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Cao Fei  

Chinese, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1978, in Guangzhou, China.

Photographer, performance artist. Video, multimedia.

Cao Fei graduated from the Guangzhou Academy of Fine Arts in 2001, having attended middle school at the same institution four years earlier. She was a co-founder of the partnership Ou Ning + Cao Fei. Her early photography and subsequent interactive sound and video-game environments, or ‘machinima’, emerged from her initial interest in commercial advertising and electronic entertainment videos. Her works often blur reality by involving virtual cosplay figures who imitate manga superhero figures, often artist friends or youths. These performances take place in the urban environment and engage the art world with virtual economies, as well as linking to the rapid modernization and consumerism emerging within China since the turn of the century. She has become known for her ongoing experimental, animated, ethnographic documentary that engages the online world of Second Life to create the virtual RMB City. The video was first shown at the Venice Biennale (China Tracy Pavilion, ...

Article

Aileen June Wang

American performance and video artist of Chinese ancestry. Chang earned a Bachelor of Arts degree from the University of California, San Diego in 1994. She showed her first solo exhibition at Jack Tilton Gallery, New York, in 1999. Her body of work focused on how people can be deceived, either through sight—what one sees is not necessarily true—or through mainstream assumptions about such topics as Asia, sexuality, and socially accepted behavior. Chang attributed her past stint in a cybersex company as the catalyst for exploring illusion as a theme. She realized that video flattened three-dimensional, live performances into a stream of two-dimensional images, enabling her to engage in visual deception....

Article

Susan Kart

(b Nairobi, 1958). Kenyan photographer, multimedia and performance artist, and teacher of Indian descent, active in the USA. DeSouza was born in Kenya to Indian parents. Raised in London from the age of 7, he called his background that of a ‘double colonial history’. DeSouza attended Goldsmiths College in London and the Bath Academy of Art, and although he has worked primarily in photography and as a writer on contemporary art, he has also branched out into performance art, digital painting, and textual and mixed media arts. He moved to the USA in ...

Article

Israeli, 20th century, male.

Born 1936.

Performance artist, installation artist. Multimedia.

Educated on a kibbutz, he expresses himself through performances, such as Ararat Express, given in Lyons in spring 1987, as well as through exhibitions, notably that of the same year at the Museum of Israeli Art Ramat Gan....

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Painter, decorative artist, installation artist, performance artist. Multimedia.

Hibino Katsuhito graduated from the design division of the fine arts department of Tokyo University of Fine Arts and Music in 1982. He takes part in group exhibitions. He took part in the Sixth Sydney Biennial, and exhibited his work in a one-man show at Hajuku, Japan, in ...

Article

Chinese, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1964, in Hong Kong.

Performance artist. Mixed media, multimedia.

Ho Siu Kee received a B.A. in Fine Arts from the Chinese University of Hong Kong (1989), an M.F.A. in Sculpture from the Cranbrook Academy of Art, Michigan (...

Article

Rachel K. Ward

Japanese electronic composer and sound artist, active also in France. He is best known for composing reductionist sounds of extreme frequencies, employing sine waves, electronic sounds, and white noise; these are often presented as ambient soundscapes in immersive installations made of light and/or projected visualizations of data. Ikeda originally trained in Japan as an economist. He began composing music in the 1990s, focusing on Minimalism with a curiosity for the duality of mathematics, specifically the binary patterns of 0s and 1s of digital software. His compositions continued the investigations of John Cage and Morton Feldman in exploring the potential differences between tones. Ikeda’s initial albums were ...

Article

Mary Chou

Palestinian conceptual artist. Jacir’s works use a variety of media including film, photography, installation, performance, video, sound, sculpture and painting. Jacir was raised in Saudi Arabia and attended high school in Rome, Italy. She received her BA from the University of Dallas, Irving, TX in ...

Article

Japanese, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 16 January 1957, in Tokyo.

Installation artist, performance artist.

Miyajima recreates the frenzy of modern life through his art, making installations of electronic components and digital LED counters which create the effect of vibration and agitation.

2000, Between Cinema and a Hard Place...

Article

Catherine M. Grant and Jennifer Way

Japanese photographer, video artist, performance artist, sculptor, installation artist and painter. Mori studied fashion at the Bunka Fashion Institute in Tokyo from 1986 to 1988 and worked part-time as a model before moving to London to study at the Shaw School of Art (1988–9...

Article

Kevin Concannon

Japanese multimedia artist, composer, and musician, active also in the USA and the UK. Born into a prominent Japanese banking family, Ono spent her childhood living in both America and Japan following her father’s banking career. She became the first female student to enter the philosophy course at Gakushiun University in Tokyo in ...

