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Article

Swedish, 19th century, female.

Born 8 March 1808, on the island of Oland; died 23 March 1862, in Stockholm.

Painter, copyist. Flowers, animals.

Sofia Adlersparre began her studies with the sculptor Zvarnstrom and the painter Robert Wilhelm Ekman. She continued in Paris with Leon Cogniet in ...

Article

Austrian, 20th century, male.

Born 10 March 1871, in Waidhofen-am-Ybbs; died 19 May 1956, in Vienna.

Painter, sculptor, engraver, illustrator. Genre scenes. Toys.

Art Nouveau.

Secession group.

Andri studied under Julius Berger and Edouard Lichtenfels at the Venice Academy, then, from 1892, under Claus Meyer at Karlsruhe Academy, before returning to settle in Venice. In ...

Article

Mark Jones

French medallist, engraver and illustrator. He was first apprenticed to the medallist André Lavau (d 1808) and then attended the Académie de Peinture et de Sculpture in Bordeaux. In 1786 he travelled to Paris and entered the workshop of Nicolas-Marie Gatteaux. His first great success was a large, realistic and highly detailed medal representing the ...

Article

Philip Ward-Jackson

English sculptor, silversmith and illustrator. He was the son of a chaser and attended the Royal Academy Schools, London. At first he gave his attention equally to silverwork and to sculpture, exhibiting at the Royal Academy from 1851. An early bronze, St Michael and the Serpent...

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 13 December 1780, in Paris; died 3 August 1855.

Painter.

Louis Arsenne tried his hand at various painting genres but enjoyed more success as an author and publisher. Among his books is his Painter and Sculptor's Handbook ( Manuel du peintre et du sculpteur...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born January 1851, in Paris; died 1938.

Painter, sculptor, illustrator. Religious subjects, portraits, genre scenes.

Orientalism.

Albert Aublet was a pupil of Claudius Jacquand and Gérôme. Very early on, he was drawn to the East, first visiting Constantinople (now Istanbul) in ...

Article

Kirk Ambrose

Lithuanian art historian, scholar of folklore and Egyptology, and diplomat of Russian birth. Son of the celebrated Lithuanian Symbolist poet of the same name, Jurgis Baltrušaitis II studied under Henri(-Joseph) Focillon at the Sorbonne and earned the PhD in 1931. The concerns of his mentor are evident in ...

Article

Spanish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 19th century, in Bermeo.

Painter, copyist. Interiors with figures, landscapes, still-lifes.

Son of a wood sculptor, Benito Barrueta-Astensia was taught by Antonio Maria Lecuona. He was later taught by Marceliano Santamaria at the Escuela de Artes y Oficios Artísicos (school of arts and crafts) in Madrid and at the same time worked as a copyist at the Prado. In ...

Article

British, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 4 April 1872, in London; died 10 July 1953, in London.

Sculptor, copyist. Architectural monuments.

Gilbert Bayes was the son of Albert Walter Bayes and the brother of Jessie and Walter Bayes. He exhibited two wax work models at the Royal Academy in ...

Article

British, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 14 April 1863, in London; died 27 November 1933, in London.

Painter, sculptor, engraver, illustrator. Figure compositions, religious subjects, mythological subjects, landscapes.

Robert Anning Bell was the pupil of Aimé Morot in Paris and of Sir George Frampton in London. He taught at University College, Liverpool (...

Article

American, 19th century, female.

Born 1865, in Waterloo (New York).

Painter, sculptor, illustrator.

Jean Beman was a pupil of Walter Satterlee and Irving Wiles in New York.

Article

Spanish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 8 September 1862, in Valencia; died 9 November 1947, in Madrid.

Painter, watercolourist, sculptor, draughtsman, illustrator. Genre scenes. Murals.

Mariano Benlliure y Gil was the son of Juan Antonio Benlliure and Angèle Gil. He started painting when still young, mainly during visits to Italy and Paris. His first teachers were his father and his elder brother José, but he also worked with Francisco Domingo Marqués, whom he met in Paris, and Manuel Dominguez at his Madrid studio....

