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Article

Swiss, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 31 December 1758, in Zollikon, near Zurich; died 25 January 1823, in Feuerthalen.

Painter (gouache), illuminator, draughtsman, engraver. Landscapes.

In his youth, Johann Heinrich Bleuler learnt porcelain painting at the Kilchberg-Schooren works, but gave it up to devote his energies to an artistic career, studying under Heinrich Uster. He then worked for Matthäus Pfenninger in Zurich, producing topographical views of Switzerland. Around ...

Article

Alastair Laing

French painter, draughtsman and etcher. Arguably it was he, more than any other artist, who set his stamp on both the fine arts and the decorative arts of the 18th century. Facilitated by the extraordinary proliferation of engravings, Boucher successfully fed the demand for imitable imagery at a time when most of Europe sought to follow what was done at the French court and in Paris. He did so both as a prolific painter and draughtsman (he claimed to have produced some 10,000 drawings during his career) and through engravings after his works, the commercial potential of which he seems to have been one of the first artists to exploit. He reinvented the genre of the pastoral, creating an imagery of shepherds and shepherdesses as sentimental lovers that was taken up in every medium, from porcelain to toile de Jouy, and that still survives in a debased form. At the same time, his manner of painting introduced the virtuosity and freedom of the sketch into the finished work, promoting painterliness as an end in itself. This approach dominated French painting until the emergence of Neo-classicism, when criticism was heaped on Boucher and his followers. His work never wholly escaped this condemnation, even after the taste for French 18th-century art started to revive in the second half of the 19th century. In his own day, the fact that he worked for both collectors and the market, while retaining the prestige of a history painter, had been both Boucher’s strength and a cause of his decline....

Article

French, 18th – 19th century, male.

Painter, engraver (burin). Allegorical subjects, genre scenes.

Active in Paris around 1780, he was still living in the city in 1815. His works include The Coppersmith, after G.-M. Kraus, the Pottery-Mender, after G.-M. Kraus, Woman Pressing her Breast, and an ...

Article

Flemish School, 18th century, male.

Born 1724, in Bruges.

Engraver.

Paulus Cryffle was a pupil of Jan van Heecke. He was active in Paris from 1741 to 1748 and was appointed director of the Lunéville porcelain works by Stanislas Leczinsky; after the latter's death, Cryffle went to Vienna. He was sent to Prince Charles in Brussels by Empress Maria Theresa....

Article

Czech, 18th – 19th century, male.

Painter (glazed earthenware/porcelain), engraver.

Johann Degotschon worked at the porcelain factory in Proskau (now Proszków) in Silesia and went on to found a porcelain factory at Tillowitz with the backing of Count Praschma in or shortly after 1800.

Article

Hungarian, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 16 March 1764, in Sopron; died c. 1814.

Painter, engraver. Portraits.

Joseph Dorfmeister studied at the Akademie der Bildenden Künste in Vienna. He produced engravings from works by Potter and Ruthart.

Vienna: Portrait of a Man

Article

German, 18th century, male.

Active in Potsdam.

Modeller, painter, engraver.

Johannes Eckstein II exhibited an equestrian statue of Frederick II as a Roman emperor at the Berlin academy in 1786, clay sculptures in 1788, and a painting of The Family of Darius before Alexander the Great...

Article

Italian, 18th century, male.

Painter, engraver.

Angelo Fiaschi was retained from 1757 to 1791 by the Doccia porcelain factory near Florence. Of his engravings, a Body of Christ and Death of a Christian are known.

Article

Italian, 18th century, male.

Active in Este.

Engraver, potter.

Giralomo Franchini engraved illustrations for Ricerche Stor.-Crit. delle Antichita di Este published by Alessi in 1776.

Article

David Alexander

Irish painter, mezzotint-engraver and porcelain manufacturer, active in England. He probably trained in Dublin, benefiting from the example of the portrait painter James Latham. However, there were few opportunities for portrait painters in Dublin, and by 1735 he had moved to London. He was sufficiently established by ...

Article

German, 18th century, male.

