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Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 1898, in Elbing (now Elblag, Poland).

Painter, architect.

Alfred Arndt was mainly active at the Bauhaus, where he studied architecture and mural painting before becoming a teacher of interior design in 1929. He lost his construction rights in 1933 during the Third Reich, but was later appointed architect of public works in Jena in ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 1900, in Neuss.

Potter.

Barthelmess was a student at the Bauhaus from 1920 to 1923 and he subsequently ran a pottery studio there. From 1927 he worked as an architectural ceramicist and potter in Düsseldorf where he taught at the Academy from ...

Article

Bauhaus  

Rainer K. Wick

German school of art, design and architecture, founded by Walter Gropius. It was active in Weimar from 1919 to 1925, in Dessau from 1925 to 1932 and in Berlin from 1932 to 1933, when it was closed down by the Nazi authorities. The Bauhaus’s name referred to the medieval Bauhütten or ...

Article

Kathleen James-Chakraborty

After the closure in 1933 of the Bauhaus in Berlin, its staff and students dispersed. Many found their way to the USA, where they became highly influential teachers as well as artists and architects. The pedagogical methods developed at the school, particularly in the preliminary course, became commonplace in all levels of art education, as the former centrality in America of life drawing to instruction in the visual arts was now challenged by experimentation with abstract principles of composition and the qualities of individual materials....

Article

Monica Bohm-Duchen

American painter, designer, photographer and typographer, of Austrian birth. After serving in the Austrian army (1917–18), Bayer studied architecture under Professor Schmidthammer in Linz in 1919 and in 1920 worked with the architect Emanuel Margold in Darmstadt. From 1921 to 1923 he attended the ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Active in Constance.

Born 1907, in Gelsenkirchen.

Architect.

Hermann Blomeier followed courses under Kandinsky and Klee at the Bauhaus from 1930 to 1932.

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 1897, in Hofgeismars; died 1968, at the abbey of Maria-Laach.

Draughtsman.

Theodor Bogler studied architecture and art history in Munich after World Was I, then spent time at the Bauhaus from 1919-1925. He went on to direct the arts and crafts department of a sandstone factory near Berlin. He took holy orders at the Maria Laach abbey in ...

Article

Anna Rowland

American furniture designer and architect of Hungarian birth. In 1920 he took up a scholarship at the Akademie der Bildenden Künste, Vienna, but he left almost immediately to find a job in an architect’s office. A few weeks later he enrolled at the Bauhaus at Weimar on the recommendation of the Hungarian architect Fred Forbat (...

Article

Alexander Koutamanis

Greek architect, teacher and writer. He studied under Hannes Meyer at the Bauhaus, Weimar (1924–5), and at the Königliche Technische Hochschule, Hannover (1928), and worked for Erich Mendelsohn in Berlin. In the 1930s he was a major figure in Greek architecture, being the only architect to relate Modernism to socio-economic structures and to socialist views. In ...

Article

Peter Blundell Jones

Term applied to architecture in which the form of a building is derived from the function it is intended to fulfil. As employed by such historians as Nikolaus Pevsner and Siegfried Giedion, the term became generally identified with early 20th-century Modernism, for, like many of their architect contemporaries, they used it in justifying that style. It would, however, be hard to substantiate the claim that modern architecture is truly more functional than that of many other periods, particularly as it was impregnated with aesthetic and social concerns that sometimes conflicted directly with the requirements of use....

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born 31 March 1911, in Madison (Wisconsin).

Sculptor, collage artist.

Marie Zoë Greene-Mercier studied at the New Bauhaus, founded in Chicago by Moholy-Nagy and Archipenko after their exile. The architectural quality of her abstract sculptures and her taste for group creations, as well as the way she incorporated her personal work in built ensembles, undoubtedly had their roots in her Bauhaus training. She also made collages, drawings and reliefs, sometimes published in multiples. She took part in a large number of group exhibitions from ...

Article

Gilbert Herbert

American architect, industrial designer and teacher of German birth. He was one of the most influential figures in the development of the Modern Movement, whose contribution lay as much in his work as theoretician and teacher as it did in his innovative architecture. The important buildings and projects in Gropius’s career—the early factories, the Bauhaus complex at Dessau (...

Article

Daniela De Dominicis

Italian painter, sculptor and urban planner. In 1955 he obtained his diploma at the Accademia di Belle Arti in Rome and began studying architecture, heavily influenced by Walter Gropius, the Bauhaus and De Stijl. He started work as an industrial designer in 1958. He also began to execute works devoted to the study of the dynamic qualities of light in space, which some people have seen as a forerunner of conceptual art and Minimalism. Lo Savio’s first monochrome paintings, based on the study of chromatic transparency, date from ...

Article

Anna Rowland

Swiss architect, theorist and designer. He was born into a family of architects and studied building at the Gewerbeschule, Basle (1905–9). In Berlin he continued his training at the Kunstgewerbeschule and attended classes in urban planning at the Landwirtschafts-Akademie (1909–12). He became increasingly concerned about housing conditions in the modern industrial city and developed a strong interest in urban planning and land reform. In ...

Article

Peter Carter

German architect, furniture designer, and teacher, active also in the USA. With Frank Lloyd Wright, Walter Gropius, and Le Corbusier, he was a leading figure in the development of modern architecture. His reputation rests not only on his buildings and projects but also on his rationally based method of architectural education....

Article

British, 20th century, female.

Also active in Germany and Switzerland.

Born, 18 January 1894, in Prague; died 17 May 1989, in Zurich.

Photographer, author. Portraits, industrial design, architecture.

Bauhaus.

Lucia Moholy developed her straightforward approach to photography at the Bauhaus in Weimar, where she moved with her husband Làszló Moholy-Nagy in ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 1907, in Leipzig; died 1964, in Berlin.

Painter, designer.

Neidenberger studied scenography at the school of applied arts in Leipzig, and learned mural painting and architectural decoration at the Bauhaus from 1929 to 1932. He was one of the many Bauhaus pupils who was attracted to a career in the applied arts. From ...

Article

Swiss, 20th century, male.

Active in the USA from 1936.

Born 1904, in Basel; died 1979, in Locarno.

Painter. Landscapes. Stage sets.

Xanti Schawinsky trained as an architect before studying at the Bauhaus from 1924 to 1929, following various disciplines (painting, design, photography, graphics and, above all, theatre). He worked as a decorator/set designer in Magdeburg (1929-1933) and in Italy (1933-1936). At the urging of Josef Albers, Schawinsky emigrated to the USA in 1936 and taught painting at Black Mountain College in North Carolina while continuing to hone his own personal style and technique. From 1938 he devoted himself entirely to painting and from 1961 divided his time between the USA and Switzerland, where he painted mountain landscapes and completed his series entitled ...

Article

Hungarian architect, critic, urban planner and furniture designer . After graduating in 1929 from the Hungarian Palatine Joseph Technical University, Budapest, he joined the Bauhaus in Dessau, where he worked under Hannes Meyer. Weiner attended the CIAM II Congress (1929), Frankfurt, and, convinced that the architect’s mission was to serve and transform society, he followed Meyer and his group to the USSR in ...

Article

Canadian architect of German birth. He studied at the Staatliche Bauhaus, Weimar (1948), and graduated in engineering and architecture from the Technische Hochschule, University of Karlsruhe, in 1949. He began his career as a designer for the architectural firm of Eiermann & Lindner, Karlsruhe. In ...