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Article

Lebanese, 20th century, male.

Active in France.

Born 12 August 1943, in Beirut.

Engraver, painter, illustrator.

Assadour Bezdikian left Lebanon at the age of 18; he studied at the Pietro Vannucci academy in Perugia during the summer months of 1962, 1963 and 1964, then from 1964 to 1970...

Article

Dutch, 20th century, female.

Active in France.

Born 12 August 1904, in Batavia, now Jakarta; died January 1971.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman, engraver, illustrator.

Christine Boumeester came to Holland from her native Dutch East Indies in 1921. She studied drawing and composition and graduated from The Hague in ...

Article

Tadashi Kobayashi

Japanese print designer and book illustrator . He may have been a pupil of the ukiyoe (‘pictures of the floating world’) artist Ishikawa Yukimoto. He is principally known for prints of the following types: hosōban (‘narrow format’, c. 320×150 mm); yakushae (‘pictures of actors’) and bijinga...

Article

Filipino, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1942, in Malabon, Manila, Philippines.

Painter, printmaker, illustrator. Figures, portraits.

Baguio Arts Guild.

Bencab started drawing at the age of seven and was influenced by his older brother Salvador, an artist. He later studied at the University of the Philippines College of Fine Arts and worked for several publications as an illustrator and layout artist. In ...

Article

Choki  

Japanese, 18th – 19th century, male.

Active 1760-1800.

Painter, print artist. Portraits, genre scenes.

Choki was active in Edo (Tokyo) from 1773 to 1811. He was a pupil of Toriyama Sekien and illustrated his master’s books. His portraits, especially of women, are distinguished by the elegance of their drawing and their rich, harmonious colouring. An ukiyo-e artist, he could render a snowfall or a sultry, starlit night with equal lyricism: the influence of Sharaku and Haronubu, among others, can be discerned in his work. He is particularly famous for his portraits of beautiful women in bust form, a new genre in about ...

Article

Dutch, 19th – 20th century, female.

Born in Sukabumi, Indonesia.

Engraver, illustrator, lithographer.

A lithographer and etcher known for her illustrations of children's books and her posters, Rie Cramer also made theatrical costumes for the theatre directed by Edouard Verkade, whom she married.

Article

Donald A. Rosenthal

French painter, illustrator and writer. His early training was as a theatrical scene painter and a designer of lithographic illustrations. In Bordeaux he studied with Pierre Lacour (ii) (1778–1859) and worked with Thomas Olivier (1772–1839), chief scene designer at the Grand-Théâtre. He subsequently studied in Paris in the studio of the landscape and history painter ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1 May 1916, in Hanoi, Vietnam; died 1988.

Painter, engraver (wood/copper), illustrator. Murals, designs for mosaics, stage costumes and sets, posters, comic strips, decorative designs, medals, postage stamps.

After studying at the school of fine arts in Hanoi in 1935...

Article

Chinese, 20th century, male.

Active in the USA from 1980.

Born 7 October 1939, in Shanxi.

Painter, draughtsman, screen printer, illustrator. Figures, scenes with figures, landscapes, landscapes with figures, flowers. Postage stamps, murals.

Ding Shaoguang studied at the Central Academy of Fine Arts in Beijing in ...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 2 October 1951, in Hanoi.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, sculptor (including bronze), engraver, poet. Artists' books.

Lettrism.

Born in North Vietnam, Albert Dupont came to France at an early age. He began to practise engraving and worked on collector's editions ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Active in Paris in the 20th century.

Born 1896, in Java (Indonesia).

Painter, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator.

Theodore van Elsen exhibited at the Salon des Humoristes.

Article

Dutch, 20th century, male.

Born 3 November 1893, in Kraksaan (Indonesia); died 13 May 1945, in Scharsterburg.

Draughtsman, engraver (including wood), illustrator.

Bernard Essers was born on the island of Java, then a Dutch colony; he died in The Netherlands. He studied in Amsterdam and at the Royal College of Art in London. He took part in group exhibitions, including regular appearances at the Venice Biennale between ...

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born 1909, in Gumma Prefecture; died 1935.

Painter, print artist, illustrator.

Fujimaki Yoshio’s work was published in 1931in the print artists’ magazine Kitsutsuki. In 1931 and 1932, he took part in events at the Japan Print Association. In 1935, he began a series of illustrations for a book on the Sumidagawa, the river that crosses Tokyo, but he died before completing them. His early style swung between expressionism and cubism and later evolved into a form of abstraction....

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born 1898, in Shin Hotta (Niigata); died 1979.

Painter, print artist, illustrator.

Acting on the recommendation of the mayor of Niigata, Fukiya Koji went to study under the painter Otake in Tokyo at the age of 14. Between 1916 and 1919...

Article

Gyokuso  

Japanese, 19th century, male.

Activec.1830.

Painter, engraver, illustrator.

Gyokuso was an illustrator from Osaka.

Article

Tadashi Kobayashi

Japanese printmaker, book illustrator and painter. A central figure in the development of ukiyoe (‘pictures of the floating world’) woodblock printmaking during the mid-Edo (1600–1868) period (see Japan, §X, 3, (iii)), Harunobu’s most important contribution was the introduction of the first ...

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1918.

Born 9 December 1891, in Yokohama; died 13 December 1980, in Paris.

Painter (gouache), watercolourist, engraver, illustrator. Landscapes with figures, still-lifes, flowers.

After graduating from Meiji University in Tokyo, Hasegawa Kiyoshi studied oil painting with Okada Saburosuke and Fujishima Takeji. In ...

Article

Japanese, 19th century, male.

Activec.1848-1867.

Born in Osaka.

Master engraver, illustrator. Prints.

Munehiro Hasegawa produced ukiyo-e (pic­tures of the ‘floating world’, the world of pleasure).

Article

Masato Naitō

Japanese printmaker and book illustrator. He initially studied painting with Kanō Yōsen (1735–1808), the head of the Kobikichō branch of the Kanō school and okaeshi (official painter) to the Tokugawa shogunate. Together with Teisai Hokuba (1771–1844), Hokkei was one of Katsushika Hokusai...

Article

Hokusai  

Japanese, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born September 1760, in Honjo Wari-Gesui, now Tokyo; died 1849.

Painter, print artist, illustrator, draughtsman. Figures, portraits, landscapes, seascapes.

While Hiroshige (1797-1858) is unanimously admired both in Japan and in the West, no Japanese artist has ever been so admired in the West and been regarded as so controversial in Japan as Hokusai. ‘The old man mad with painting’, to whom Edmond de Goncourt would pay so touching a tribute, left behind a corpus so monumental and so varied that wittingly or unwittingly no artist of his time would remain untouched by it, and his originality was so marked as to be intimidating, even offputting. Until he arrived, the Japanese print had concentrated on the female figure and portraits of actors, and had reached its peak at the end of the 18th century. With Hokusai, it found new life in a new field: landscape. ‘I was born at the age of 50,’ he would say, hinting at the long years when, rather like a pilgrim, he nurtured and refined his art until, as the 18th century drew to a close, it was ready to burst forth....