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Article

Sheila S. Blair and Jonathan M. Bloom

Lebanese–American artist and writer. Daughter of a Greek Christian mother and a Syrian Muslim father, she was educated in Lebanon and at universities in France and the United States. For many years she taught the philosophy of art at Dominican College, San Rafael, CA. She also lectured and taught at many other colleges and universities until her retirement in the late 1970s. Also a novelist and poet, she combined Arabic calligraphy with modern language in her drawings, paintings, ceramics and tapestries. She explored the relationship between word and image in over 200 “artist books,” in which she transcribed in her own hand Arabic poetry from a variety of sources....

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 24 September 1930, in Benicia (California); died 2 November 1992, in Benicia.

Ceramicist, sculptor, painter, printmaker, draughtsman. Figures.

Pop Art, Funk Art.

Robert Arneson studied at the College of Marin Kentfield, California (1949-1951), California College of Arts and Crafts (...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in Washington.

Painter.

Edward Barclay was a member of the Society of Washington Artists.

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1 June 1873, in Chicago; died 1953, in Beverly (Massachusetts).

Painter, decorative designer.

Frederick Clay Bartlett studied in Munich and in Paris in the studios of Louis Joseph Collin and Aman-Jean. He took classes with Whistler at his short-lived Paris school before returning to Chicago in ...

Article

Native American (Wiyot and Yurok), 20th–21st century, male.

Born 1946, in Newport (Oregon).

Sculptor, painter, ceramicist, mixed-media artist, print-maker.

Rick Bartow of the Wiyot and Yurok Nations of Northern California works in a number of media to create images which often reference indigenous North American transformation myths. His work with the Maori artist John Bevan Ford has also been an influence. In ...

Article

Canadian First Nations (Ojibwa), 20th–21st century, male.

Born 1942 or 1943, in M’chigeeng (West Bay), Manitoulin Island. Died 2005, Ottawa.

Draughtsman, painter, ceramicist, installation artist.

Carl Beam, a distinguished Ojibwa artist, was the first Canadian indigenous artist to gain recognition for contemporary Native American art by having one of his pieces accepted into the National Gallery of Art (Ottawa). He achieved a Bachelor of Fine Arts degree from the University of Victoria, and ...

Article

Tara Leigh Tappert

Beaux’s paintings of upper-class men, women, and children represent the finest examples of portraiture from the turn of the 20th century (see fig.). Known for her bravura brushwork, lush colour, and consummate ability to combine likeness and genre, Beaux’s paintings garnered awards and accolades at the exhibitions where she regularly showed her work. By the 1890s her portraits were often compared with those of John Singer Sargent, and she was as well known as Mary Cassatt....

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 6 July 1934, in Dodge City (Kansas).

Painter, watercolourist, sculptor, ceramicist.

Funk Art.

Billy Al Bengston settled in Los Angeles with his family in 1948. Between 1953 and 1957 he attended various art schools in Los Angeles and San Francisco before joining the Los Angeles County Art Institute (now the Otis College of Art and Design) where he studied under Richard Diebenkorn and Peter Voulkos. He continued to be a regular visitor at the Universities of California and Colorado until ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 15 April 1889, in Neosho (Missouri); died 1975, in Kansas City (Missouri).

Painter, lithographer, illustrator, ceramicist. Scenes with figures, genre scenes, local scenes. Murals.

American Regionalism.

Thomas Hart Benton gave up his job as a newspaper cartoonist in order to enroll in the Art Institute of Chicago, before pursuing his studies in Paris at the Académie Julian from 1908 to 1911. He was then in contact with some of the early 20th-century artists seeking radical renewal, in particular Stanton MacDonald-Wright, one of the active members of the Synchromism movement, which used the circle as the element capable of enlivening an abstract composition through the effects of colour dynamism. Benton himself said that it took him 10 years to break away from this abstract art, which later, after World War I, he openly opposed. But on his return to the USA in 1912, he was still in touch with Alfred Stieglitz, who was showing work by abstract artists and in 1916 was still showing Benton’s synchromist abstract paintings. Back in New York in 1913, he produced pottery, designed sets for Fox Studios, illustrated books and taught an evening class. He also taught at the New School for Social Research in Manhattan, where his personal choices had a significant influence on a great many young artists. Then, from 1926, he taught at the Art Students League, New York, where in 1929 one of his students was Jackson Pollock, who for a time painted Realist pictures, but quickly reacted against this genre, all the more vigorously for having to oppose Benton’s strong personality....