Painter, engraver.

Christian Gotthelf Grossmann was a flower painter at the Meissen porcelain factory. His best-known engravings include Cavalry Division and 12 plates of Landscapes after J. Georg Wagner, as well as some plates of flowers and fruit. The prints collection in Berlin has a watercolour by Grossmann, ...

Article

Italian, 18th century, male.

Born 7 March 1686; died 24 August 1746.

Painter (porcelain/glazed earthenware), engraver (etching).

Francesco Antonio Saverio Grue II was a pupil of the painter Giovanni Lavalle in Penna. He studied medicine in Teramo and Naples, and law in Rome. Upon returning to Castelli, the village where he was born, he worked for noble families and founded an earthenware factory in Bussi (in the province of Aquila). His first preserved work is a painting on earthenware depicting ...

Article

German, 18th – 19th century, male.

Active in Meissen.

Born 27 November 1749; died 17 April 1831.

Painter, engraver.

Georg Wilhelm Grünewald, a son of the porcelain painter Georg Andreas Grünewald, studied at the academy of art in Dresden before working at the Meissen porcelain factory. He produced pen-and-ink and wash drawings and engraved ...

Article

Norman Stretton

English engraver and painter. He was apprenticed to George Anderton, an engraver, in Birmingham on 28 January 1745. In 1756 he joined the Worcester Porcelain Company of Dr John Wall (1708–76). He became a partner in the firm in March 1772. At Worcester, Hancock engraved copperplates for transfer-printing on porcelain. Many designs were adapted from contemporary engravings and paintings, particularly those of the French schools; such romantic scenes as ...

Article

Danish, 18th – 19th century, male.

Active in Paris.

Draughtsman, engraver, lithographer.

Vilhelm Heuer engraved Portraits. He made lithographs after P. Potter, C. Vernet and H. Vernet.

Article

German, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1759, in Hinter-Jessen (Pirna), Saxony; died 1826, in Dresden.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver.

Johann Jentzsch learned to paint very young, secretly, then went to work at the Meissen porcelain works. By 1780, he was considered a skilled landscape painter. In ...

Article

German, 18th century, male.

Born 1748, in Bayreuth; died 1789, in Augsburg.

Painter, miniaturist, engraver (etching).

Friedrich Kirschner was a pupil of Gottlieb F. Riedl in Ludwigsburg, and then went into porcelain manufacturing. After that, he went to Nuremberg, then Altdorf, where he painted for the botanical gardens. He also worked in Augsburg. He painted and engraved mainly flowers, fruit and insects, with great delicacy and talent. He is also known for landscapes and for 28 plates for ...

Article

Italian, 18th century, male.

Active in France.

Born 10 April 1717, in Urbino; died 2 May 1786, in Chaumont-sur-Loire, France.

Sculptor, engraver, potter. Portraits, landscapes. Medallions.

Jean-Baptiste Nini was the son of the painter Domenico Antonio Nini. In the 1730s, he frequented the circle of the Accademia Clementina in Bologna, where he learned to draw and model in clay. In ...

Article

British, 17th – 18th century, male.

Born 1647, in Dinsdalen, County Durham; died 1728, in York.

Painter, engraver, draughtsman, potter. Landscapes, animals, botanical subjects.

Francis Place worked as a lawyer in Gray's Inn, London and pursued painting, drawing and engraving in his spare time. In 1965 he met Wenceslaus Hollar, the Bohemian engraver who was responsible for introducing the topographical style of painting into Britain. With financial assistance from his family, he gave up the law and returned to Northumbria to devote his time to art. He became close friends with Holler and he began to frequent the group of artistic and scientific scholars known as the 'York Virtuosi' who formed around the historical diarist, Ralph Thoresby....

Article

David Blayney Brown

English draughtsman, printmaker and potter. Of a Yorkshire family living in Durham, Place was intended for the Bar, and he entered Gray’s Inn, London, in 1665. However, a meeting with Wenzel Hollar confirmed his early inclination to art. Place was collaborating with him as early as ...