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Article

Gordon Campbell

Name of at least four potters in Staffordshire in the late 18th century and early 19th. The most distinguished William Adams (1746–1805) was the founder of Greengates Pottery, where the design and high quality of his jasper ware has led to the mistaken inference that he had been trained by Josiah Wedgwood; in fact he trained with John Brindley, brother of the canal builder James Brindley. His wares, of which some 300 examples are known to survive, are stamped Adams and Co. Apart from jasper ware, he also made underglaze blue-printed ware. He was succeeded by his son Benjamin, who ran the business until its closure in ...

Article

Agano  

Richard L. Wilson

Japanese region in Buzen Province (now part of Fukuoka Prefect.), northern Kyushu, where stonewares were manufactured at various sites from c. 1600 (see also Japan, §IX, 3, (i), (d)).

The first potter to make Agano ware was the Korean master Chon’gye (Jap. Sonkai; ...

Article

Carlos Cid Priego

Spanish sculptor and ceramicist. He moved to Madrid at an early age and was apprenticed to the French sculptor Robert Michel (i), who was employed at the court. He won first prize in a competition at the Real Academia de Bellas Artes, and organized the royal workshop for the carving of precious stones, where he executed two magnificent cameo portraits of ...

Article

Gordon Campbell

Spanish pottery manufactory. In 1727 a pottery factory was established in Alcora, in the Catalan province of Castellón (see also Valencia, §3). The most important products of the factory in its early years were plaques and glazed floor titles; the plaques were typically decorated with biblical or mythological scenes set within moulded frames, and the floor tiles used religious motifs (for churches and convents) and secular subjects such as maps and theatrical scenes. Later in the century the factory began to produce tableware, notably fruit bowls, sugar bowls, and pyramidical centrepieces. At the end of the 18th century Italian models were displaced by French design, and the factory began to produce tableware of soft porcelain in the Sèvres style. In this period the factory also started to manufacture the polychrome earthenware terrines known as ...

Article

Gordon Campbell

Dutch porcelain factory near Amsterdam, originally founded at Weesp (1764; see Weesp Porcelain Factory), then moved to Oude Loosdrecht (1771), Oude Amstel (1784) and Nieuwe Amstel (1799); it closed in 1810 (see Netherlands, Kingdom of the, §VII, 3...

Article

Gordon Campbell

French pottery manufactory. In 1744 Jacques Lallemant, Baron d’Aprey, established a pottery on his estate at Aprey (near Dijon.). In 1760 his brother Joseph joined the factory, and the brothers engaged the Swiss pottery painter Protaix Pidoux (who had been working in the Mennecy Porcelain Factory...

Article

Gordon Campbell

French pottery manufactory in Le Castellet, near Apt (about 65 km north of Marseille) established in 1723 by César Moulin, who produced a distinctive marbled yellow-glazed pottery; the designs are modelled on English pottery (perhaps Wedgwood), and look more English than French. The success of this pottery encouraged others to open in and around Apt, which is still an important pottery centre....

Article

Arita  

Hiroko Nishida

Region in Japan, now part of Saga Prefecture, and the name of a type of porcelain first produced there during the early Edo period (1600–1868). The ware was originally known as Imari yaki (‘Imari ware’) because it was shipped from the port of Imari (Saga Prefect.). During the Meiji period (...

Article

German, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born c. c. 1766, in Heinitz, a village near Meissen; died 1828.

Painter (including gouache/porcelain), draughtsman. Landscapes, flowers.

A pupil of the Meissen porcelain factory's art school, in particular of Christian Lindner, Arnhold was appointed court drawing master and painter. From ...

Article

French, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1760, in Strasbourg; died c. 1831, in Paris.

Painter.

Baltz executed miniatures on porcelain, his subjects being portraits and landscapes. The miniatures are dispersed across various art collections in France, Russia and Germany.

London, 28 June 1962: Three Children in a Landscape, One Playing with a Bird...

Article

Swiss, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1744, in Basel; died 1818, in Berlin.

Sculptor.

Until 1775, Emmanuel Bardou was a modeller for the royal porcelain manufacturer in Berlin. He exhibited a bronze statuette of Frederick the Great in 1786, a statue of Schwerin in 1787...

Article

French, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born at the end of the 18th century or the beginning of the 19th century, in Lyons.

Miniaturist.

Worked with porcelain and enamel in Munich around 1830. Specialised in landscapes.

Article

Gordon Campbell

Type of German glazed stoneware jug produced from the 15th century through to the 19th, and known in English from the 17th century as the bellarmine, the eponym of which was Cardinal Roberto Bellarmino (1542–1621), who was detested in England because of his anti-Protestant polemics. The jugs, which are decorated with the moulded face of a bearded man (sometimes with a coat-of-arms below it) are also known as ‘Greybeards’ and as ‘d’Alva bottles’; the latter name alludes to the third Duke of Alba (...

Article

Gordon Campbell

French centre of ceramics production. A pottery was founded in the village of Bellvue (near Toul, in Meurthe-et-Moselle) in 1758. In 1771 it passed into the hands of Charles Bayard (former director of the Lunéville pottery) and François Boyer, who in 1773 were given the right to style the pottery ‘Manufacture Royale de Bellevue’. Bayard left in ...

Article

Gordon Campbell

English pottery factory established in the Derbyshire village of Belper in the mid-18th century. It made light brown stoneware, and became well-known for its grotesque portraits of reform leaders. In 1834 the pottery was closed and moved to Derby.

Article

Gordon Campbell

German centre of ceramics production.The term ‘Bernburg Pottery’ is used to describe both Prehistoric pottery made in Thuringia c. 3000 bc, and the product of two faience factories that flourished in the 18th century. The first operated from c. 1725 to c. 1775, and produced blue-and-white wares (e.g. chinoiserie vase, ...

Article

John Mawer

English ceramic artist and porcelain manufacturer. In 1774 he was apprenticed to William Duesbury at the Derby porcelain factory, where his father, William Billingsley (d 1770), was a flower painter. He became one of their chief flower painters and some ten years later developed a new, soft, naturalistic style of painting flower petals on ceramics that came to be widely, though poorly, imitated at other English factories. His innovative technique involved painting with a heavily loaded brush, and then wiping away much of the paint with a virtually dry brush to produce more delicate colours and highlights (e.g. two-handled tray, ...

Article

British, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 12 April 1772, in Wolverhampton, in 1762 according to Larousse Dictionary; died 2 November 1819, in London.

Painter. Genre scenes.

Edward Bird first learned his trade in pottery works in Birmingham before moving to Bristol to create a drawing school. He pursued his creative career alongside his teaching activities, painting until his death in ...

Article

Bizen  

Richard L. Wilson

Japanese centre of ceramics production. High-fired ceramic wares were manufactured from the end of the 12th century in and around the village of Inbe, Bizen Province (now Okayama Prefect.). This region had been a centre for manufacturing Sue-style stonewares and Haji-style earthenwares from the 6th century ...

Article

Swiss, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 31 December 1758, in Zollikon, near Zurich; died 25 January 1823, in Feuerthalen.

Painter (gouache), illuminator, draughtsman, engraver. Landscapes.

In his youth, Johann Heinrich Bleuler learnt porcelain painting at the Kilchberg-Schooren works, but gave it up to devote his energies to an artistic career, studying under Heinrich Uster. He then worked for Matthäus Pfenninger in Zurich, producing topographical views of Switzerland. Around ...