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Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 24 January 1940, in New York.

Painter, sculptor, performance artist, video artist. Multimedia.

Body Art, Conceptual Art.

Vito Acconci was born in the Bronx, New York and lives and works in Brooklyn. He studied at Holy Cross College in Worcester, Massachusetts and at the University of Iowa. He has taught in various art schools and universities and in particular at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago, Yale University and the Parsons School of Design in New York....

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Active from 1930 in the USA.

Born 1926, in Ayios Nikolaos (Crete), Greece; died 17 August 2013, in New York City.

Sculptor, draughtsman. Multimedia.

Stephen Antonakos immigrated to New York in 1930 and lived there the remainder of his life. He attended Brooklyn Community College and graduated in ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 20 November 1946, in Harrisburg (Pennsylvania).

Sculptor, draughtswoman, multimedia artist.

Land Art.

Alice Aycock studied at Rutgers University (Douglass College), New Brunswick, NJ, receiving a BA in 1968, when she moved to New York. She obtained an MA from Hunter College in ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1942, in Boston (Massachusetts).

Painter, draughtsman, environmental artist. Multimedia.

Bad Painting, New Image (related to).

Jonathan Borofsky studied at Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, and at Yale School of Art. He taught at the New York School of Visual Arts from 1969 to 1977 and went on to teach at the Valencia Institute of Art, California. At the start of his artistic career, in the late 1960s, Borofsky would count obsessively, writing numbers from one upwards in his notebook and drawing in between the numbers when ideas struck him. He then produced paintings based on these drawings, which he signed with the number he had reached when the painting was finished. In the early 1970s, his work drew on his own dreams for inspiration: he would keep records of his dreams and spontaneous drawings and produce paintings based on that. Much of his work is related to these themes of time and his own experience: in ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 7 March 1926, in Halfway (Oregon); died 5 December 2008, in Cologne.

Painter, sculptor. Multimedia.

Neo-Dadaism, Fluxus.

From 1946 to 1950, George Brecht studied physical sciences at the Philadelphia College of Pharmacy & Science, and from 1950 to 1955, he trained as a chemist. He met John Cage in ...

Article

Konjit Seyoum

Ethiopian painter and computer artist, active in the USA. He trained at the School of Fine Arts under Gebre Krestos Desta in 1967. He received a scholarship to Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, in Nigeria, where he earned a BA (1972). He then moved to the United States to be curator of the art gallery at Morgan State University, Baltimore, MD. He actively promoted Ethiopian art, curating two ...

Article

Native American (Eastern Band of Cherokee), 20th–21st century, female.

Born 1957, in Baltimore.

Multimedia artist, photographer, illustrator, basket-weaver with paper.

Shan Goshorn, given the Cherokee Wolf Clan name of Yellow Moon, began training in silversmithing at the Cleveland Institute of Art and transferred to the Atlanta College of Art for her final year, receiving a BFA degree in painting and photography (double major) in ...

Article

Canadian First Nations (Saulteaux-Ojibwa), 20th-21st century, male.

Born 9 March 1947, in St. Boniface (Winnipeg).

Painter, sculptor, multimedia and installation artist.

A member of Sandy Bay First Nation, Robert Houle is a Canadian Saulteaux-Ojibwa artist, writer and curator, as well as a survivor of the Sandy Bay Indian Residential School. He received a BA in Art History from University of Manitoba in ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1950, in New York.

Painter, draughtsman, installation artist. Multimedia.

Lee Jaffe lives in Venice California. His work is composed of various types of materials, he uses aesthetic images that reference different cultures or sub-cultures with socio-political connotations. His installation ...

Article

American, 20th–21st century, male.

Born 27 October 1954, in Detroit. Died 1 February 2012, in Los Angeles.

Sculptor of assemblages, installation artist, draughtsman, mixed media, illustrator. Multimedia.

Neo-Conceptual Art.

Mike Kelley received a BFA from University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, in 1976, and an MFA from the California Institute of the Arts, Valencia, in 1978. He lived and worked in Los Angeles. His work is critical of psychoanalysis, capitalism and post-industrial American culture, particularly the injustices, crudity and hypocrisy concerning racism, physical taboos, political conscience and machismo....

Article

John-Paul Stonard

American painter, sculptor, and video artist. He completed an MFA at the Yale School of Art, New Haven, CT, in 1986. His paintings typically incorporate banal, confessional text and mundane, kitsch imagery, exploring an obsession with the inseparability of art and life. Text first appeared in his second solo exhibition (New York, Postmasters Gal., ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1947, in Bronxville (New York).

Painter (including mixed media), installation artist. Multimedia.

