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Article

Wolfgang Holler

Italian painter and etcher, active also in Germany, England and Spain. He was a pioneer of the Venetian Rococo, and his peripatetic career fostered the development of an international decorative style. His oeuvre includes decorative frescoes for churches and palaces, history and mythological paintings and a few etchings. Many of his works were reproduced in prints, and these served as models for tapestries and for the decoration of clocks, wardrobes and porcelain....

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German painter, teacher, draughtsman and printmaker. His frescoes and altarpieces and his teaching established him as the dominant figure in the art life of Augsburg in the earlier 18th century. He came from a family of well-known Swabian sculptors, cabinetmakers and painters, with whom he probably initially trained. The Bavarian Duke ...

Article

L. Fornari Schianchi

Italian stuccoist, printmaker, painter and collector. Before studying anything else he learned stucco decoration from his father Pietro Luigi (d 1754), who worked in Germany from 1743 until his death. Stucco work always remained Bossi’s main activity, alongside that of printmaking, especially etching. His experiments in the latter field followed in the tradition of the great Venetian printmakers. He was encouraged by Charles-François Hutin, who was in Dresden from ...

Article

Alastair Laing

French painter, draughtsman and etcher. Arguably it was he, more than any other artist, who set his stamp on both the fine arts and the decorative arts of the 18th century. Facilitated by the extraordinary proliferation of engravings, Boucher successfully fed the demand for imitable imagery at a time when most of Europe sought to follow what was done at the French court and in Paris. He did so both as a prolific painter and draughtsman (he claimed to have produced some 10,000 drawings during his career) and through engravings after his works, the commercial potential of which he seems to have been one of the first artists to exploit. He reinvented the genre of the pastoral, creating an imagery of shepherds and shepherdesses as sentimental lovers that was taken up in every medium, from porcelain to toile de Jouy, and that still survives in a debased form. At the same time, his manner of painting introduced the virtuosity and freedom of the sketch into the finished work, promoting painterliness as an end in itself. This approach dominated French painting until the emergence of Neo-classicism, when criticism was heaped on Boucher and his followers. His work never wholly escaped this condemnation, even after the taste for French 18th-century art started to revive in the second half of the 19th century. In his own day, the fact that he worked for both collectors and the market, while retaining the prestige of a history painter, had been both Boucher’s strength and a cause of his decline....

Article

James Yorke

English engraver, draughtsman and drawing-master. In 1748 his premises faced Old Slaughter’s Coffee House in St Martin’s Lane, London, a favourite meeting-place for adherents of the new Rococo style. His earliest known satirical print, the Cricket Players of Europe, is dated 1741.

In 1751 he issued ...

Article

Cathrin Klingsöhr-Leroy

French painter, pastellist and engraver. He lived in Paris from 1760 and from 1762 kept a list of his works. Among the portraits he completed in his early years were those in pastel of the well-known connoisseurs Pierre-Jean Mariette, the Comte de Caylus and Ange-Laurent de la Live de July...

Article

Elisabeth Herrmann-Fichtenau

Austrian painter, draughtsman and printmaker. He studied landscape painting with his father, Adam Pankraz Ferg (1651–1729), and with Josef Orient (1677–1747) and staffage painting with Johann (Hans) Graf (1653–1710). He also studied the engravings of Jacques Callot and Sébastien Leclerc (i). His early works show such subjects as harbours, markets and villages as wide vistas with many figures, trees and buildings, for example ...

Article

John Wilson

Italian painter, printmaker and draughtsman. He was one of the most prolific and well-known followers of Sebastiano Ricci, with whom he had his earliest training, and particularly of Giambattista Tiepolo. By the end of the 1720s he had studied in Rome (where he is documented in ...

Article

Anne Pastori Zumbach

Swiss painter and engraver. He was a member of a family of artists and jewellers in Geneva. At an early age he showed a pronounced talent for art, but as there was no school of drawing in Geneva, he moved to Germany. At Kassel, Baron von ...

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Marianne Roland Michel

French draughtsman, printmaker and painter. He was the son of an embroiderer and painter of ornaments, who doubtless trained him before he entered the Paris studio of Jean-Baptiste Corneille about 1690; there he learnt to paint and etch. In 1710 he was approved (agréé...

Article

Moravian painter and engraver, active in southern Germany. After studies at a Jesuit school, from 1726–7 he was apprenticed in Brünn [Brno] to Franz Gregor Ignaz Eckstein, whose frescoes transmitted to him some of the ideas of Annibale Carracci, Giovanni Lanfranco and Andrea Pozzo. In ...

Article

Wolfgang Holler

German painter and etcher. He completed his apprenticeship in Murnau with Simon Bernhardt and subsequently worked under the leading south German painter Cosmas Damian Asam from 1723 to 1728. In 1730 Günther moved to Augsburg, and a year later, after marrying the widow of the fresco painter ...

Article

Ebba Krull

German draughtsman, engraver and sculptor. After an apprenticeship as a sculptor and a journey to Italy in 1746, he obtained rights of citizenship and the right to practise as a sculptor in Augsburg by marrying Maria Catharina Wörle, widow of the miniature painter. He was president of the guild of sculptors and painters from ...

Article

German painter and engraver. He received his training as a painter from his father, the Prussian court painter David Matthieu (1697–1755), and his stepmother and aunt, the painter Anna Rosina Lisiewska (?1713/16–83). He apparently travelled outside Germany and is known to have gone to Stralsund with the painter Philipp Hackert in ...

Article

Freya Probst

German engraver and designer. He is regarded as one of the most important 18th-century German engravers. His father, Johann Christoph Meil, who died young, had been court sculptor in Altenburg. His stepfather, also a sculptor, directed Meil towards a career in science. At the university of Leipzig, however, Meil trained as an engraver and attended lectures on art history, art theory and philosophy. In ...

Article

Flemish, 18th century, male.

Born 1714, in Comblain-au-Pont; died 19 December 1791, in Paris.

Sculptor, engraver, architect.

Flemish School.

Jean François de Neufforge was a pupil of Blondel and Babel. He first worked in the Rococo manner. He published several architectural books for which he engraved the plates....

Article

Alisa Luxenberg

French painter, printmaker, draughtsman and administrator. Although he painted a number of rustic genre scenes and was an occasional designer of vases and picture frames, he was principally active as a painter of large-scale history and religious works. In this aspect of his output he forms a link in the 18th-century tradition of French history painting that runs from Jean Jouvenet to the Neo-classicism of Jacques-Louis David....

Article

French painter, draughtsman and engraver, active in Portugal. He received, reportedly from the age of 11, an annual pension from the Abbé de Fleury, tutor to Louis XV. He may already have started work by this time in the Paris studio of Watteau, copying his master’s drawings and perhaps also painting portions of his canvases. Given Watteau’s temperamental instability, it seems unlikely that he stayed there long. Quillard produced a fair number of ...

Article

A.-G. Wahlberg

Swedish architect, designer, draughtsman and engraver. In 1733 he began his architectural training at the Fortifikation in Stockholm and in 1739 received his commission as military draughtsman. From 1735 he was also a student at the Kungliga Akademi för de Fria Konsterna, founded in that year. In ...

Article

Swiss watercolourist, draughtsman, etcher and illustrator. His father was the landscape painter and engraver Johann Ulrich Schellenburg (1709–95), and his maternal grandfather was the painter Johann-Rudolf Huber. In 1748 the family returned to Winterthur, where Schellenburg attended his father’s art school. From 1763 to 1764...