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Ian Alsop and Kashinath Tamot

Nepalese sculptor, architect, and painter who worked in Tibet and China. A Newar from the Kathmandu Valley, Anige is now honoured in his native land as Nepal’s most famous artist of early times. He left his home at the age of 17 or 18, joining the myriads of wandering Newar artists who served the courts of the great lamas and emperors of Tibet and China. He so impressed his patrons at the court of the Mongol Yuan dynasty (...


Mary S. Lawton

Italian painter, architect and Jesuit lay brother, active in Portugal and China. Castiglione is the only Western artist to be included in the Chinese imperial collections.

Castiglione entered the Society of Jesus in 1707 and trained in Genoa and Portugal. While in Europe he studied late Baroque painting techniques and later identified himself as a pupil of ...


Chinese, 20th century, male.

Active in the USA, 1944-1960.

Born 1921, in Beijing.

Painter, architect.

Modern school.

Chen Qikuan graduated in architecture from National Central University, Chongqing, in 1944. He then left to continue his studies in the USA, studying with Walter Gropius at Harvard. He then joined the faculty of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He returned to Taiwan in ...


Joan Stanley-Baker

Chinese painter . Later known as Wu Daoxuan, he is a legendary figure said to have depicted human beings, landscapes, architecture, Buddhist deities, demons, birds and animals. Reportedly, he derived his inspiration from wine and had a mercurial, responsive brushstyle, producing breathtaking vistas of natural scenery and figures across vast areas of temple wall....



Japanese, 17th century, male.

Born 1579, in Koborimura (Omi); died 12 March 1647, in Fujimi, near Kyoto.

Painter, calligrapher, poet, architect. Landscapes.

Enju was a pupil of Taniju. He founded the Enju School, which was named after him.


Chinese, 20th century, male.

Active in England.

Painter. Architectural views.

Fei Chengwu studied at National Central University, Nanjing. He went to England in 1947 and settled in London, where he made a living as a guohua painter.

Taipei, 18 April 1993: Canterbury Cathedral (1947...


Chinese, 17th century, male.


Born in Siming (Zhejiang).

Painter, draughtsman. Landscapes, architectural views, gardens, birds, flowers.

Gao Yang was the son-in-law of Zhao Bei. He painted mostly flowers, birds and rocks, but towards the end of his career also produced landscapes.

Cologne (Mus. für Ostasiatische Kunst): ...


Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born 1899, in Tottori Prefecture; died 1993.

Painter, engraver. Architectural views.

Sosaku Hanga.

First Thursday Society.

Hashimoto Okiie worked with Unichi Hiratuska and graduated from the fine arts university in Tokyo in 1924. He taught there and at the first girls’ school in Tokyo until ...


Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born 1895, in Matsue (Shimane Prefecture); died 1997.

Painter, engraver (wood). Religious subjects, nudes.

Sosaku Hanga.

The grandson of an architect and son of a carpenter, Hiratsuka graduated from Matsue Commercial School before studying Western painting with Ishii Hakutei and Umehara Ryuzaburo and woodblock printing with Igami Bonkotsu. He exhibited woodblock prints in the ...


Korean, 20th century, female.

Active in France since 1970.

Born 8 October 1943, in Seoul.

Painter. Architectural integration.

Op Art.

Li Jagyong studied in the painting section of Seoul’s Hong-ik University before going to France in 1970 on a French government scholarship, which took her first to Toulouse, and then to the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. She has taught drawing in Seoul and silk-screen printing at St-Ouen, Mézel, the École des Arts Décoratifs in Paris (...


LI Kai  

Chinese, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1947, in Beijing.

Painter. Architectural views.

Li Kai studied at the central academy from 1963 to 1967, where he worked under the direction of Ai Xuan and Sun Weimin. After completing his four years’ military service, he returned to Beijing, where he was appointed painter in residence in the Forbidden City. His work has been exhibited in Japan, Hong Kong, Singapore, the USA and Europe....


Chinese, 20th century, male.

Born 1944, in Shanghai.

Painter. Urban landscapes, architectural views.

Li Zhongliang entered the preparatory school of the academy of fine arts in Zhejiang in 1961 and was selected to take courses in oil painting. On obtaining his diploma he left for Beijing where he became a member of the painting academy. His works depict a silent, sometimes frozen atmosphere of town and suburbs with an almost photographic realism. He took part in many national and international exhibitions. He won the silver medal of the sixth national exhibition of fine arts....



Japanese, 20th century, female.

Born 1941, in Tokyo.

Painter, draughtsman, assemblage artist.

Lumino-Kinetic Art.

Masako studied interior architecture and industrial aesthetics. She makes moving paintings out of coloured discs lit from within that generate disconcerting optical effects through gels. She also produces Poem Designs with delicately coloured encircling lines. In ...


Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born 1922.


Conceptual Art.

Matsuzawa Yutaka graduated in architecture from Waseda University, Tokyo, in 1946. In 1955 he went to the USA, where he spent two years studying the philosophy of religion at Columbia University and gave up architecture. In ...


Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born 1925, in Saitama Prefecture.

Engraver, draughtsman. Prints (woodblock).

Mori entered the department of graphic art at the Tokyo college of arts and trades, then turned to architecture and gained his diploma in 1944. He practises wood engraving and drawing. He took part in exhibitions organised by the association of independent artists and the Japanese academy of engraving and modern art, in which he won a prize in ...


Japanese, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1959 and naturalised in 1981.

Born 26 October 1918, in Ibaki-kin.

Painter, pastellist. Interiors, landscapes, architectural views, still-lifes, flowers.

Murayama Shizuka was a student at the Kawabata Fine Arts Academy in Tokyo from 1934 to 1936. In the 1940s he met the painter Oka, who had a considerable influence on his work, and made friends with Fujita....



Hong Sŏn-p’yo

Korean painter. He is thought to have lived at the time of Paekche (18 bcad 668), one of the Three Kingdoms (see Korea, §I, 2), and may have gone to Japan with a group of Buddhist monks and architects from Paekche whose mission was to build temples. Paekka is believed to have completed the wall paintings at Pŏphŭng Temple, Kangwŏn Province. The architectural style of this temple was followed in contemporary Japanese temples that were named after the kingdom of Paekche. Thus, assuming that Paekka was responsible for the wall paintings, he may have had a considerable influence on contemporary painting in Japan....


Chinese, 20th century, male.

Born 1932, in Jiangsu Province.

Painter. Animals.

Shang Wenbin graduated from the National Taiwan Normal University in 1955, where he had studied under Pu Ru, Huang Junbi and Liao Jichun. He later studied architecture in Belgium at the École Nationale Supérieure. While still abroad, he exhibited at the fifth International Exhibition at São Paulo in ...


Japanese, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1920.

Born 13 May 1886, in Saitama; died 1946.

Painter. Nudes, portraits, landscapes, architectural views, flowers.

Yasushi Tanaka emigrated to the USA in 1904, remaining there until 1920, when he moved to France and settled in Paris. Throughout his life his work bore the traces of his first thrilling encounter with the vastness of the American West, which stood in such contrast to the country of his childhood. And although he preferred the techniques of the French School to traditional Japanese techniques, his work is free of schoolish influence, the purity and harmony of his colours being learnt from nature directly. He exhibited at the Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts and at the Salon d’Automne, the Salon des Indépendants and the Salon des Tuileries....


Japanese, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1955, in Fukui.

Sculptor, installation artist, draughtsman.

Kimio Tsuchiya studied architecture at Nihon University before going to London, where he studied in the sculpture section of the Chelsea School of Art. Since 1983 he has lived and worked in Matsudo, Japan....