artist.
Corwin Clairmont, or ‘Corky’, received his MFA from California State University, Los Angeles in 1971. His early work, concerning social and environmental issues, earned him a Ford Foundation Grant (...
American, 20th century, male.
Born 7 June 1931, in Eatonton (Georgia).
Painter, draughtsman (including ink), collage artist, print artist, sculptor, collector, art historian. Religious subjects, figures, portraits, figure compositions, scenes with figures, landscapes. Designs for stained glass.
David C. Driskell earned a BFA at Howard University in ...
American, 19th – 20th century, male.
Born 9 November 1872, in Cincinnati (Ohio); died 1961.
Painter, draughtsman, lithographer, art theorist. Figures, landscapes, winter landscapes.
Edward Eisenlohr was a pupil of Gustav Schönleber at the Karlsruhe Academy of Fine Arts. He then became a teacher in America. He was also a lecturer, art theorist and writer of several works: ...
American, 20th century, male.
Born 1909, in Baltimore; died 1993.
Painter, draughtsman, print artist, illustrator, art historian, writer. Figures, portraits, genre scenes, scenes with figures, landscapes. Comic strips.
Elton Clay Fax studied at Clafin University, Orangeburg, South Carolina, and Syracuse University, Syracuse, New York. He was taught by Augusta Savage....
Native American (Okanagan), 20th–21st century, male.
Born 1953, in Omak, Washington.
Printmaker, muralist, sculptor, mixed-media artist. Collage, glass.
Born in 1953, Joe Feddersen is an Okanagan member of the Colville Confederated Tribes, and a Native American artist. He earned his BFA at the University of Washington (...
American, 20th – 21st century, male.
Born 1948, in Ohio.
Painter, lithographer, art historian.
Michael D. Harris studied at Howard University, Washington DC, before earning a PhD from Yale University. He is a member of the group AfriCobra (African Commune of Bad Relevant Artists), which promotes an art in the service and for the advancement of the Afro-American community. He began teaching at the University of North Carolina in ...
Native American (Cheyenne and Arapaho), 20th–21st century, male.
Born 22 November, 1954, in Wichita (Kansas).
Painter, draughtsman, sculptor, printmaker, installation artist, conceptual artist, educator.
Edgar Heap of Birds is one of the most distinguished North American indigenous artists of his generation. His works reveal a distinctly critical and historical awareness of the ways that American Indian peoples, their histories and their viewpoints have been ignored and written over under colonialism. He has received numerous honours, presenting his work in competition for the United States Pavilion at the 52nd Venice Biennale (...
Anne K. Swartz
American painter and printmaker. Kushner received a BA in visual arts with honors from the University of California at San Diego, La Jolla. There he met critic and art historian Amy Goldin, a visiting professor, and artist Kim MacConnel, a graduate student. Goldin taught Kushner and MacConnel about Islamic art and decoration, among many other topics. She encouraged them to examine decoration and Islamic art, among other sources to transgress the boundaries of what was art in their own work....
Native American (Wintu-Nomtipom/Tenai), 20th–21st century, male.
Born 5 October 1937, in San Francisco.
Artist, poet, writer, traditional dancer.
Frank LaPena, of the Wintu-Nomtipom/Tenai of Northern California, is a key figure, along with a number of other important Native artists working in California during the 1970s, in what has been termed a ‘Renaissance’ in California Indian arts. Many of LaPena’s artworks engage directly with his awareness of California Indian experience and memory. He has used Mount Shasta significantly as a source of inspiration. As was usual for his generation, he attended a federal Indian boarding school (in Stewart, Nevada) and experienced its harsh assimilationist doctrines. He began to be interested in the arts during high school and this developed further during his undergraduate years at California State University, Chico. Later earning a teaching credential at San Francisco State University and a Masters of Arts degree at CSU, Sacramento, he would eventually teach at the latter as Professor of Art and Ethnic Studies. He has said that he learnt more from his California Indian elders than anything presented to him in the state education system. Now retired, he continues to hold leadership roles in the arts both locally and nationally....
American, 20th century, female.
Born 27 February 1924, in New Orleans.
Painter, draughtswoman, watercolourist, print artist (including linocuts), sculptor, art historian. Figures, portraits, genre scenes, landscapes.
Samella Lewis studied with Elizabeth Catlett at Dillard University, New Orleans, and Hampton Institute, Hampton, Virginia. In 1951 she obtained her doctorate from Ohio State University, Columbus, the first African-American woman to receive her doctorate in art history and fine art. In ...
Native American (Seneca and Tuscarora), 20th–21st century, male.
Born 1942, in Oshweken (Ontario).
Artist, educator, writer, curator.
George Longfish is a distinguished and internationally respected artist whose works often blend humour with a note of irony to draw attention to the problems of representation and stereotypic formulations found in many images and beliefs concerning American Indians. This is shown most effectively in the work ...
Native American (Crow), 20th–21st century, female.
Born 1981, in Billings (Montana).
3D, collage and installation artist, photographer, printmaker.
Wendy Red Star, member of the Crow Nation and niece of noted Crow painter Kevin Red Star, works in a variety of media to produce multi-layered artworks which point to complexities in indigenous North American experience today. Drawing particularly on her years growing up near to the Crow Indian Reservation in Northern Montana, in collages such as ...
Margaret Moore Booker
Founded in 1871 by a small group of artists in New York City, the Salmagundi Club is one of the oldest professional art clubs in America. The Salmagundi Club began as a sketch class that met in the Broadway studio of sculptor Jonathan Scott Hartley (...
Native American (Tlingit), 20th century, male.
Born 1947, in Juneau (Alaska); died 1992.
Sculptor (carver), painter, printmaker.
James Schoppert, a Tlingit artist from Alaska, received his BFA in printmaking from the University of Anchorage (1978) and his MFA in sculpture from the University of Washington (...
Native American (Muscogee Creek and Seminole), 20th–21st century, female.
Born 1951, in Wewoka (Oklahoma).
Sculptor, installation artist.
C. Maxx Stevens was born in Oklahoma but raised in Wichita, Kansas. Her training began in the 1970s when she gained an Associate of Arts degree from Haskell Indian Junior College in ...
Culture of images and visuality that creates meaning in our world today. This includes media forms such as photography, film, television, and digital media; art media such as painting, drawing, prints, and installations; architecture and design; comic books and graphic novels; fashion design, and other visual forms including the look of urban life itself. It also encompasses such social realms as art, news, popular culture, advertising and consumerism, politics, law, religion, and science and medicine. The term visual culture also refers to the interdisciplinary academic field of study that aims to study and understand the role that images and visuality play in our society; how images, gazes, and looks make meaning socially, culturally, and politically; how images are integrated with other media; and how visuality shapes power, meaning, and identity in contemporary global culture....