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Article

British, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 12 October 1854, in Edinburgh; died 1929, in North Berwick.

Painter (including gouache). Interiors with figures, landscapes, urban landscapes, gardens, urban views, architectural views, interiors, portraits.

Having studied at the Royal Scottish Academy under George Paul Chalmers and MacTaggart, Patrick Adam went on to exhibit at the Royal Scottish Academy at the age of 18 and at the London Royal Academy ...

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Andreas Kreul

German architect, draughtsman, landscape designer and painter. He studied from 1778 to 1783 at the University of Göttingen and the Royal Danish Academy in Copenhagen, where he was awarded four prizes. His early designs included drawings for the hothouse of the botanic gardens in Copenhagen and a lecture room at Schloss Charlottenburg, Berlin. While visiting Paris in ...

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Ingrid Sattel Bernardini

German sculptor, painter and architect. He was the son of a court gardener who worked first in Gotha and then in Württemberg. He was originally intended to become an architect; in 1747 Duke Charles-Eugene of Württemberg sent him to train in Paris where, under the influence of painters such as Charles-Joseph Natoire and François Boucher, he turned to painting. The eight-year period of study in Rome that followed prompted Beyer to devote himself to sculpture, as he was impressed by antique works of sculpture and was also influenced by his close contacts with Johann Joachim Winckelmann and his circle. He also served an apprenticeship with ...

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 1937, in Ukkel.

Painter, draughtsman. Landscapes, architectural views, gardens, flowers. Stage costumes and sets.

Painted nostalgic views of baroque and Romanesque châteaux, royal gardens, landscapes and flowers.

Bosquet, Thierry/Dasnoy, Philippe: Versailles Disparu, Société des Amis de Versailles, Éd. Acatos, Lausanne, 2001....

Article

Paulo J. V. Bruna

Brazilian landscape architect, painter and designer. He studied painting at a private school in Berlin from 1928 to 1929, and during this time he frequently went to the Botanical Gardens at Dahlem to study the collections of plants that were arranged in geographical groupings, providing useful lessons in botany and ecology. He thus learnt to appreciate many examples of Brazilian flora that were rarely used in Brazilian gardens, an experience that had a lasting effect on him. In ...

Article

Brazilian, 20th century, male.

Born 1909, in São Paulo.

Painter, architect, landscape artist. Landscapes, still-lifes. Murals.

Burle-Max left for Germany in 1929 where he discovered modern art. On his return to Rio de Janeiro in 1930, he was encouraged to paint landscapes by the architect Lucio Costa. In ...

Article

Cornish  

Keith N. Morgan

American town and former artists’ colony in the state of New Hampshire. Situated on a line of hills near the eastern bank of the Connecticut River c. 160 km north-west of Boston, Cornish looks across to Windsor, VT, and Mt Ascutney. It was settled in ...

Article

Italian, 19th century, male.

Active in Dublin at the beginning of the 19th century.

Born 1770, in Rome; died 1828.

Painter. Landscapes, urban landscapes, gardens, ruins, architectural views, architectural interiors.

Gaspare Gabrielli appears to have studied in Rome. He arrived in Dublin prior to 1811...

Article

Chinese, 17th century, male.

Activec.1623-1631.

Born in Siming (Zhejiang).

Painter, draughtsman. Landscapes, architectural views, gardens, birds, flowers.

Gao Yang was the son-in-law of Zhao Bei. He painted mostly flowers, birds and rocks, but towards the end of his career also produced landscapes.

Cologne (Mus. für Ostasiatische Kunst): ...

Article

Cinzia Maria Sicca

English architect, painter, landscape gardener and designer. He was the most exuberant and innovative architect and designer active in England in the first half of the 18th century. He was trained as a painter but was not particularly successful or remarkable in this work, showing greater skill as a draughtsman. As an architect he was highly versatile, practising in both the Palladian and Gothick styles, and this versatility extended to his work as a designer, which included interior decoration, furniture and silverware, book illustration, stage sets and gardens....

Article

David R. Coffin

Italian architect, painter, draughtsman and antiquary. He is best known for his designs for the Casino of Pius IV in the Vatican and his gardens for the Villa d’Este at Tivoli, which greatly influenced Renaissance garden design. His work reflects his interest in the reconstruction of Classical antiquity, although this was sometimes based on fragmentary information, and his painting and architecture are closely dependent on classicism with a richness of detail associated with Roman Imperial art....