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 30 January 1782, in Bordeaux; died 21 February 1863, in Paris.

Painter (including gouache), engraver, lithographer, illustrator. Historical subjects, mythological subjects, genre scenes, architectural interiors. Wall decorations, low reliefs.

Studied initially in Bordeaux under Pierre Lacour the Elder, then became a pupil of Vincent and David. He exhibited on a regular basis at Salons between ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 28 April 1868, in Lille; died 16 April 1941, in Paris.

Painter (gouache), watercolourist, sculptor, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, nudes, portraits, genre scenes, still-lifes, landscapes, urban landscapes. Designs for tapestries.

Symbolism.

School of Pont-Aven.

Émile Bernard plays a singular role in the history of painting in the late-19th century. As demonstrated by the important retrospective of his work mounted by the Fondation Mona Bismarck in Paris in 1991, he was the often-overlooked originator of a number of highly innovative movements (Cloisonnism, Synthetism, even Symbolism), whose paternity he claimed with vehemence in his writings, before he turned his back on them all with equal forcefulness later in life. He moved to the western Paris suburb of Asnières with his family in 1881, and showed an early interest in painting, studying at the Atelier Cormon from the age of 16. Here he met his mentor, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, and subsequently Van Gogh. Expelled from the studio in 1886 for insubordination and lack of discipline, he travelled to Normandy and Brittany, where he encountered Gauguin and his followers from the Pont-Aven School. In the same year, he painted the ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 17 January 1866, in Vienne; died 7 January 1931, in Boulogne-sur-Seine.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, watercolourist, illustrator. Figures. Monuments.

The son of a stonemason employed on the restoration of monuments in the Rhône valley, Joseph Antoine Bernard accompanied his father from the age of 12, learning the art of direct stone-carving which he was subequently to practice throughout his life. He studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Lyons, and under Pierre Jules Cavelier at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris for a six-month period in ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Active in the USA.

Born 15 March 1883, in Stuttgart; died 29 May 1972, in New York.

Painter, sculptor, graphic designer, poster artist, illustrator, architect, designer, decorative artist. Designs for carpets, advertising art, furniture, lamps, wallpaper.

Jugendstil.

Deutscher Werkbund.

Lucian Bernhard studied painting at the Kunstakademie in Munich, but taught himself design. He was active in Berlin. In ...

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 21 February 1839, in St-Colombe-les-Bois (Nièvre); died 5 September 1898, in Rossillon (Ain).

Sculptor, painter, illustrator. Portraits, genre scenes, landscapes, animals.

Grandson of Jean Pierre Xavier Bidauld or Bidault (the spelling was changed in 1860), Henri Bidault studied painting and sculpture in Paris, then in Rome, where he stayed for two years. Returning at first to Paris, he finally settled in Rossillon in ...

Article

Elizabeth F. Bennett

Chinese calligrapher, minor painter and seal-carver. He passed the civil service examination to become a jinshi in 1789. He then had a series of official posts, serving on the Board of Justice, as an examiner and as a prefectural magistrate first at Huizhou in Guangdong Province and then at Yangzhou in Jiangsu Province. Yi is generally recognized as a leading figure in the stele studies (...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 14 May 1864, in Chicago.

Painter, illustrator, sculptor. Genre scenes.

Joseph Pierre Birren studied in Paris with Benjamin Constant, Gustave Courtois and Jean Falguière. He was a member of the Palette and Chisel Club, and was its President in ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 25 November 1868, in Bordeaux; died 27 June 1947, in Paris.

Sculptor, illustrator. Statues, busts, medals.

Having chosen an artistic career, Léon Blanchot left university to train as a sculptor at the École des Beaux-Arts in Bordeaux, then went to Paris and settled there. He regularly took part in the Salon des Artistes Français, and became a member of this society. His main works are ...