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Bruce A. Coats

Japanese garden in the city of Mito, Ibaraki Prefecture. Together with the Kōrakuen in Okayama (see Okayama, §2) and the Kenrokuen in Kanazawa (see Kanazawa, §2, (ii)), it is considered one of Japan’s three notable daimyo gardens. In 1665 Tokugawa Mitsukuni (...


Monique Riccardi-Cubitt

French term used to describe artefacts made in Turkey, or in France by Turkish craftsmen, and by derivation the influence on French design of elements from the Byzantine Empire, the Saljuq Islamic period and the Ottoman Empire. Specific motifs, borrowed from the original Turkish carpets, included arabesques or stylized flowers and vegetal scrolls and decorative animal forms—also included within the generic term ‘grotesques’—from the Renaissance onwards. From the Middle Ages inventories and accounts record objects ...