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Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 19 February 1946, in Washington DC.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, engraver, photographer, video artist, glassmaker, decorative designer. Theatre design.

AfriCobra Group.

Akili Ron Anderson attended the Corcoran School of Art and Howard University in Washington DC where he lives and works. He is a member of AfriCobra (African Commune of Bad Relevant Artists) founded in ...

Article

Marco Livingstone

American sculptor and painter . He studied art in 1949–50 under Amédée Ozenfant in New York. During the 1950s he designed and made furniture in New York, but after a fire that destroyed most of the contents of his shop in 1958 he turned again to art, initially painting abstract pictures derived from memories of the New Mexican landscape....

Article

Hugh Davies

American sculptor and furniture designer of Italian birth. After settling in the USA in 1930, he studied at the Society of Arts and Crafts, Detroit (1936), and the Cranbrook Academy of Art in Bloomfield Hills, MI (1937–9), where he taught metalworking and produced abstract silver jewellery and colour monoprints. In ...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 25 March 1867, in Bear Lake or Ovid (Idaho), to Danish parents; died 6 March 1941, in Chicago.

Sculptor, painter, illustrator, decorative designer. Figures, portraits, historical subjects.

Gutzon Borglum, brother of Solon Borglum, was born to a Mormon father with two wives, and he lost contact with his mother when his father left the religion and decided to conform to society's norms for marriage by abandoning her. Borglum studied at St Mary's Academy, Kansas City, in ...

Article

American, 19th century, male.

Born 9 January 1869, in Beverly (Massachusetts).

Painter, sculptor, decorative designer. Seascapes.

C. Emerson Brown was a pupil of William Adams.

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born 11 September 1897, in Cambridge (Massachusetts).

Sculptor, decorative designer. Statues, monuments.

Jane Davenport studied under Alexander (Sandy) Calder and Antoine Bourdelle. She was a member of the Art Students League in New York. She built a monument for the American University Union in Paris and a statue for the Carnegie Foundation in Washington....

Article

Cecile Johnson

American sculptor and draughtswoman. She had no formal art education but from an early age enjoyed making useful domestic furniture, such as shelves and cupboards. After moving to live and work in New York in 1952, she became involved in the arts in various ways, taking classes in leatherwork and pottery and, through her job at the Henry Street Settlement, coming into contact with dance and theatre. In the 1960s she attended performances and Happenings at the Judson Gallery and Judson Church and herself performed in two of Claes Oldenburg’s Happenings (...

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born 1878, in Pennsylvania; died 1943.

Painter, sculptor, decorative designer.

Elizabeth French was known mainly for her decoration of churches.

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 28 October 1888, in Omaha; died 29 July 1960, in New York.

Sculptor, decorative designer. Groups, monuments, theatre decoration.

Charles Hafner made numerous group sculptures, many as decorations for theatres. He is best known for a statue of Peter Pan...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1910, in Philadelphia; died 1975.

Painter, sculptor, decorative designer. Stage sets.

Gabriel Kohn's father was an engraver, and he studied under him before being admitted at the Cooper Union in 1929 to study sculpture with Gaetano Cecere. He went on to learn modelling at the Institute of Design, while working for New York sculptors in the early 1930s. From ...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born c. 1864, in Denmark; died 17 January 1916, in Chicago.

Sculptor, decorative designer.

Carl Lorensen executed the friezes in relief at the Royal Castle in Bucharest.

Chicago (Field Mus. of Natural History)

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born 1944.

Sculptor, furniture designer.

Judy McKie produces artistic furniture.

Atkins, Robert: ArtSpeak: A Guide to Contemporary Ideas, Movements, and Buzzwords, Abbeville Press, New York, 1990.

Article

Geoffrey R. Edwards

Australian sculptor and designer, active in the USA. He studied aeronautical engineering and later industrial design at the Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology, but left without finishing the course. From 1949 to 1953 he worked as an industrial designer, specializing in furniture. Marketed widely in Australia during these years, his furniture was distinguished by its simplicity. It was constructed with plain, undisguised materials such as steel rods, timber laminates, and cord; his tables, chairs, and shelving systems exercised a delight in linear and open structure that conveyed an impression of virtual weightlessness....

Article

Deborah Cullen

The Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) was founded in 1929 by patrons Lillie P(lummer) Bliss, Cornelius J. Sullivan and Rockefeller family, §1 to establish an institution devoted to modern art. Over the next ten years the Museum moved three times and in 1939 settled in the Early Modern style building (...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 22 March 1884, in Atchison (Kansas); died 1941, in Los Angeles.

Painter, sculptor, decorative designer.

Peggy Martin Nichols, a pupil of Cecilia Beaux and W.M. Chase, worked in Los Angeles and was also an architect.

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1904, in Los Angeles; died 30 December 1988, in Long Island (New York).

Sculptor, decorative designer.

Isamu Noguchi was the son of Yone Noguchi, a poet and professor of English at the Keio University, Tokyo, and Leonie Gilmore, an American novelist of Scottish origin. He went to school in Yokohama and was already an apprenticed cabinet-maker when he left for the USA in 1918. There he was taught by Gutzon Borglum, the eccentric sculptor of the giant heads of Mount Rushmore, who had engaged him as a tutor for his son. He studied medicine from 1922 to 1924. In 1924 he became a pupil of Onorio Ruotolo, who was then director of the Leonardo da Vinci Art School, and then attended courses at the East Side Art School. He was awarded a scholarship by the Guggenheim Foundation that enabled him to study in Paris from 1927 to 1928; there he met and received advice from Brancusi, Calder and Giacometti (who was then in his Surrealist period). He returned to New York, and then spent a long time in Beijing, where he learnt traditional calligraphy, and in Japan, where he worked with a Kyoto potter. In 1933 he went to London. After the war Noguchi visited Japan many times, and in 1983 in Long Island City he set up a foundation that bears his name....

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 23 February 1865, in San Francisco; died 1953, in San Francisco.

Painter, sculptor. Wall decorations.

Bruce Porter studied in France and Britain. He was decorated with the Légion d'Honneur.

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 24 April 1880, in Coban, Guatemala, or 1882 according to some sources; died 7 March 1942, in New York, in Britain and from 1915 in the USA.

Painter, caricaturist, illustrator, sculptor. Wall decorations, marionettes.

Tony Sarg moved to London at the age of 23. He worked as an illustrator in an advertising agency and contributed work to magazines and newspapers. From ...

Article

Sculptors working in America in the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries used two basic techniques. One was subtractive (carving) and the other was additive (modeling). While early gravestone makers, carpenters and furniture makers carved in stone and wood as part of their craft, those aspiring to fine art usually modeled in clay and then had the task of translating their work into a more permanent material. That material was often marble or bronze with plaster as an intermediate step in the process. But both marble and bronze demanded skilled artisans who were in short supply in America until the second half of the 19th century. The story of materials and techniques for American sculptors is one of gradually building a support system that would allow production at home. Until that happened, most had to rely on Europe for its skilled craftsmen, marble cutters, quarries, and foundries....

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active from the beginning of 1867 also active in Italy.

Born 26 February 1836, in New York; died 29 January 1923, in Rome.

Painter, pastellist, sculptor, draughtsman, illustrator, decorative designer. Allegorical subjects, figures, portraits, genre scenes, landscapes, waterscapes. Murals, designs for mosaics...