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Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 28 November 1907, in Charlotte (North Carolina); died 27 April 1977, in New York.

Painter, sculptor, illustrator, lithographer. Murals.

Groups: Spiral, 306.

Charles Alston moved to New York with his mother in 1914, after his father died. Alston received his BA and MA (...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 13 November 1930, in Madison (Georgia).

Painter, collage artist, installation artist, sculptor, photographer, illustrator, draughtsman, watercolourist, print artist. Figures, portraits, interiors with figures, landscapes, animals.

African-American artist Benny Andrews served in the USA Air Force during the Korean War. He studied at the Art Institute of Chicago, graduating with a BFA in ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 2 February 1914, in Washington (North Carolina), 1919, according to some sources; died 1977.

Sculptor, print artist, ceramicist, illustrator.

William E. Artis studied at the University of Syracuse, New York, New York State University and the Art Students League, New York. He was also a student of Augusta Savage at the Harlem Community Art Center, New York. Artis expressed his humanist ideals by depicting impassive faces in a purified style, combining African and classical sculpture....

Article

American, 21st century, female.

Born 1981, in San Francisco.

Painter, sculptor, printmaker, musician. Artists’ books.

After graduating from Stanford University in 2003, Tauba Auerbach worked as a sign painter in San Francisco, an influence reflected in many of her early works. This interest in the visual aspects of language and text manifested itself in an important series of calligraphic drawings and artists’ books. Her most notable body of work may be the ‘fold’ paintings, in which canvas supports are physically folded and creased, then spread out and spray painted from various angles, and with multiple colours; the canvases are then stretched totally flat, so that fold patterns exist only as painted remnants of the surfaces’ former topography. She has further explored the boundaries and visual relationships between two- and three-dimensionality in her group of pop-up books, and in a number of books made by photographing cross-sections of a solid surface, such as a block of marble or wood, as it is gradually sanded down....

Article

Irma B. Jaffe

American sculptor, illustrator and printmaker. Baskin studied at the New York University School of Architecture and Allied Arts (1939–41), the School of Fine Art (1941–3) and New School for Social Research (1949). He also studied at the Académie de la Grande Chaumière in Paris (...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1881, in Magdeburg (Saxony-Anhalt), Germany; died 1971.

Painter, engraver (wood), sculptor, illustrator. Landscapes, genre scenes. Marionettes.

Japonisme.

Provincetown Artists' Colony.

At the age of 10, Gustave Baumann emigrated to Chicago with his family. In 1898, he worked for an engraver and took evening classes at the Art Institute. He opened an advertising studio in ...

Article

American, 19th century, female.

Born 1865, in Waterloo (New York).

Painter, sculptor, illustrator.

Jean Beman was a pupil of Walter Satterlee and Irving Wiles in New York.

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 13 April 1924, in Gastonia (North Carolina); died February 2001.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, print artist, illustrator. Figures, scenes with figures. Murals.

John Biggers studied at the Hampton Institute, Hampton, Virginia. From 1943 to 1945, he served in the US navy. After the war, he studied under Viktor Lowenfeld at Pennsylvania State University, first earning a BS, and then an MS in ...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 14 May 1864, in Chicago.

Painter, illustrator, sculptor. Genre scenes.

Joseph Pierre Birren studied in Paris with Benjamin Constant, Gustave Courtois and Jean Falguière. He was a member of the Palette and Chisel Club, and was its President in ...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 25 March 1867, in Bear Lake or Ovid (Idaho), to Danish parents; died 6 March 1941, in Chicago.

Sculptor, painter, illustrator, decorative designer. Figures, portraits, historical subjects.

Gutzon Borglum, brother of Solon Borglum, was born to a Mormon father with two wives, and he lost contact with his mother when his father left the religion and decided to conform to society's norms for marriage by abandoning her. Borglum studied at St Mary's Academy, Kansas City, in ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1888, in Polk (Wisconsin).

Painter, sculptor, engraver, illustrator.