Article

Korean, 20th century, male.

Active in Germany and the USA.

Born 20 June 1932, in Seoul; died 29 January 2006, in Miami.

Installation artist, performance artist, video artist. Multimedia.

Neo-Dadaism, Fluxus, Cyber Art.

Paik Nam June’s family fled to Hong Kong, and later to Japan at the onslaught of the Korean War. He studied the history of art and music in Tokyo and continued his musical studies at Munich University and Freiburg Conservatory. During his studies, he was introduced to electronic music by Karlheinz Stockhausen and became friends with John Cage. In ...

Article

Mick Hartney

South Korean video artist, performance artist, musician, sculptor, film maker, writer, and teacher, active in Germany and the USA (see fig.). From 1952 to 1956 he studied music and aesthetics at the University of Tokyo. In 1956 he moved to the Federal Republic of Germany: he studied music at the Ludwig-Maximilians Universität, Munich, and worked with the composer ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in Belgium.

Born 1947, in Brooklyn (New York City).

Painter, sculptor, performance artist, video artist, assemblage artist, musician.

Charlemagne Palestine lives and works in Brussels. He is a multimedia artist who experiments with all forms of art: painting, sculpture, music, video and performance....

Article

Chinese, 20th – 21st century, female.

Active in Berlin and Beijing.

Born 1954, in Qingdao (Shandong Province), China.

Performance artist. Mixed media and multimedia.

Qin Yufen grew up during the Cultural Revolution in China. In the 1970s, she experimented with abstraction and participated in the exhibitions of the No Name Painting Society, founded by Zhao Wenliang and Yang Yushu. Qin Yufen was one of the few female members of the society. By the early 1980s, Qin Yufen had already developed ideas for a number of installation projects. Many of these projects were executed after she moved to Berlin in ...

Article

Midori Yoshimoto

Japanese sculptor, installation and video artist . Torimitsu received a BFA in sculpture at Tama Art University (1994) and, soon after her university graduation, she completed Miyata Jiro, a life-size robot of a stereotypical Japanese businessman, and made it crawl on the pavements of various districts in Tokyo. Perhaps because of its candid critique of Japanese corporate culture, businessmen in Marunouchi district pretended not to look at the robot, while it attracted large crowds elsewhere. In order to study varying reactions to her robot in different social settings, Torimitsu moved to New York in ...

Article

Japanese, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1947, in Gifu Prefecture.

Happenings artist.

Tetsuya Watanabe studied at the school of fine art in Tokyo, where he settled in 1952. Of his happenings, films and sound recordings, he has remarked: ‘As a contemporary artist I wish to establish a more progressive and dialectic connection between the vision and physiological thought of human beings, and the mechanics of the media which will enable us to obtain yet another new vision’....

Article

Andrew Cross

English sculptors, video artists and performance artists. John Wood (b Hong Kong, 18 June 1969) and Paul Harrison (b Wolverhampton, 30 November 1966) both graduated as painters from Bath College of Higher Education and began working together in 1993. Their collaborative video works involve both artists performing bizarre but very simple actions. While referencing the early videos and performances of Bruce Nauman or Charles Ray, the humour and irony of their work is more reminiscent of British television comedy of the 1960s and 1970s. In ...

Article

Chinese-Australian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1956, in Hong Kong.

Painter, performance artist, writer. Multimedia.

John Zerunge Young emigrated from Hong Kong for Australia in 1967 during Hong Kong’s period of unrest and riots. He spent his formal school years in Sydney and went on to study philosophy at the city’s university. His interest in painting, however, remained a constant part of his early childhood, and he furthered his studies in painting and sculpture at the Sydney College of the Arts. It was there that he came into contact with a number of leading visual artists of the time, including the conceptual artist Imants Tillers. Young’s investigation into Western late modernism prompted a period in which his works dealt with themes of his dual nationality and the diasporic Chinese communities in Australia. Young has participated in many regional group travelling exhibitions. In ...

Article

Chinese, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in New York and Shanghai.

Born 1965, in China.

Performance artist, installation artist. Multimedia.

Prior to moving to the United States in 1998, Zhang Huan spent much of his artistic career using his body as a canvas. This approach came more out of necessity than through choice, as his impoverished upbringing in Henan Province provided little in terms of financing artistic pursuits. Nonetheless, at elementary school, he became accomplished in drawing and painting, yet he moved on from his interest in these mediums in ...