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Article

Lebanese, 20th century, male.

Active from 1947 in France.

Born 22 November 1926, in El Mhaidthe, near Bikfaya; died 9 April 2004, in Paris.

Painter, engraver.

Shafic Abboud set out to become an engineer, but broke off his studies in his third year at the French school of engineering in Beirut in order to study drawing and composition at the Académie Libanaise des Beaux-Arts in ...

Article

Turkish, 20th century, male.

Active in France.

Born 1932, in Istanbul.

Painter, engraver.

Erdal Alantar studied at Istanbul’s school of fine art from 1949 to 1956 and followed courses in fresco painting at Florence’s school of fine art in 1958. He has lived in Paris since 1959, working as a steel worker in the suburb of Ivry from 1966 to 1967. Since 1972, he has taught fine arts....

Article

Iraqi, 20th century, male.

Born 15 December 1940, in Mosul; died 2000, in Paris.

Painter, engraver, architect.

Kafakian Ardash moved to Paris in 1960 in order to study at the École des Beaux-Arts. He appears to have been influenced by the CoBrA group of painters and his work can be identified within the new figurative movement. His works feature expressive deformations and the fragmentation of his subject matter. He frequently based his work on mythical subjects, while the female body, perceived from a sexual-sadistic perspective, also features often in his painting....

Article

Israeli painter, draughtsman, printmaker and writer, of Romanian birth, active in France. The drawings he made in deportation from Nazi labour camps at the age of 13 and 14 saved his life by attracting attention to his precocious talent. In 1944 he emigrated to Israel, living in a kibbutz near Jerusalem and studying art at the Bezalel School in Jerusalem; after being severely wounded in ...

Article

Lebanese, 20th century, male.

Active in France.

Born 12 August 1943, in Beirut.

Engraver, painter, illustrator.

Assadour Bezdikian left Lebanon at the age of 18; he studied at the Pietro Vannucci academy in Perugia during the summer months of 1962, 1963 and 1964, then from 1964 to 1970...

Article

Israeli, 20th century, male.

Born 1920, in Vienna.

Painter, engraver.

Yosl Bergner spent his childhood in Warsaw, and emigrated with his family to Australia in 1937, where he studied at the National Gallery Art School in Melbourne. He settled in Israel in 1951. His early work comprised almost exclusively meticulously-detailed still-lifes, but he soon started introducing human figures into his compositions, frequently set against a backdrop of stone walls or ruins. He was attracted to Surrealism and, in particular to René Magritte, and his work took on a progressively dream-like quality in terms of subject matter, although it remained realistic to the extent that his technique was extraordinarily precise. Typical Bergner compositions feature mirrors which carry infinite reflections of figures who appear only as enigmatic shadows. He exhibited at the São Biennale of 1957....

Article

He studied painting at the Belgrade School of Fine Arts (1927–8) and at the Accademia di Belle Arti in Florence (1929–35), where he also worked on engravings. In 1935 he exhibited his work at the Academy of Fine Arts in Istanbul and in ...

Article

Turkish, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1958.

Born 17 January 1929, in Istanbul.

Watercolourist, painter (mixed media), collage artist, engraver, draughtsman.

Albert Bitran originally moved to Paris to study architecture, but he soon abandoned it for painting and became a pupil of Fernand Léger....

Article

Joshua Drapkin

French draughtsman, engraver, sculptor and archaeologist. He received instruction in drawing from Joseph-Marie Vien, Jean-Jacques Lagrenée and Jean-Baptiste Le Prince. In 1778 he departed for Italy, where he developed his landscape draughtsmanship and his passion for antiquity. He travelled incessantly, recording everything he saw and venturing out from Rome to Venice, Naples and Sicily. An example of the numerous drawings he produced is the ...

Article

Armenian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active then naturalised in France.

Born 1864, in Erzurum; died 1949, in Paris.

Painter, pastellist, engraver. Seascapes, landscapes.

