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Article

Horacio Safons

Argentine painter, draughtsman and collagist. He studied under Juan Batlle Planas from 1950 to 1953 and quickly established the terms of his work, rooted ideologically in Surrealism and indebted in particular to the work of René Magritte and Giorgio de Chirico. All the elements of his mature art are evident in an early painting, ...

Article

Francis Summers and Martin R. Patrick

Belgian-born interdisciplinary artist, active in Mexico. He studied architecture at the Institut d’Architecture de Tournai in Belgium (1978–83) and at the Istituto Universitario di Architettura in Venice (1983–6). Alÿs moved to Mexico in 1987 and his art practice initially concentrated on Mexico City as a laboratory of urban living, often documented in the form of evocative, conceptually layered photographs, sculptures, and videos. In the slide series ...

Article

Argentinian, 20th century, male.

Painter, sculptor, mixed media, architect.

Bedel's works are metaphorical. In relief to varying degrees, he combines shiny metal with dull organic materials to create models that resemble towns, while privileging the evocation of the book form. He gives poetic expression to his pessimistic preoccupations concerning the future of humanity....

Article

Cecilia Suárez

Ecuadorean painter, graphic designer, sculptor, installation artist, architect and teacher. He studied architecture at the Universidad Nacional de Bogotá, Colombia. He worked for the Graham Foundation and the National Endowment for the Arts, Washington, DC, and received a grant to attend the Center for Advanced Visual Studies at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, where he worked with ...

Article

Jorge Glusberg

Argentine painter, draughtsman and collagist. She studied at the Escuela Provincial de Artes Visuales in Paraná and at the Escuela Superior de Bellas Artes ‘Ernesto de la Cárcova’ in Buenos Aires. Taking the cue for her well-crafted works from Surrealism but concentrating her attention on fortuitous encounters in everyday life, she fluctuated between a meticulously detailed photographic realism and an artificial imagery of old porcelain dolls and turn-of-the-century postcards, posters and advertising handbills. Generally working in series, she combined the sinister and the humorous, sometimes in a single work, as in ...

Article

Brazilian, 20th century, male.

Born 1936, in Rio de Janeiro.

Painter (mixed media). Scenes with figures, landscapes, urban landscapes, seascapes.

Jorge Eduardo began studying architecture in 1956 at the university of Rio de Janeiro and received his degree in 1960. He was also a self-taught artist and continued to paint. It was not until ...

Article

Brazilian, 20th century, female.

Born 1940, in Rio de Janeiro.

Painter, sculptor, mixed media.

In 1957 and 1958 Evany Fanzeres studied history of art, drawing and architecture at the fine arts institute in Rio de Janeiro. In 1961 she spent time in Great Britain and later travelled to Germany where, in Düsseldorf, in ...

Article

Brazilian, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1955, in Recife.

Sculptor, installation artist, draughtswoman. Architectural integration.

Ester Grinspum's first vase-shaped sculptures were an early exploration of the open-closed, full-empty relationship found in her piece Free Access ( Einfang), a monumental cavern that invites the viewer to enter and explore the shadow within. Her drawings, composed of thin sheets of very fine paper, offer the same type of experience but through transparency.Ester Grinspum has taken part in numerous collective exhibitions, including: 20th São Paulo Biennale (...

Article

Sarah Urist Green

Chilean architect, public interventionist, installation artist, photographer and filmmaker, active in the USA since 1982. He first studied architecture at the Universidad de Chile in Santiago, then filmmaking at the Instituto Chileno-Norteamericano de Cultura, Santiago, concluding in 1981. Throughout his career, Jaar has consistently endeavored to highlight and give visual form to complex ideas and incomprehensible tragedies. In over fifty projects he termed ‘public interventions’, Jaar conducted extensive research around the world to create site-specific works that reflect political and social realities near and far from his sites of exhibition. He created works—in gallery spaces and in public, often engaging spectator involvement—that harness and reappropriate the power of images through various and calculated strategies of representation....