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born 1934, in Los Angeles.

Sculptor, ceramicist, draughtswoman, print artist, photographer, film maker. Figures, scenes with figures. Murals.

Camille Billops has a BA from California State College and an MFA from City College in New York. She settled in New York, where in ...

Article

Jean Stern

American painter and porcelain painter of Austrian birth. Bischoff began his artistic training at a craft school in his native Bomen. In 1882 he went to Vienna for further training in painting, design and ceramic decoration. He came to the USA in 1885 and obtained employment as a painter in a ceramic factory in New York City. Bischoff moved to Pittsburgh, PA, then to Fostoria, OH, and finally to Dearborn, MI, continuing to work as a porcelain painter. In ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1910, in Marinette (Wisconsin); died 1983, in Milwaukee.

Sculptor, painter, potter.

Outsider Art.

Eugene von Bruenchenhein worked in a florists and a bakery but devoted his spare time to producing fantastical sculptures, paintings, ceramics, assemblages and erotic photographs of his wife Marie. Von Bruenchenhein's substantial body of work was only known to his wife and close friends until it was uncovered by the director of the John Michael Kohler Arts Center in Sheboygan in ...

Article

American, 19th century, female.

Born 19th century, in Philadelphia.

Painter, sculptor.

Mary F.R. Clay was a pupil of Collin and MacMonnies in Paris, and of William Chase, and she was awarded the Mary Smith Prize at the Pennsylvania Academy in 1900. She was an associate of this body and a member of the Plastic Club....

Article

American, 19th century, male.

Born 23 June 1822, in Philadelphia; died 27 March 1888, in Claymore.

Painter, watercolourist, illustrator. History painting, portraits, genre scenes.

Felix Octavius Carr Darley was a member of the American Art Union from 1850 and of the American Society of Painters in Watercolor ...

Article

American, 19th century, male.

Born 1840; died 1894.

Draughtsman, engraver (wood), illustrator. Military subjects, local scenes, landscapes. Designs for ceramics.

Theo Davis won recognition for his illustrations depicting scenes of the American Civil War, which he witnessed in the field for Harper's magazine. He was apparently wounded on two occasions. After the war he travelled several times into the American West and thus became one of the first artists to bring back drawings of members of the Sioux nation. He accompanied General Custer's expedition in ...

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born 7 October 1883, in Clay Carter (Kansas); died 1948.

Painter, watercolourist. Landscapes.

Pansy Dawes studied with Birger Sandzen and Emma Church. She taught at Colorado Springs University and was a member of the Prairie Watercolor Painters Society.

Pettey, Chris: Dictionary of Women Artists. An International Dictionary of Women Artists Born before 1900...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 6 April 1857, in Ipswich (Massachusetts); died 13 December 1922, in New York.

Painter, engraver (wood), draughtsman, designer, illustrator, potter, photographer. Landscapes.

Arthur Wesley Dow studied in Worcester with the painter Anna K. Freeland, then in Boston in the studio of the painter James M. Stone. In 1884 he travelled to Paris, where he was a pupil of Boulanger and of Lefebvre at the Académie Julian. On returning to Boston in 1889, he studied Aztec, Oceanian, African, Egyptian and, above all, Japanese art. In 1893 he became assistant curator of Japanese art at the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston. In the 1890s Dow became an avid photographer and made photographs as studies and as works of art. The majority of his photographs are of the landscape around Ipswich and botanical subjects. He printed most often in cyanotype, which renders the image in bright shades of blue and reveals Dow’s interest in tonality. For example, Dory (1904) explores the transitions between low-lying marsh grass and still water in an arrangement inspired by the Japanese woodblock prints he admired....

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1909, in Baltimore; died 1993.

Painter, draughtsman, print artist, illustrator, art historian, writer. Figures, portraits, genre scenes, scenes with figures, landscapes. Comic strips.

Elton Clay Fax studied at Clafin University, Orangeburg, South Carolina, and Syracuse University, Syracuse, New York. He was taught by Augusta Savage....

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 9 August 1878, in Syracuse (New York).

Painter, ceramicist.

Marshal Fry studied under William Chase, (Arthur?) Dow and (Henry?) Snell in New York, and then under Whistler in England.

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Active from 1948 in France.

Born 1918, in Sandpoint (Idaho).

Sculptor, painter, ceramicist.

Genevieve began painting while she was studying philosophy at the University of Columbia. She then studied at the Art Students' League in New York, while at the same time teaching art at a school of design. She went to Paris in ...