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Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 17 September 1881, in Mulhouse.

Painter, engraver (etching), illustrator. Landscapes, architectural views.

Achener had a full training, first at the École des Beaux-Arts in Strasbourg, then in Munich in the studios of the engraver Peter Halm and the painter Ludwig von Loefftz. He was also a pupil of Jean-Paul Laurens in Paris....

Article

Australian painter, printmaker, book designer, lecturer, collector, gallery director and publisher of limited edition artists’ books, of Irish decent. He worked as a draughtsman before entering war service in the British Admiralty from 1940 to 1949, including five years in Colombo, where he made sketching trips to jungle temples with the Buddhist monk and artist Manjsiro Thero. Between ...

Article

British, 20th century, female.

Born 1904, in London; died 1995.

Painter, illustrator. Portraits, scenes with figures. Murals, posters.

Mary Adshead was the only daughter of Stanley Adshead, an artist, architect and professor of town planning. She studied under Henry Tonks at the Slade School of Art in London ...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 20 January 1951, in Paris.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, illustrator.

Agid began his studies in 1970-1971 by taking one course of teaching and research on the environment. He studied architecture between 1971 and 1976, before registering in fine arts at the Université de Paris VIII....

Article

John Steen

Dutch painter and draughtsman. Between 1936 and 1982 he worked as a bookkeeper for Enschede town council. As an artist he was self-taught. During World War II he came into contact with the art of Cézanne, Matisse, Braque and others, mainly through art journals, which influenced his work considerably. From ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 30 May 1855, in Bordeaux; died 12 November 1933, in Caudéran (Bordeaux).

Painter, illustrator. Architectural views.

Daniel Alaux was the grandson of Jean-Paul Alaux, otherwise known as Gentil. He studied under Pierre Victor Galland, and later Léon Bonnat at the École des Beaux-Arts de Paris ...

Article

José Miguel Rojas

Costa Rican engraver, painter, illustrator, draughtsman, writer and critic. He studied for a year from 1931 at the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes but was otherwise initially self-taught, using Louis Gonse’s L’Art japonais (Paris, 1883) as a source. He produced a series of caricature drawings, influenced by Cubism, in the ...

Article

Michèle Lavallée

Decorative style of the late 19th century and the early 20th that flourished principally in Europe and the USA. Although it influenced painting and sculpture, its chief manifestations were in architecture and the decorative and graphic arts, the aspects on which this survey concentrates. It is characterized by sinuous, asymmetrical lines based on organic forms; in a broader sense it encompasses the geometrical and more abstract patterns and rhythms that were evolved as part of the general reaction to 19th-century historicism. There are wide variations in the style according to where it appeared and the materials that were employed....

Article

Alan Crawford

Informal movement in architecture and the decorative arts that championed the unity of the arts, the experience of the individual craftsman, and the qualities of materials and construction in the work itself.

The Arts and Crafts Movement developed in the second half of the 19th century and lasted well into the 20th, drawing its support from progressive artists, architects and designers, philanthropists, amateurs, and middle-class women seeking work in the home. They set up small workshops apart from the world of industry, revived old techniques, and revered the humble household objects of pre-industrial times. The movement was strongest in the industrializing countries of northern Europe and in the USA, and it can best be understood as an unfocused reaction against industrialization. Although quixotic in its anti-industrialism, it was not unique; indeed it was only one among several late 19th-century reform movements, such as the Garden City movement, vegetarianism, and folksong revivals, that set the Romantic values of nature and folk culture against the artificiality of modern life....

Article

Anne Pastori Zumbach

Swiss draughtsman, painter and illustrator. He began his career as an apprentice banker but abandoned this to study music and languages in Dresden, and then painting at the South Kensington School of Art, London (1895). In 1896 he went to Paris where he took courses in anatomy and became the pupil of ...

Article

Ioana Vlasiu

Romanian painter, illustrator, watercolourist, draughtsman and pastellist . She studied at the School of Fine Arts in Bucharest (1913–16) and had private lessons with the painters Eustaţiu Stoenescu (b 1885) and Gheorghe Petraşcu. Between 1919 and 1922 she studied in Paris at the Académies Julian and Ranson, and the Academia Pedro Correja d’Aranjò with ...