Neo-Conceptual Art, Appropriation Art.

Louise Lawler lives and works in New York. Her paintings and installations play on the contrasts between presentation and perception. Her work incorporates photography, installations, objects, texts and graphic elements, often appropriating existing works by other artists, notably Duchamp. These are repositioned in order to explore the public's changing response to an object in the context of a specific physical, social or economic setting: the content of Lawler's works is defined by their surrounding environment. She sought to challenge the role of museums as arbiters of taste, and espoused the anti-institutionalist movement in 1970s art....

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1953, in Brooklyn (New York), United States.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, performance artist. Scenes with figures. Multimedia.

Neo-Conceptual Art, Appropriation Art (Simulationism).

Robert Longo served an apprenticeship in the restoration of paintings in Italy, and studied the history of art at the Accademia in Florence. He subsequently visited the art galleries of Europe, in particular the Musée Rodin in Paris. He took part in the foundation of the alternative space ...

Article

Daniel E. Mader

American painter, draughtsman, sculptor, video artist, and performance artist. He received his BFA (1975) from the State University College in Buffalo, NY, with a professed ambition to reach the largest possible audience. Living this prophetic statement throughout his more than 30-year career, Longo first achieved fame in the 1980s with a series of large-scale drawings in charcoal and graphite entitled ...

Article

Dennis Raverty

African American painter, writer, film production designer, and multimedia installation artist. Marshall’s works portray idealized subjects derived from African American experience in large-scale, multiple-figure paintings and installations that share many characteristics with European history painting in the “grand manner” of Peter Paul Rubens, Benjamin West...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 6 August 1945, in Salt Lake City.

Sculptor, draughtsman, performance artist, installation artist, photographer. Multimedia.

Paul McCarthy received a BFA in 1969 from the San Francisco Art Institute, and an MFA in film at the University of Southern California in ...

Article

Susan S. Weininger

American sculptor, performance artist, video artist, and painter of Cuban birth. From the age of 13, when she was sent to the USA from Cuba by her parents, she lived in orphanages and foster homes in Iowa. Her sense of exile and the separation from her family proved strong motivating forces on her later work. After completing an MA in painting at the University of Iowa in ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 6 December 1941, in Fort Wayne (Indiana).

Sculptor, draughtsman, video installation artist. Multimedia.

Body Art, Process Art, Conceptual Art.

Bruce Nauman attended the universities of Wisconsin and California. He began work in Davis, California, where he was completing his university studies. In 1966 he had his first studio in San Francisco. In 1969 he moved to Pasadena and in 1979 to Pecos in the mountains of New Mexico, far removed from the artistic ‘underground’....

Article

American, 20th–21st century, male.

Born 1938, in Mason City or Electric City (Washington); died 21 January 2011, in New York City.

Painter (including gouache), pastellist, draughtsman, sculptor, installation artist. Multimedia.

Conceptual Art, Minimal Art, Body Art, Land Art.

Dennis Oppenheim studied at the College of Arts and Crafts, California, and the University of Stanford. Until 1967, Oppenheim made sculptures related to the primary structures of Minimal Art, although they are comparatively small and he presented them in series of trapezoidal boxes and cylindrical trunks. From 1967, he lived and worked in New York City. In 1967–1968, he became a conceptual artist and a proponent of Land Art, working mainly out of doors and in large spaces. He then documented his operations by means of photographs accompanied by texts and plans. Great care was taken with the graphic presentation of his actions, as the works themselves are largely ephemeral. He mowed undulating lines in fields, traced paths through cultivated land and snowfields, and in New York he spread rectangles of salt in the city’s streets. He also worked in the sea, spreading pigment in the water, then covering the surface with burning petrol and meticulously photographing the results. These experiments led the Yale Faculty of Architecture to commission from him plans for the sculptural use of excavations created by road building. He made practical volumes consisting of mounds, depressions, and steps that could be climbed between them. In 1969, after befriending artist Vito Acconci, he experimented with Body Art, often subjecting himself to violent physical alterations such as sunburns. Oppenheim’s use of his own body explored the connection between a work and its site, using the physical body itself as not only a medium but a place. During the 1970s, he was extremely prolific, creating installations that included puppets representing himself with animals and various objects that related to the events and worries of his own life. The late 1970s series ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 19 May 1957, in New York.

Painter, draughtsman, sculptor, installation artist, video artist. Multimedia.

Tony Oursler studied at the California Institute of Arts, receiving a BFA in 1979. He is interested in the creative use of new video technology as an artistic tool. Oursler is best known for his surrealistic installations in which he combines a moving image, spoken text and sculptural objects, creating a complete mediated environment for the viewer to enter, like ...