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Kirk Ambrose

Lithuanian art historian, scholar of folklore and Egyptology, and diplomat of Russian birth. Son of the celebrated Lithuanian Symbolist poet of the same name, Jurgis Baltrušaitis II studied under Henri(-Joseph) Focillon at the Sorbonne and earned the PhD in 1931. The concerns of his mentor are evident in ...

Article

Polish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1866, in Lubaczów; died 1924, in Cracow.

Painter, draughtsman, illustrator, decorative artist, ceramicist, sculptor, designer. Portraits, genre scenes, landscapes. Furniture.

Symbolism, Art Nouveau.

Debicki studied at the Akademie der bildenden Künste in Vienna from 1881 to 1884, then in Munich, Paris, Lemberg (now Lviv, Ukraine) and Cracow. He first settled in Lemberg and began teaching in ...

Article

Julius Kaplan

Belgian painter, illustrator, sculptor, designer, photographer and writer. He was one of the foremost Symbolist artists and active supporters of avant-garde art in late 19th-century Belgium. His wealthy family lived in Bruges from 1859 to 1864, moved to Brussels in 1865, where Khnopff remained until his death, and spent their summers at a country home in Fosset, in the Ardennes. Fosset inspired numerous landscapes that owe a strong debt to Barbizon-style realism (see ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 23 February 1927, in Damelevières (Meurthe-et-Moselle).

Painter, sculptor, illustrator, draughtsman, writer. Interiors with figures, still-lifes, urban landscapes. Murals.

Symbolism.

Initially a teacher, then an advisory counsellor, Marchal moved to Paris, where he attended the Académie de la Grande-Chaumière and received guidance from Ossip Zadkine. He settled in Arras and then in Castres. He was a member of several societies and groups of the Commission Nationale d'Étude de la Pédagogie du Dessin. He was the author of a ...

Article

Belgian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 30 August 1866, in Ghent; died 1941, in Laethem-St-Martin.

Sculptor, draughtsman, engraver, illustrator. Figures. Groups, busts.

Symbolism.

Laethem-St-Martin Group (First School).

Georges Minne's father was anxious that his son follow in his footsteps and, as a result, Minne started out studying architecture at the academy in Ghent. He abandoned his architectural studies at the age of 18, however, opting instead to sculpt and engrave. He studied under Jean-Joseph Delvin and Théodore Joseph Canneel at the academy in Ghent. He spent time in Paris in 1891 and was confirmed in his early endeavours by his friends, the Belgian Symbolist poets Emile Verhaeren and Maurice Maeterlinck, and the Flemish poet Georges Rodenbach. He was invited by the ...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1870; died 1927.

Painter, sculptor, illustrator.

Jugendstil, Symbolism.

Sascha Schneider was a close friend of the writer Karl May, many of whose works he had illustrated. He represented figures in an extreme academic style and his many male nudes derive from the symbolism of the Jugendstil. He was also responsible for the interior design in the hall of the book market (Buchhandlerhaus) in Leipzig....

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 16 July 1924, in Rheims.

Painter, watercolourist, lithographer, sculptor, illustrator. Designs for tapestries, designs for stained glass.

Symbolism.

Luc Simon was born into the Simon family, who were masters of stained glass in Rheims for ten generations. He studied at the École des Arts Décoratifs in Paris. He spent some time in Tunisia and travelled across Africa in the steps of Arthur Rimbaud. In ...

Article

Italian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 11 April 1855, in Palermo; died 20 December 1926, in Rome.

Sculptor, painter, illustrator. Monuments.

Symbolism.

Ettore Ximenes was a student at the Accademia di Belle Arti in Palermo, and then a pupil of Domenico Morelli in Naples. He continued his training in Florence before settling in Rome. He rapidly acquired a reputation as a specialist in official monuments, winning commissions in Italy, France, Russia and the USA....