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Irma B. Jaffe

American sculptor, illustrator and printmaker. Baskin studied at the New York University School of Architecture and Allied Arts (1939–41), the School of Fine Art (1941–3) and New School for Social Research (1949). He also studied at the Académie de la Grande Chaumière in Paris (...

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American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1 February 1960, in New York.

Sculptor, assemblage artist, graphic artist.

Nayland Blake studied at Bard College, Annandale on Hudson, NY, receiving his BFA there. In 1984 he obtained a MFA from the California Institute of Arts in Valencia, CA. Blake is a conceptual artist, concentrating primarily on themes of racial, sexual and personal identities, with emphasis on the threat of AIDS and the gay identity. His early works, such as ...

Article

Jean E. Feinberg

American painter, sculptor, printmaker, illustrator, performance artist, stage designer and poet. He studied art at the Cincinnati Arts Academy (1951–3) and later at the Boston Museum School and Ohio University (1954–7). In 1957 he married Nancy Minto and the following year they moved to New York. Dine’s first involvement with the art world was in his ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 30 May 1931, in New York.

Painter, sculptor, graphic artist, printmaker, lithographer. Still-lifes, figures.

Audrey Flack studied at the Cooper Union, New York (1948-1951); Yale University, New Haven (BFA, 1952) with Jossef Albers; the Institute of Fine Arts, New York University (1953); and the Art Students League, New York, under Robert Beverly Hale. She has taught in New York at the Pratt Institute and New York University (1960-1968); the Riverside Museum Master Institute (1966-1967); the School of Visual Arts (1970-1974); and the National Academy of Design (from 1987). Flack has been Albert Dorne Professor at University of Bridgeport, CT (1975); Mellon Professor at the Cooper Union, New York (1982); C. & R. Smith Distinguished Visiting Professor, George Washington University (1992); and Visiting Professor, University of Pennsylvania Institute of Contemporary Art, Philadelphia (1994). She has served on the boards of directors of the College Art Association of America (1989-1994), the Wonder Woman Foundation, and Interns for Peace....

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 30 July 1940, in El Paso (Texas); died 13 June 2006, in Hondo, in a studio accident.

Sculptor, printmaker, graphic artist. Figures.

As a child, Luis Jiménez learned welding and spray-painting in his father's sign shop. He studied at the University of Texas in Austin, obtaining a BS in art and architecture in ...

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Amy Fox

American graphic designer, sculptor, and painter. Growing up on the Upper West Side of Manhattan, Morla was introduced to the rich culture of New York City at an early age, seeing the Andy Warhol exhibition at the Guggenheim Museum, visiting many museums, and drawing from her own Spanish heritage, quickly gaining an appreciation for culture and the arts. Morla enjoyed drawing and went on to study art at the University of Hartford, West Hartford, CT, in the early 1970s, at the height of the conceptual art movement. Morla learnt the tenets of conceptual art at Hartford, and while this did not give her the opportunity to improve her drawing skills as she expected, it taught her to illustrate concept without image. Sensing that her skills lay in the field of graphic design, she transferred to Massachusetts College of Art, Boston, where she obtained a BFA in Graphic Design. After graduation she accepted a job in the late 1970s as senior designer for KQED, San Francisco’s Public Broadcasting System (PBS) Station; a job that taught her to work with sound and motion and to stay within a limited budget. She left KQED to work as an art director at Levi-Strauss & Company, where she learnt the art of communicating the design process to co-workers who did not necessarily understand design or the design process. It was a skill Morla found useful when she began working with clients in her own company....

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in New York City.

Born 18 September 1951, in Santa Monica (California).

Sculptor, installation artist, performance artist, poster artist.

Computer Art (Virtual Art).

Matt Mullican attended the California Institute of the Arts, Valencia, where he studied with the conceptual artist John Baldessari, obtaining a BFA in ...

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American, 20th century, male.

Born 1936.

Sculptor, photographer.

Minimal Art.

Richard Nonas studied anthropology, worked as an archaeologist in Georgia, and directed ethnographical studies in Native American villages in Mexico. He lived in Paris for two years and took up sculpture around 1967. He was in residence at the Calder Studio, Saché, in ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 24 September 1960, in Provincetown (Massachusetts).

Painter, sculptor, photographer, graphic artist. Figures, flowers, landscapes.

