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Article

Patrick Conner

English painter, engraver, draughtsman and museum official. The son of a coachbuilder, he was apprenticed to Julius Caesar Ibbetson before enrolling in 1784 at the Royal Academy Schools, London. In 1792 he accepted the post (previously declined by Ibbetson) of draughtsman to George, 1st Earl Macartney, on his embassy to China. As the embassy returned by inland waterway from Beijing to Canton, Alexander made detailed ...

Article

Japanese, 18th–19th century, male.

Born 1748, in Sukagawa; died 1822.

Painter, engraver (etching). Landscapes.

Yoga School.

Denzen Aodo belonged to the Yoga School, but studied Nanga painting under Gessen. He later became interested in Western painting. Aodo was a landscape painter who served Lord Matsudaira....

Article

Buncho  

Japanese, 18th century, male.

Active in Edo (now Tokyo) 1765-1780.

Born 1725; died 1794.

Print artist, painter. Portraits.

Buncho was a disciple of Ishikawa Yukimoto and he is undoubtedly the same artist sometimes referred to as a pupil of Ishigawa Kogen who belonged to the Ukiyo-e School. He studied at the Kano School. Like all of the artists of the Meiwa period (...

Article

Tadashi Kobayashi

Japanese print designer and book illustrator . He may have been a pupil of the ukiyoe (‘pictures of the floating world’) artist Ishikawa Yukimoto. He is principally known for prints of the following types: hosōban (‘narrow format’, c. 320×150 mm); yakushae (‘pictures of actors’) and bijinga...

Article

Buzen  

Japanese, 18th – 19th century, male.

Active in Osaka.

Born 1735 or 1737; died 1810 or 1812.

Painter, print artist.

Article

Joshua Drapkin

French draughtsman, engraver, sculptor and archaeologist. He received instruction in drawing from Joseph-Marie Vien, Jean-Jacques Lagrenée and Jean-Baptiste Le Prince. In 1778 he departed for Italy, where he developed his landscape draughtsmanship and his passion for antiquity. He travelled incessantly, recording everything he saw and venturing out from Rome to Venice, Naples and Sicily. An example of the numerous drawings he produced is the ...

Article

Choki  

Japanese, 18th – 19th century, male.

Active 1760-1800.

Painter, print artist. Portraits, genre scenes.

Choki was active in Edo (Tokyo) from 1773 to 1811. He was a pupil of Toriyama Sekien and illustrated his master’s books. His portraits, especially of women, are distinguished by the elegance of their drawing and their rich, harmonious colouring. An ukiyo-e artist, he could render a snowfall or a sultry, starlit night with equal lyricism: the influence of Sharaku and Haronubu, among others, can be discerned in his work. He is particularly famous for his portraits of beautiful women in bust form, a new genre in about ...

Article

Choki  

Japanese, 18th century, male.

Active 1715-1750.

Painter, print artist.

Choki was a gifted disciple and perhaps the son of Miyagawa Choshun (1683-1753). He is known for his pictures of beautiful women, whom he endows with feline qualities. His pictures mark an advance in comparison with those of his master. He has no connection with Eishosai Choki....

Article

Brenda G. Jordan

Japanese painter and woodblock-print designer. He is thought to have studied under Toriyama Sekien (1712–88), the teacher of Kitagawa Utamaro. Chōki specialized in compositions of beautiful women (bijinga), sometimes with little or no background but more often with atmospheric backgrounds in which there is a limited sense of depth. He was influenced by Utamaro, Torii Kiyonaga (...

Article

British, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1775; died 1811, in Ceylon (now Sri Lanka).

Painter, draughtsman, engraver. Hunting scenes, landscapes with figures, landscapes.

Samuel Daniell was the brother of William Daniell and the nephew of Thomas Daniell. He was a pupil of Medland and exhibited for the first time at the Royal Academy in ...

Article

French, 18th century, male.

Born 1745, in Abbeville; died c. 1807, in Paris.

Engraver.

François Nicolas Barthélemy Dequevauviller was a student of J. Daullé. He travelled widely between 1781 and 1786, going first to Italy and Palestine before exploring the Mediterranean coastline. His witty and delicate talent rapidly gained him a place among the accomplished engravers of the end of the 18th century. Particular appreciation was accorded to the way in which he succeeded in treating the effects of light. Dequevauviller's prints are highly sought after. His works include ...

Article

Eiri  

Japanese, 18th – 19th century, male.

Activec.1795-1800.

Painter, print artist.

Chokyosai Eiri is not to be confused with Rekisentei Eiri, as established by Lane. He was a pupil of Hosoda Eishi. Only a few works by this artist are known to us: some very fine okubi-e (large-scale portraits) of beautiful women ( ...

Article

Eiri  

Japanese, 18th century, male.

Activec.1790.

Painter, print artist. Figure compositions.

Rekisentei Eiri designed ukiyo-e prints. He was a pupil of Hosoda Eishi but only retained his master’s taste for delicate women. In a further departure from normal practice, something of a romantic feeling shows through in the prints in which he depicts lovers in Japanese erotic style....

Article

Eishi  

Japanese, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1756, in Edo (now Tokyo); died 1829, in 1815 according to some sources.

Painter, print artist.

Eishi was a samurai descended from a military family, and a member of the personal entourage of the shogun. He gave up all his official duties to devote himself to his art. He was probably a disciple of Utamaro (...

Article

Brenda G. Jordan

Japanese painter and woodblock-print designer. He was of samurai rank but abandoned his position to devote himself to painting and print design. Having first studied painting under Kanō Eisen’in Michinobu (1730–90), he began producing ukiyoe (‘pictures of the floating world’; see Japan, §VI, 4, (iv), (b)...

Article

Eisho  

Japanese, 18th century, male.

Activec.1790.

Born 1780; died 1800.

Painter, print artist.

Eisho’s prints lack the refinement of those of his master, Eishi. By contrast his large format portraits of beautiful women have a more human character.

London, 16 June 1988: Woman Holding a Poem and a Fan in the Shade of a Parasol Carried by a Servant...

Article

French museum director, painter, printmaker, writer and military officer. He studied painting in Aix-en-Provence under Jean-Antoine Constantin, alongside his lifelong friend François-Marius Granet; further teachers included Jean-Jacques de Boissieu, Jean-Louis Demarne and, from 1796, Jacques-Louis David. He first exhibited at the Salon in that year. However, during the Empire he was chiefly celebrated as a soldier, writer and lover. He became Chamberlain and consort to Napoleon’s sister, Pauline Bonaparte, Princess Borghese, and was decorated for his conduct in the Portuguese and Austrian campaigns. In ...

Article

Japanese, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1776; died c. 1831.

Painter, print artist.

Goshichi was a writer from Edo (now Tokyo) who lived in Kyoto and who was known as an print artist just before 1820. He is known for a number of erotic prints and actors’ portraits....

Article

Gyokko  

Japanese, 18th century, male.

Activec.1790.

Engraver.

Article

Japanese, 18th century, male.

Born 1724 or 1725, in Edo (now Tokyo); died 15 June 1770.

Painter, master engraver.

Harunobu’s work marked the beginning of a new phase in the history of the Japanese print. Having developed over a century, the print reached a technical and aesthetic perfection with Harunobu, thanks to the advent of polychromy in the art of printing. Harunobu was one of the first Japanese draughtsmen to understand the new possibilities inherent in polychrome wood-block printing. Very unusually for art history, the advent of polychrome printing can be dated with precision. At the start of ...