Article

Argentinian, 20th century, male.

Born 1930, in Buenos Aires; died 1971.

Painter (mixed media), engraver, illustrator.

Nueva Figuración.

La Vega began by studying architecture. A self-taught painter, he was also a musician, poet and, in addition, an advertising agent. He travelled to Europe, notably France, lived for two years in the USA and studied at Cornell University....

Article

Uruguayan, 20th century, male.

Born 1940, in Montevideo.

Painter, collage artist.

Rafael Lorente studied at the Montevideo faculty of architecture from 1965 to 1968. In 1964 he was awarded first prize in a poster competition and in 1974 he travelled to Europe and Paris with a bursary....

Article

Susan Snodgrass

Chicago-based American sculptor also working in photography, video and installation. He received a BA in art and art history and a BA in Latin American and Spanish literature from Williams College in 1983. In 1989 he earned a MFA from the School of the Art Institute of Chicago....

Article

Argentinian, French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in France.

Born 8 March 1955, in Buenos Aires.

Sculptor, installation artist.

Pablo Reinoso studied architecture at Buenos Aires University from 1973 to 1976. He now lives in Paris, where he wears a number of hats: as artistic director for the Givenchy perfume house and as a consultant to the French luxury consumer goods manufacturer Moët-Hennessy Louis Vuitton, in addition to running his own independent design consultancy, lecturing on corporate branding and being active in the world of theatre. Reinoso's sculptures are comprised of canvases inflated by air from heating ducts. As metaphors for the human form, they juxtapose transience and permanence, empty space and artefact....

Article

Colombian, 20th century, male.

Born 12 August 1941, in Bogotá.

Painter, assemblage artist.

Bernardo Salcedo studied architecture at the national university of Colombia in Bogotá, where he later taught. He travelled regularly in Italy and Spain from 1970, in France in 1974 and in Great Britain in ...

Article

Eduardo Serrano

Colombian sculptor, collagist and conceptual artist. He studied architecture at the Universidad Nacional de Colombia in Bogotá from 1959 to 1965 and began at this time to make collages influenced by Pop art. In 1966 he made the first of his Boxes, painted in strong flat colours, often red or yellow, to which he affixed industrial elements such as telephone handsets. Soon afterwards he began to make only white boxes, using the colour to complement the mystery of the objects they contained, such as the heads, arms and legs of dolls, machine parts, wooden eggs and domestic objects; the penetrating humour and arbitrariness with which he juxtaposed such things recalled the spirit of Dada....

Article

Tunga  

Brazilian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 8 February 1952, in Palmares (Pernambuco).

Sculptor, installation artist.

Tunga trained as an architect. As in Arte Povera, Tunga's work is meant to be close to life. He draws his materials from everyday life and works with familiar objects ranging from bowls and thimbles, to heavy materials like iron, copper or other metal plates and copper wire, as well as organic matter like hair, and more recently with blown glass. Tunga then integrates another dimension by adding literary, philosophical and scientific references. From accumulations and excesses Tunga builds up an original personal fiction, which destabilises perception, confuses scales and multiplies the connections between the objects, materials and the more anatomical shapes and colours and, in so doing transports the viewer to an imaginary phantasmagorical world. After ...

Article

Tunga  

Adrian Locke

Brazilian conceptual artist. He graduated in architecture from the Universidade Santa Ursula, Rio de Janeiro in 1974. In 1976 he co-founded and edited the alternative art journal Malasartes, along with fellow Brazilian artists Cildo Meireles, José Resende (b 1945) and Waltercio Caldas (...

Article

Sarah Lack

British painter and sculptor of Colombian birth. She studied at the Academia Arjona, Madrid (1975–7) and the Bath Academy (1978–81). Her paintings and installations are concerned with architecture as a bearer of meaning and as a symbol of stability revealing how the everyday is rapidly changing. ...