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Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1897, in Topeka (Kansas); died 1966, in Albuquerque.

Painter. Landscapes.

Kenneth Miller Adams was a landscape artist who exhibited at the Salon d'Automne in 1922.

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in France.

Born 1861, in Columbus (Ohio); died 1936, in Giverny, France.

Painter. Figures, portraits, interiors with figures, landscapes with figures, waterscapes, winter landscapes, harbour views, gardens.

Theodore Butler studied under Monet and lived in Giverny. He married Monet's stepdaughter Suzanne Hoshedé in ...

Article

Phoebe Cutler

American landscape designer and writer. Church was educated at the University of California, Berkeley (1918–23), and at the Harvard Graduate School of Design (1923/4–6) before opening his office in San Francisco in 1932. Most of his work was in residential districts. In San Francisco he was faced with small plots and steep, hillside sites. Here and in the suburban and central valley areas, where he also worked, he confronted the post-war reality of a changing, often intensive use of the garden and a reduced level of maintenance. Whereas Church’s traditional training in the Italian Renaissance and Baroque had presented him with pergolas and fountains, the California lifestyle demanded swimming pools and barbecues. Influenced by the ...

Article

Eleanor M. McPeck

American landscape architect and writer. He was a descendant of Moses Cleveland, who came from Ipswich, England, in 1635, and his father, Richard Jaffry Cleveland, was a sea captain. Cleveland gained early agricultural experience in Cuba while his father served as Vice-Consul in Havana. On his return to the USA after ...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1861, in Hartford (Kentucky); died 1942.

Painter, pastellist. Figures, nudes, portraits, genre scenes, interiors with figures, landscapes with figures, landscapes, gardens.

Cragsmoor Artists' Colony.

Charles Courtney Curran studied in turn in Cincinnati, at the Fine Arts Academy, at the Art Students League in New York and, in 1888, at the Académie Julian in Paris under Benjamin-Constant, Jules Lefebvre and H. Lucien Doucet. He returned to Paris on a number of occasions, but from 1903 lived mainly at the Cragsmoor artists' colony....

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1872, in Boston (Massachusetts); died 1945.

Painter. Portraits, landscapes, animals.

Robert Franz Curry was primarily a landscape artist. Born at the time of the Impressionist movement, he was part of a generation of artists who showed great sensitivity to the influence of the seasons and the weather on the landscape. In the titles of his paintings he often refers to the time of day, the season and the weather, with terms such as 'at twilight', 'winter's day' and 'snowy'....

Article

Patrick A. Snadon

American architect. From the 1830s to the 1850s he was one of the most influential architects in the USA. His work ranges from major government and institutional buildings to ornamental garden structures; his main contribution to American architecture was his introduction of the European Picturesque in his designs for Italianate and Gothic Revival country houses and cottages. With his partner, ...

Article

Mary M. Tinti

Architecture, design and conceptual art partnership. Diller Scofidio + Renfro [Diller + Scofidio] was formed in 1979 by Elizabeth Diller (b Lodz, Poland, 1954) and Ricardo Scofidio (b New York, NY, 1935) as an interdisciplinary design practice based in New York....

Article

Arthur Channing Downs

American writer, horticulturist, landscape gardener and architect. From the age of seven he was trained in the family nursery garden by his elder brother Charles Downing (1802–85), an experimental horticulturist. Before he was 15, Downing came under the influence of André Parmentier (...

Article

Keith N. Morgan

American landscape architect, regional planner and writer. He was the son of Charles W. Eliot, the influential reforming president of Harvard College (1869–1909). He inherited much of his father’s broad vision and organizational talent, and he applied these to his interest in landscape preservation....

Article

Gordon Campbell

American silversmith and clockmaker. He was primarily a merchant, but his workshop produced a small number of pieces that can now be identified. His diary is concerned in large part with his passion for gardening, but is also a valuable resource for the American silver trade in the late 18th century....

Article

American landscape designer. Born into a well connected family, she was introduced to important European gardens by her aunt, Edith Wharton. Farrand studied horticulture with Charles Sprague Sargent (1841–1927) at the Arnold Arboretum in Boston, MA, and in 1895 began practising as a landscape designer in New York. In ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1953, in Cleveland (Ohio).

Painter. Landscapes.

April Gornik's paintings reflect her deep knowledge of 19th-century landscape artists. Her work does not quote directly from earlier works, however, and is distinguished by her detached vision, resolutely avoiding any hint of Romanticism. Her work has featured in a number of group exhibitions and one-woman shows, including ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 12 March 1886, in Colorado; died 1939.

Painter, watercolourist. Landscapes.

Robert Hallowell worked in the south of France. He was a landscape artist who rendered the slightest variations in temperature with great sensitivity.

New York, 21 Jan 1987: Still-life with Tulips...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 4 January 1853, in Paris; died 1926.

Painter. Landscapes with figures, landscapes, animals.

George Inness Junior was the son and pupil of the landscape artist George Inness. He has an important place in the American School. He was a member of the National Academy ...

Article

American, 19th century, male.

Born 20 February 1829, in Philadelphia; died 23 April 1905, in Palm Beach (Florida).

Painter, dramatic artist.

Joseph Jefferson was very well known as an actor in America, but also as a landscape artist. Several of his works are in various American museums. He owned a large collection of paintings which was sold in New York on ...

Article

Robert E. Grese

American landscape architect of Danish birth. He began building his reputation as a designer in 1888 when he delighted the Chicago public with his design for the American Garden in Union Park. With it he set the tone for a lifetime of creating natural parks and gardens. During a stormy career with Chicago’s West Parks, Jensen reshaped Union, Humboldt, Garfield, and Douglas parks. His work on Columbus Park (...

Article

Joan Marter

American environmental artist. Johanson is known for art projects created in the natural landscape that solve environmental problems. She is considered a pioneer in ecological art and has made permanent installations in gardens and parks in the United States and abroad. Johanson was born in New York City, where she was a frequent visitor to parks designed by Frederick Law Olmsted. She graduated from Bennington College where she studied with sculptor Tony Smith. While at Bennington (...

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Active in France.

Born 1876, in New York.

Painter, pastellist. Portraits, genre scenes, landscapes.

Elisabeth Kruseman van Elten was the daughter of the landscape artist Hendrick Dirk. She studied under G. Courtois and R. Collin.

Article

Pamela H. Simpson

American sculptor and educator. A specialist in animal sculpture, Albert Laessle spent most of his life and career in Philadelphia. In 1894, he began attending classes at the Spring Garden Institute and the Drexel Institute before entering the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts in 1900...