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Jack Quinan

American architect and writer. Benjamin was one of the most influential architect–writers of the first half of the 19th century in the USA and was trained as a housewright in rural Connecticut between 1787 and 1794. Two of his earliest commissions, the carving of Ionic capitals (...


John Martin Robinson

English architect. He started as a bricklayer in Westminster, London, before progressing to architecture. He was among the more idiosyncratic of English Neo-classical architects and one of the pioneers in designing model farm buildings and cottages in the age of agricultural improvement. A fine group of farm buildings by him of ...


Jonathan D. Katz

That Harriet Hosmer, Edmonia Lewis and Emma Stebbins are not better known today has less to do with their lesbianism than changing artistic fashions. Neo-Classical sculptors all, they forged a progressive community in Rome in the mid-19th century and became among the foremost sculptors of their day. Given their gender and the fact that Lewis was of Native and African American heritage, this was no small feat, but it testifies to a governing paradox in the writing of any queer history of premodern American art: that queerness was actually less marked, which is to say less segregated, policed and discussed then than it is in our ostensibly more progressive times. Neither exceptional nor shut out, queer artists before the closing decades of the 19th century rarely found sexuality a barrier to either social or commercial success....