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Mary S. Lawton

Site of a Neolithic village 10 km east of Xi’an, Shaanxi Province, China, from which is derived the name of the early phase (c. 4800–c. 4300 bc) of the Neolithic Central Yangshao culture. Archaeological excavations began in 1953; within an area of 5 hectares, 45 residences and more than 200 tombs were revealed. Subsequent carbon-14 tests dated the site to soon after ...



Julia M. White

Site in the Tao River valley near Lanzhou, Gansu Province, China. First excavated in 1924 by the Swedish archaeologist johan gunnar Andersson (1874–1960), it gives its name to a phase (c. 2800–c. 2300 bc) of the Neolithic-period Western or Gansu Yangshao culture....



Robert E. Murowchick

Site of a Neolithic village in Yuyao County, Zhejiang Province, China. It was excavated in 1973–4 and 1977–8. Of the four cultural layers identified, the upper two layers (1 and 2), radiocarbon dated to c. 3700 bc, correspond to the neighbouring Songze culture. The lower two layers (3 and 4), radiocarbon dated to the late 6th millennium ...


J. Edward Kidder jr

Site on a terrace along the River Ōyu near the Ōyu hot spring, Rokkaku City, Akita Prefecture, Japan. The largest of the stone circle sites in northern Japan, the Ōyu site has been known since 1931, was investigated in 1941 and excavated in 1951–2 under the auspices of the Cultural Properties Protection Committee. Associated pottery, which includes strange and unusual shapes not seen elsewhere, dates the circles to ...


Robert W. Bagley

Site in Huangpi County, Hubei Province, China, north of the modern city of Wuhan. The remains of a small city occupied during the Erligang period (c. 1500– c. 1300 bc), shortly after the middle of the second millennium bc, were excavated at the site in ...