Astrology is the art of predicting events on earth as well as human character and disposition from the movements of the planets and fixed stars. Medieval astrology encompassed both general concepts of celestial influence, and the technical art of making predictions with horoscopes, symbolic maps of the heavens at particular moments and places constructed from astronomical information. The scientific foundations of the art were developed in ancient Greece, largely lost in early medieval Europe and recovered by the Latin West from Arabic sources in the 12th and 13th centuries. Late medieval astrological images were successfully Christianized and were adapted to particular contexts, acquired local meanings and changed over time....
Elizabeth F. Bennett
Chinese calligrapher, minor painter and seal-carver. He passed the civil service examination to become a jinshi in 1789. He then had a series of official posts, serving on the Board of Justice, as an examiner and as a prefectural magistrate first at Huizhou in Guangdong Province and then at Yangzhou in Jiangsu Province. Yi is generally recognized as a leading figure in the stele studies (...
Rebecca W. Corrie
In the 20th century, discussion of the relationship between Byzantine art and the art of the Latin West evolved in tandem with scholarship on Byzantine art itself. Identified as the religious imagery and visual and material culture of the Greek Orthodox Empire based at Constantinople between ...
French, 20th century, female.
Active in France since 1970.
Born 19 January 1931, in Lebanon.
Painter, draughtsman, illustrator, sculptor. Figures, landscapes.
Huguette Caland started painting while living in the Lebanon, where she was taught by the Italian painter Maneti; she completed her formal university education in Beirut and has lived and worked in Paris since around ...
Japanese seal-carver and calligrapher. The Ikenaga were a powerful provincial family in Odawara, Sagami Province (now Kanagawa Prefect.). In 1593 they moved to Edo, where they ran a pharmacy as well as being the head family of their residential district. Dōun was adopted into the Ikenaga family and became its fifth-generation head. He enjoyed learning from an early age and studied with ...
French, 20th – 21st century, male.
Born 2 October 1951, in Hanoi.
Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, sculptor (including bronze), engraver, poet. Artists' books.
Born in North Vietnam, Albert Dupont came to France at an early age. He began to practise engraving and worked on collector's editions ...
Chinese painter, calligrapher, seal-carver, collector and poet. The son of a minor official in charge of local education, Gao developed an interest in poetry, painting and seal-carving in his early youth, when he also began to collect old seals and inkstones. The great poet Wang Shizhen took a liking to him and left instructions before his death that Gao be admitted into the ranks of his disciples. A relative of the poet, ...
Japanese potter, calligrapher and medallist. At an early age he taught himself seal-carving and calligraphy, for which he won a prize in 1904; soon after he became a commercial calligrapher and medallist. In 1915 he had his first experience of decorating pottery at a kiln in the district of Hokuriku. In ...
Japanese calligrapher and seal-carver. He was probably the most important Japanese master of Karayō (Chinese-style) calligraphy in the early 18th century. The son of a physician from Totomi Province (now in Shizuoka Prefect.), Kōtaku went to Edo as a youth to receive a Confucian education. He studied the Chinese classics with Sakai Zenken (...
French and Ivorian, 20th century, female.
Born in Hué, Vietnam.
Sculptor (marble/bronze/wood), installation artist, designer. Artists’ books.
Born of a Vietnamese mother and a French father, Dominique Le Houelleur holds a passion for Africa and lives and works in the Ivory Coast. A self-taught artist, she sought guidence from the Italian sculptor Giorgio Angeli in Querceta where she also met the Japanese sculptor Isamu Noguchi. In ...
Filipino, 20th century, male.
Active settled and naturalised in the USA from 1930.
Born 2 August 1916, in Manila; died 1990, in East Hampton (New York).
Painter, collage artist, assemblage artist, engraver, draughtsman, sculptor, illustrator, mixed media.
Alfonso Ossorio spent his childhood in Great Britain and in ...
Chinese Zen monk, seal-carver, calligrapher, poet and Musician, active in Japan. He left his family at the age of seven and entered the Buddhist order, first training in Jiangxi Province and eventually in Hangzhou. In 1677 he emigrated to Japan, at the invitation of the monk Chin’i Dōryō of Kōfukuji, an Obaku-sect Zen temple in Nagasaki. He took up missionary work but found himself at odds with Ōbaku monks and for a short time was held in temple confinement. In ...
Elizabeth F. Bennett
Chinese calligrapher and seal-carver. He is generally recognized as the founder of the stele studies (beixue) movement, which sought inspiration from the stelae of the Northern Wei period (
Elizabeth Horton Sharf
Chinese Ōbaku Zen monk, calligrapher, poet, seal-carver and medical expert, active in Japan. Dokuryū was one of many learned men from south-east China to emigrate to Japan during the political turmoil following the collapse of the Ming dynasty in 1644. He arrived in Nagasaki in ...
Indian, 20th century, male.
Born 21 June 1928, in Simla.
Painter, draughtsman, sculptor.
After time spent as a political agitator, an author of children’s books and a journalist, Swaminathan dedicated himself to drawing and painting, studying first of all at the Delhi Polytechnic, and then, in ...
Korean sculptor, calligrapher and priest. He was prominent during the reign of Queen Sŏndŏk (reg 632–46) of Silla. According to the 13th-century Samguk yusa (‘Memorabilia of the Three Kingdoms’) he was proficient in many arts. Three pieces of his work survive from the site of Yŏngmyo Temple, Kyŏngju, North Kyŏngsang Province: a Buddhist trinity, figures of guardians and tiles of halls and of a pagoda. Other works attributed to him include the eight guardian generals at the base of the pagoda at Sach’ŏnwang Temple, Kyŏngju, a Buddhist trinity and the ...
Iranian, 20th century, male.
Active in France since 1961.
Born 1937, in Tehran.
Painter, sculptor, potter, illustrator. Designs for tapestries, murals.
Hossein Zenderoudi studied at the school of fine arts in Tehran, and a scholarship enabled him to visit Yugoslavia. He lives and works in Paris....
Elizabeth F. Bennett
Chinese calligrapher, seal-carver, painter and scholar . After his example, it became common for artists to attempt to be competent in painting, calligraphy and seal-carving rather than to specialize in a single discipline. Zhao was one of the greatest artists of the late Qing period (...