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born 1870, in Germantown (Pennsylvania); died 1952, in Scarsdale (New York).

Painter, sculptor, illustrator.

Anna Brewster was initially the pupil of her father, the landscape painter, William Trost Richards. In 1888 she began studying at the Cowles Art School in Boston under Dennis Bunker and later studied in New York with John LaFarge and William Merritt Chase. During the 1890s and early 1900s she lived in Europe, principally in England and Paris, where she studied with Benjamin Constant and Jean-Paul Laurens. After she married in ...

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born 1 November 1917, in St Rose (Louisiana).

Sculptor (bronze), engraver, painter, illustrator, watercolourist, writer. Figures, portraits, genre scenes.

Margaret T.G. Burroughs studied at the Art Institute of Chicago and Illinois State University. In 1961, Burroughs and her husband founded the Ebony Museum of Negro History and Art at their home in Chicago. The museum remains under Burroughs' directorship, but was later renamed the DuSable Museum of African American History. In ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Also active in France.

Born 22 July 1898, in Philadelphia; died 11 November 1976, in New York.

Painter, sculptor, engraver, lithographer, illustrator. Animals. Designs for tapestries.

Kinetic Art.

Alexander Sandy Calder’s paternal grandfather, Alexander Milne Calder, and father, Alexander Stirling Calder, were both sculptors, his father more classically trained. His mother, Nanette Lederer, was a painter. The family moved frequently and lived by turn in Arizona, California, upstate New York, San Francisco, and then in New York City. In 1915, Calder began studying engineering at the Stevens Institute of Technology at Hoboken, New Jersey. In 1918, he was drafted into the navy and, in 1919, graduated and got his first job working in engineering. From 1920 to 1923 he lived a colourful existence working on a newspaper in St Louis, signing up as a sailor on a cargo vessel, and later working as an accountant for a timber company. He did, however, find some time to draw, attended evening classes when he could, and began to paint. Between 1923 and 1926, he settled in New York, working as a civil engineer and studying drawing and painting at the Art Students League. He also produced sport-related drawings (mainly of boxers) for the ...

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Active in France.

Born 26 June 1939, in Philadelphia.

Sculptor, painter, print artist, illustrator, writer.

Barbara Chase-Riboud received her BFA from Temple University, Philadelphia, and her MFA from Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut. She also studied in Rome. She has lived and worked in Paris since ...

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born 16 October 1880, in Elyria (Ohio).

Painter, sculptor, illustrator.

Frances Christine Bassett Comstock studied at the Art Institute of Chicago.

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active also active in France.

Born 1957, in Concord (New Hampshire), United States.

Painter, sculptor, collage artist, pastellist, draughtsman, engraver, screen printer, illustrator. Stage sets.

Neo-Expressionism, Citationism.

George Condo is an American artist who lived in Paris before moving to New York in the early 1980s. There, he met Andy Warhol, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat, and Keith Haring, and he worked with Beat Generation authors William S. Burroughs and Allen Ginsberg. In 1999 he received an award from the American Academy of Arts and Letters....

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Active also active in France.

Born 20 April 1892, in New York.

Sculptor, illustrator. Busts.

Caresse Crosby studied under Paul Landowski and Antoine Bourdelle. She married the poet Harry Crosby. After moving to Paris she exhibited at the Salon d'Automne, where she organised exhibitions of works by American artists....

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 29 July 1915, in Chicago.

Painter, sculptor, illustrator.

Faith Howard Davis studied at Sarah Lawrence College; she exhibited with the Albright Art Gallery between 1939 and 1946.

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 26 August 1860, in Ashland (Ohio); died 1942.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, illustrator. Figures, portraits, local scenes, landscapes with figures. Murals.

Edwin Willard Deming studied under Boulanger and Lefebvre in Paris before settling in New York. In 1887 he started painting the native Indians and animals of the west. He visited several native Indian tribes, executing numerous portraits. He was also a writer. In ...