Article

Australian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 25 February 1855, in Melbourne; died 20 December 1917, in South Yarra.

Painter. Scenes with figures, genre scenes, landscapes, urban landscapes, architectural views, boats, gardens.

Frederick McCubbin trained at the newly established School of Design at the National Gallery of Melbourne in 1871. He stayed briefly in Europe in 1907. His works are close to those of his contemporaries, the French Impressionists. Like them, he painted out of doors, depicting everyday scenes in muted, neutral colours. His sober compositions testify to his deep attachment to his native Australia....

Article

British, 19th century, male.

Born 19 February 1793, in Chester-le-Street; died 2 March 1881, in London.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, draughtsman. Hunting scenes, landscapes with figures, landscapes, architectural views, gardens, seascapes.

William Andrews Nesfield graduated from Trinity College, Cambridge. He was initially a soldier, but retired after a number of campaigns with the rank of lieutenant. He was an associate, and then a member, of the Society of Painters in Watercolours and exhibited ...

Article

Keith N. Morgan

American architect, garden designer, etcher, and painter. He was brought up in New York, where he began his artistic training in 1878 at the National Academy of Design and the Art Students League. The following summer he was introduced to the recently revived art of etching, and he quickly achieved critical recognition for his work in this medium. He continued to etch for most of his life, concentrating on coastal scenes in which he strove to capture the atmospheric interaction of light, air, and water. In ...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 16 October 1861, in New York; died 12 September 1933, in Cornish.

Painter, engraver, architect, garden designer. Seascapes, landscapes, interiors.

Charles Adams Platt was a student of the National Academy of Design, the Art Students League of New York and of Lefebvre and Boulanger in Paris. He belonged to the American Federation of the Arts. He won a bronze medal at the Paris Exhibition of ...

Article

Jean de Cayeux

French painter, draughtsman, etcher and landscape designer. He was one of the most prolific and engaging landscape painters in 18th-century France. He specialized in architectural scenes in which topographical elements derived from the buildings and monuments of ancient and modern Italy and of France are combined in often fantastic settings or fictitious juxtapositions. The fluid touch and rich impasto employed in his paintings, also shared by his friend Jean-Honoré Fragonard, are matched by the freedom of his numerous red chalk drawings and the few etchings that he is known to have produced....

Article

Rococo  

Richard John and Ludwig Tavernier

A decorative style of the early to mid-18th century, primarily influencing the ornamental arts in Europe, especially in France, southern Germany and Austria. The character of its formal idiom is marked by asymmetry and naturalism, displaying in particular a fascination with shell-like and watery forms. Further information on the Rococo can be found in this dictionary within the survey articles on the relevant countries....

Article

Ukrainian, 20th century, male.

Born 1925, in Kertch (Crimea).

Painter, draughtsman. Historical subjects, genre scenes, landscapes, gardens, architectural views, seascapes, flowers.

Piotr Stolerenko attended the Aivazovsky academy of fine arts and was a pupil of Nikolai Barsamov. He was a member of the Association of Artists of Revolutionary Russia, and was named Artist of the People. He lived in Yalta and liked to express the gentleness and light of the Crimea in his landscapes. He also painted historical revolutionary paintings. He participated in important official exhibitions in his country, and he was one of the artists representing 'Russian Art' in London in ...

Article

Yugoslav, 20th century, male.

Active in France.

Born 11 November 1936, in Vodenica, Bosnia.

Painter. Scenes with figures, interiors with figures, urban landscapes, architectural views, gardens, still-lifes.

Marco Stupar took drawing classes in Belgrade from 1961 to 1964, then settled in Paris. He painted the popular streets and public gardens of Paris with figures, and captured the atmosphere of Venice caffés and the intimate, serene charm of interiors, using ranges of yellows, reds, blues and oranges. He was awarded a silver medal in 1978 and a gold medal in 1981 by the Salon des Artistes Français. In 1981, he was appointed a member of the Taylor Foundation in Paris....

Article

Monica E. Kupfer

Panamanian painter, ceramicist, printmaker, tapestry designer and landscape architect. He studied both architecture and painting in Panama, holding his first exhibition in 1953; he then continued his studies in Madrid (1954–8) at the Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando, at the Escuela de Cerámica de la Moncloa and at the Escuela Superior de Arquitectura. In ...