Chabanian became the pupil of Gustave Moreau in Paris after studying with Paoletti. He received an honourable mention in 1896 at the Salon des Artistes Français, and another at the Exposition Universelle in 1900. He exhibited at the Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts, and participated in the Exposition in Brussels in 1910, when he was made a Chevalier in the Légion d’Honneur. He also exhibited at the Salon des Artistes Français in 1939, and the Salon des Indépendants in 1943....

Article

Lebanese, 20th century, male.

Active from 1953 active in France.

Born 29 October 1929, in Zahlé (Beirut).

Painter, engraver, watercolourist. Designs for tapestries.

He first attended the wood-engraving workshop at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris from 1954 to 1957, as well as the Ranson and Grande-Chaumière academies. He then worked at Henri Goetz’s academy, where he became a lecturer in ...

Article

Andrew W. Moore

English painter and etcher. In the early 1820s he rapidly developed his skills as an etcher. Three prints, Near Norwich, Whitlingham Staithe and Bure Bridge (all 1827), demonstrate his developed sensitivity of line. His watercolour study for Bure Bridge, Aylsham (1826; Norwich, Castle Mus.) testifies to his fluid use of wash freely applied over light pencil. Daniell also began to paint in oils and received a few lessons from ...

Article

Donald A. Rosenthal

French painter, illustrator and writer. His early training was as a theatrical scene painter and a designer of lithographic illustrations. In Bordeaux he studied with Pierre Lacour (ii) (1778–1859) and worked with Thomas Olivier (1772–1839), chief scene designer at the Grand-Théâtre. He subsequently studied in Paris in the studio of the landscape and history painter ...

Article

Israeli, 20th century, male.

Active from 1948 active in Israel.

Born 16 December 1908, in Bucharest.

Painter, engraver, poster artist, graphic designer, decorative designer. Designs for tapestries, and stained glass windows.

He was an architecture student at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris, where he later studied painting at the Scandinavian Academy and at the Académie Julian ...

Article

Turkish, 20th century, male.

Active in Austria.

Born 1941, in Istanbul.

Engraver.

A musician, Denec specialised in electronic sounds whilst studying at the school of fine art in Vienna, where he settled. His engravings of a magical world have been exhibited in Turkey and in Vienna....

Article

Susan T. Goodman

Israeli painter, sculptor, printmaker and film maker of Lebanese birth. He studied from 1959 to 1961 under Yehezkel Streichman at the Avni Art Institute in Tel Aviv. From 1966 to 1976 he lived in London, where he studied at St Martin’s School of Art and created sculptures concerned with movement, time and energy, for example ...

Article

Lebanese, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1951, in Beirut.

Painter, collage artist, engraver. Portraits.

He was a student at the institute of fine arts of the Lebanese University from 1971 to 1975, then studied at the Slade School of Fine Art, London, from 1979 to 1981...

Article

Turkish, 20th century, male.

Born 20th century, in Turkey.

Painter, engraver.

After studying at the school of fine art in Istanbul, Turan Erol completed his artistic education by studying engraving under Friedlaender. He has shown on several occasions in Ankara and, in 1961, he won Turkey’s national prize for painting. He paints abstract landscapes....

Article

French museum director, painter, printmaker, writer and military officer. He studied painting in Aix-en-Provence under Jean-Antoine Constantin, alongside his lifelong friend François-Marius Granet; further teachers included Jean-Jacques de Boissieu, Jean-Louis Demarne and, from 1796, Jacques-Louis David. He first exhibited at the Salon in that year. However, during the Empire he was chiefly celebrated as a soldier, writer and lover. He became Chamberlain and consort to Napoleon’s sister, Pauline Bonaparte, Princess Borghese, and was decorated for his conduct in the Portuguese and Austrian campaigns. In ...

Article

Turkish, 20th century, male.

Born 1934, in Istanbul.

Sculptor, engraver.

Germaner was a pupil at the school of fine arts in Istanbul until 1957, having already taken part in the biennale exhibition in Ljubljana in 1955. He was invited to exhibit at the biennale in Paris in ...