Article

Romanian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in France.

Born 8 July 1947, in Bucharest.

Painter, engraver, illustrator.

After graduating from the school of architecture and town planning in Bucharest in 1971, Tudor Banus went to the École Nationale des Beaux-Arts in Paris to study architecture, painting and engraving. In ...

Article

Irma B. Jaffe

American sculptor, illustrator and printmaker. Baskin studied at the New York University School of Architecture and Allied Arts (1939–41), the School of Fine Art (1941–3) and New School for Social Research (1949). He also studied at the Académie de la Grande Chaumière in Paris (...

Article

British, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 4 April 1872, in London; died 10 July 1953, in London.

Sculptor, copyist. Architectural monuments.

Gilbert Bayes was the son of Albert Walter Bayes and the brother of Jessie and Walter Bayes. He exhibited two wax work models at the Royal Academy in ...

Article

British, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1864, in London; died 1954, in London.

Painter, draughtsman, illustrator. Landscapes.

Francis Donkin Bedford trained to be an architect at the South Kensington Schools and joined the practice of Sir Arthur Blomfield in 1883. Two years later he decided to change profession and enrolled at the Royal Academy Schools. He illustrated several popular children's books, and exhibited at the Royal Academy in London, notably in 1892....

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Active in the USA.

Born 15 March 1883, in Stuttgart; died 29 May 1972, in New York.

Painter, sculptor, graphic designer, poster artist, illustrator, architect, designer, decorative artist. Designs for carpets, advertising art, furniture, lamps, wallpaper.

Jugendstil.

Deutscher Werkbund.

Lucian Bernhard studied painting at the Kunstakademie in Munich, but taught himself design. He was active in Berlin. In ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 17 January 1852, in Lyons; died 1930, in Paris.

Painter, copyist. Allegorical subjects, scenes with figures, genre scenes, figures, architectural views, interiors, urban landscapes.

Béroud lived in Paris from a young age and gained his early experience in the studios of the decorative painters Lavaste and Gourdet, before studying with Léon Bonnat. He exhibited at the Paris Salons from 1873, and at the Paris Exposition Universelle of 1900, where he won a bronze medal. A fervent copyist at the Louvre, it was he who discovered the first theft of the ...

Article

Mariana Katzarova

Bulgarian cartoonist, illustrator, draughtsman, painter, teacher, editor and critic. In 1926 he studied painting at the Academy of Art, Sofia, and although he was later known for his paintings, he achieved greater fame as a political and social cartoonist and newspaper and magazine illustrator. His early cartoons are courageous commentaries on political events in Bulgaria from ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 17 January 1913, in Paris; died 9 August 1994.

Painter, engraver, illustrator. Figure compositions, local figures, landscapes, urban landscapes, architectural views, still-lifes (including flowers/fruit). Murals, designs for tapestries.

Roger Bezombes studied at the Paris École des Beaux-Arts from 1934 and won a grant enabling him to travel in Africa in 1936. Also in 1936 he took the Prix de Rome and according to some sources, a National prize in 1939. He also had guidance from Maurice Denis and used to consult the works of Gauguin, Van Gogh and Matisse. Later he was one of the winners of the Hallmark Prize in 1949 and according to some, he gained the Grand Prix National des Arts in 1946; according to others he won the Great International Painting Prize in 1956. In 1955 he was appointed official painter to the Navy. He travelled in Belgium, Germany, Italy, Greece, Crete, Palestine, North Africa and the USA. Under the Moroccan sun he convinced himself that, 'the least little Arab weaver knows more about colours than the learned Chevreul with his chemistry and striped wheels', an opinion not shared by the Impressionists, neither Seurat nor Delaunay, nor, as his letters to Theo make clear, by Van Gogh, by whom, however, Bezombes claimed to be influenced. In 1947 he completed his ...

Article

British, 19th – 20th century, female.

Active in Canada from 1912.

Born 17 October 1879, in Ormskirk; died October 1957, in Vancouver.

Illustrator, painter. Landscapes.

Olive Allen studied under Herbert McNair at Liverpool School of Art and Architecture and later under Henry Tonks at the Slade School of Art in London. She illustrated a number of children's books and magazines, including ...