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Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 17 August 1932, in Poyanne (Landes).

Sculptor, draughtsman. Monuments, jewels.

Neo-Constructivism.

Vincent Batbedat settled in Paris in 1950 and studied at the École Spéciale d'Architecture and then at the École des Beaux-Arts while attending the Académie Julian. In this period he concentrated on sculpture. In ...

Article

Bauhaus  

Rainer K. Wick

German school of art, design and architecture, founded by Walter Gropius. It was active in Weimar from 1919 to 1925, in Dessau from 1925 to 1932 and in Berlin from 1932 to 1933, when it was closed down by the Nazi authorities. The Bauhaus’s name referred to the medieval Bauhütten or ...

Article

Hans Frei

Swiss architect, sculptor, painter, industrial designer, graphic designer and writer. He attended silversmithing classes at the Kunstgewerbeschule in Zurich from 1924 to 1927. Then, inspired by the Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes (1925), Paris, by the works of Le Corbusier and by a competition entry (...

Article

Russian, 20th century, male.

Born 1889; died 1951.

Painter, draughtsman, graphic designer, architect.

Constructivism.

Iakov Georgievich Chernikov was the pupil of a brother of Alexandre Benois at the academy in St Petersburg. He became a promoter of the Russian avant-garde.

His work can be placed between Suprematism and Constructivism. Above all a graphic designer, he had a remarkable capacity to conceive and design dreamlike machines and architecture. He published two works in ...

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Painter.

The pupil of Marcel Baugniet, a Constructivist painter, Pierre Clarebout ordered his compositions in a much less severely architectural manner than his master, working equally well in pastel and gouache, oil and acrylic paint. His work, which is characterised by delicate chromaticism, is inspired by his interest in music and archaeology....

Article

Allan Doig

Dutch painter, architect, designer and writer. He was officially registered as the son of Wilhelm Küpper and Henrietta Catharina Margadant, but he was so convinced that his mother’s second husband, Theodorus Doesburg, was his father that he took his name. Little is known of his early life, but he began painting naturalistic subjects ...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Active in Todi.

Born 1927, in Rome.

Painter.

Neo-Constructivism, Op Art.

Forma 1 Group.

Although Piero Dorazio first studied architecture at the Università degli Studi in Rome, he soon turned to painting. In 1947 he participated in writing the manifesto Forma I...

Article

Hungarian, 20th century, male.

Active in Germany from 1918, and in Sweden from 1938.

Born 1897; died 1972.

Draughtsman.

Constructivism.

Alfred Forbat was mainly an architect. A student at the technical college in Munich, he worked in Walter Gropius' workshop at the Bauhaus between 1920...

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 1933, in Achel.

Painter, potter.

Neo-Constructivism, Conceptual Art.

Research Group.

Jos Jans was educated at the provincial institute of architecture and the applied arts in Hasselt. He was a founder member of the Research Group . Jans was awarded the Limbourg fine arts prize in ...

Article

John Milner

Russian draughtsman, architect, printmaker, painter, illustrator, designer, photographer, teacher, and theorist.

After attending school in Smolensk, he enrolled in 1909 at the Technische Hochschule, Darmstadt, to study architecture and engineering. He also travelled extensively in Europe, however, and he made a tour of Italy to study art and architecture. He frequently made drawings of the architectural monuments he encountered on his travels. These early graphic works were executed in a restrained, decorative style reminiscent of Russian Art Nouveau book illustration. His drawings of Vitebsk and Smolensk (...

Article

Russian, 20th century, male.

Born 1890 , in Polschinock, in the Smolensk region; died 1941 , in Schodnia, near Moscow.

Architect, painter, sculptor, draughtsman, graphic designer, typographer, poster artist, illustrator, lithographer, photomontage artist, photographer, writer, collage artist. Stage sets.

Constructivism, Suprematism.

Obshchestvo Khudoznikov 4 Iskusstva (Four Arts Society), Vkhutemas...

Article

Hungarian, 20th century, male.

Active from 1933 active in England.

Born 13 June 1899, in Budapest; died 1967, in London.

Painter (mixed media), collage artist, sculptor. Architectural integration.

Constructivism.

MA Group, Artists' International Association.

Laszlo Peri was a mason in Budapest and studied architecture there. He spent time in Vienna and Paris in 1919, and Russia in 1920, before settling in 1921 in Berlin for 13 years. There he worked as an architect for the municipal council. When Hitler came to power in 1933, he moved to London, where he worked as a painter, graphic designer and architect, taking the name Peter Peri. From 1918 to 1920 he produced designs influenced by Central European Expressionism. From 1921 he was with his compatriot Moholy-Nagy in Berlin; he joined the Constructivist movement and was a co-signatory, with Erno Kallai, Moholy-Nagy and Kemeny, of a manifesto on Constructivism in the Berlin magazine ...

Article

Purism  

Judi Freeman and John Musgrove

French movement in painting and architecture. Purism was an aesthetic programme initiated c. 1918 by Amédée Ozenfant and Charles-Edouard Jeanneret (known as Le Corbusier in his architectural work after 1920–21) as a reaction to Cubist painting and ideas that dominated avant-garde art in France before World War I. Above all, Purist philosophy is characterized by an admiration for the beauty and purity of the form of the machine. Ozenfant and Le Corbusier advocated a ...

Article

Polish painter, theoretician, typographer and draughtsman. On completion of his engineering studies at the Moscow Military Academy, he was drafted into the Tsarist army in 1914; seriously wounded, he subsequently began his artistic studies in the post-Revolutionary academies in Moscow, Vkhutemas and Inkhuk. In 1920–22...

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 1880, in Destelbergen; died 1961, in Duffel.

Painter. Figures, genre scenes, interiors with figures, rustic scenes, scenes with figures, architectural views, still-lifes.

Futurism, Constructivism.

Prosper de Troyer was a student at the Academie voor Beeldende Kunsten in Oostakker, and at the Académie in Mechelen....

Article

Russian, 20th century, male.

Born 1883, in Jurevec; died 1959, in Moscow.

Painter, draughtsman, architect. Stage costumes and sets.

Constructivism.

Alexander Vesnin worked as an architect with his two brothers. Some of his achievements include the Drieproghes dam and projects for the Pravda buildings in Leningrad (now St Petersburg). He was also an important theoretician of 'non-objective design' and taught in the Vhutemas....

Article

Dutch, 20th century, male.

Born 1925, in Andijk.

Sculptor, sculptor of assemblages, painter. Architectural integration.

Neo-Constructivism.

Volten worked as a painter and lived in the north of Amsterdam in the industrial district. It was among the workers that he learned to forge, rivet and weld metal after which he launched into sculpture in ...

Article

Dutch painter of German birth. After serving a joinery apprenticeship he started to study interior design and architecture in 1919 at the Kunstgewerbeschule and Technische Hochschule in Hannover. From 1922 he assisted with architectural reliefs in the studio of his teacher Ludwig Vierthaler (b...

Article

Dutch, 20th century, male.

Born 7 March 1900, in Amsterdam; died 1983, in Amsterdam.

Painter, engraver, draughtsman. Figures, scenes with figures, urban landscapes, architectural views.

Constructivism, Futurism, Symbolism, Magic Realism.

Carel Willink studied architecture at the royal institute of engineering in Delft between 1918 and 1920. He then went on to study under Hans Baluschek in Berlin, living there between 1920 and 1923 and mixing with members of ...