Jack Pierson studied at the Massachusetts College of Art in Boston, obtaining a BFA in 1984. He lives and works in New York City and in southern California, but travels frequently to Las Vegas and Provincetown. He has worked as a photographer for the magazine ...

Article

W. C. Foxley

American painter, sculptor, illustrator, and writer. In 1878 he began his studies at the newly formed School of the Fine Arts at Yale University in New Haven, CT, remaining there until 1880. This, along with a few months at the Art Students League in New York in ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1933, in Grand Forks (North Dakota).

Painter, watercolourist, sculptor, poster artist. Murals.

James Rosenquist studied at the University of Minnesota and in 1955 received a bursary from the Art Students League of New York. With Lichtenstein and Oldenburg, James Rosenquist is one of the masters of American Pop Art, a movement inspired by the consumer society, reacting against the aestheticism of Abstract Expressionism and using techniques taken from the worlds of the press, cinema and advertising. Rosenquist’s work is situated after the movement’s neo-Dada forerunners, Rauschenberg, Jasper Johns, Chamberlain and Stankiewicz, with the first representatives of the second wave of Pop Art, who came together in 1962 and would launch the vogue for this second American post-war style....

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born 1926, in San Francisco.

Sculptor.

Kay Sekimachi studied at the California College of Arts and Crafts in Oakland. She gave up graphic arts to become a weaver in 1954 under the direction of Trude Guermonprez. After 1960 she began weaving with nylon filaments, then created her works with elements obtained from three-dimensional transparent shapes....

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1964, in New York.

Draughtsman, sculptor. Scenes with figures.

Gary Simmons obtained a bachelor of fine arts in graphic design and illustration from the School for Visual Arts, New York, in 1988, and a master's degree in fine art from the California Institute of Arts in ...

Article

American, 20th–21st century, female.

Born 18 January 1954, in Nuremberg, Germany.

Sculptor (mixed media), graphic artist.

Kiki Smith was born in Germany, but grew up in New Jersey. Her father was the sculptor Tony Smith, and as a child she helped him make cardboard models for his geometric models, thereby learning about Formalism and Minimalism. She studied at Hartford Art School (1974–1976), and has also trained in industrial baking and as an Emergency Medical Technician. She has lived in New York since 1976 and was associated with Collaborative Projects Inc. there through the early 1980s. Influences on her work include Eva Hesse, Louise Bourgeois and Lee Bontecou....

Article

Morgan Falconer

American painter, sculptor and conceptual artist. Although notoriously reluctant to reveal biographical details including her date or place of birth, she went on record as having studied at a remarkable number of institutions including the Cleveland Museum of Art, the Art Institute of Chicago, the Art Students’ League in New York, the University of Iowa, the University of Zurich and Columbia University in New York. She quickly rose to notoriety in the late 1960s for her appropriation of famous images by contemporary Pop artists. Her choice of artistic models was carefully made, as the Pop artists had themselves mimicked the appearance of found objects and ready-made images from advertising, commercial art and photography. One of her first such works was a copy of Jasper Johns’s ...

Article

Canadian painter, sculptor and illustrator. He was educated at Arthabaska College and Nicolet seminary. Brought up in an ecclesiastical environment, in 1889 he helped to decorate the walls of the parish church of Arthabaska and the chapel of the local Collège du Sacré-Coeur. In 1890...

Article

Whitney Chadwick and Amy Lyford

American painter, sculptor, illustrator, stage designer, and writer. She studied at the school of the Art Institute of Chicago in 1932 before moving to New York, where she saw the exhibition Fantastic Art, Dada, Surrealism (1936–7; New York, MOMA) and was inspired to become a painter. After meeting ...

Article

Regina Soria

American painter, illustrator, sculptor, and writer (see fig.). He studied under Tompkins Harrison Matteson in Shelbourne, NY, and went to Paris in March 1856. After eight months in the studio of François-Edouard Picot, he settled in Florence until the end of 1860. There he learnt drawing from ...

Article

Marco Livingstone

American painter, printmaker, sculptor, draughtsman, illustrator, film maker, writer, and collector. After studying at the Carnegie Institute of Technology in Pittsburgh from 1945 to 1949, he moved to New York and began working as a commercial artist and illustrator for magazines and newspapers. His work of the 1950s, much of it commissioned by fashion houses, was charming and often whimsical in tone, typified by outline drawings using a delicate blotted line that gave even the originals a printed appearance; a campaign of advertisements for the shoe manufacturers I. Miller & Sons in ...