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Article

Persian School, 14th – 15th century, male.

Active at the end of the 14th and at the beginning of the 15th century.

Painter.

Abd al Havy was a pupil of Shams al Din. In 1393, Tamburlaine (Timur) took him to Samarkand, where it is believed that he ran the city’s artistic workshops. No work has been attributed to him with any certainty....

Article

Persian School, 16th century, male.

Active at the end of the 16th century.

Born to a family originally from Shiraz.

Painter, draughtsman.

Abdous Samad worked at the Persian court and while there was chosen by the Mogul Emperor Humayun to teach drawing both to himself and to his son Akbar, the heir to the throne. He took over from Mir Sayid Ali and completed the illumination of the poet Amir-Hamzah, who recounted the adventures of the uncle of Mohammed. He ended his days as head of the royal treasury....

Article

Indian, 16th century, male.

Painter, miniaturist.

Abdus Samad was born in Shiraz, Iran. He was a renowned painter, calligrapher, and an influential figure in miniature painting. He was brought, along with Mir Sayyid Ali, to India by the Mughal emperor Humayun (1530–1540 and 1555–1556...

Article

Persian School, 15th – 16th century, male.

Active in Tabriz.

Miniaturist.

Aga-Mirek acquired a considerable reputation at the same time as the master Behzad, who like Aga-Mirek, was responsible for the distinctive style regarded as the flowering of Persian miniature painting.

London (British Mus.): 1539-1543, five miniatures, attributed...

Article

Persian School, 14th century, male.

Painter.

Ahmad Mousa worked as an artist between 1317 and 1335, and is considered to be the founder of classical Persian painting. There are a number of manuscripts preserved in Istanbul featuring paintings attributed to him.

Article

Persian School, 13th century, male.

Active at the beginning of the 13th century.

Born probably, in Wasit.

Painter.

Yahya ibn Mahmud al-Wasiti was a painter and calligrapher. He provided illustrations for a manuscript of al-Hariri’s Assemblies ( Maqamat) dated 1237 and now in the Bibliothèque Nationale in Paris. The stylistic discrepancies between the different miniatures that appear in this manuscript make it difficult to discern the originality of al-Wasiti....

Article

Persian School, 15th – 16th century, male.

Active in Herat from 1468 to 1506, then in Tabriz.

Born between 1450 and 1460; died, in 1536 according to some sources, in 1537 according to others.

Miniaturist, writer.

Bahzad became the first truly famous Persian miniature painter and is the first known painter to have signed his work. The Louvre has a painting by him in grisaille, dated circa ...

Article

Persian School, 16th century, male.

Active at the end of the 16th century.

Born to a family originally from Shiraz or in Sebzevar.

Miniaturist.

There is confusion about the identity of this artist. He has been occasionally mistaken for Mohammed Ali, Mohammedi ibn Mirza Ali and even with Sultan Mohammed. Cheikh Mohammed worked at the Savavit imperial library and ended his life as a decorative artist in a palace built by Shah Abbas at Qazvin. His name is often mentioned in rather contradictory terms: some say that he was influenced by Chinese painting, while others claim that, on the contrary, his work was heavily influenced by European painting. Only a few of his works are known, despite the fact that he enjoyed a considerable reputation in his lifetime. Works include a manuscript at the Freer Gallery of Art in Washington and a number of his drawings....

Article

Indian, 16th century, male.

Painter. Miniatures.

Trained by the master painter Abdus Samad, Daswanth became the favourite artist of the Emperor Akbar (1556-1605). He is famous for his imaginative compositions and is particularly known for his contributions to Tales of a Parrot ( ...

Article

German, 15th – 16th century, female.

Miniaturist.

Dorothea von Riethain illustrated a manuscript in around 1500, which is now in the Munich library.

Article

Persian School, 16th century, male.

Active during the first half of the 16th century.

Painter, calligrapher.

As is the case for the painter Bizhad, we have an unusual amount of information about the career of this painter who worked at the court of the Safavid ruler Shah Tahmasp I. He contributed to the Shah’s great ...

Article

Persian School, 14th – 15th century, male.

Born at the end of the 14th century, in Sebzevar; died 1453.

Calligrapher, illuminator, miniaturist.

Article

French, 13th century, male.

Born c. 1220; died 1289.

Sculptor, architect.

This artist is known above all as the architect of St Louis, for whom he worked in many churches in Paris and whom he accompanied to Palestine. As a sculptor, it is known that he carved in the Franciscan church a low relief for his own tomb....

Article

Persian School, 16th century, male.

Born in the 16th century, in Esfahan.

Painter, calligrapher.

This artist was ordered in 1575 by Shah Tahmasp to copy a Qu’ran intended as a gift for Sultan Mourah III. He was part of a mission to China, during which he made notes on everything interesting that he observed....

Article

Hadji  

Turkish, 12th century, male.

Born to a family originally from Akhlat.

Sculptor (wood).

Hadji sculpted the minbar (stepped pulpit) in the mosque of Ala-ed Din in Konya in 1155.

Article

Turkish, 16th century, male.

Painter.

Haidar Bey worked at the court of Selim I and Suleiman I, where he enjoyed something of a reputation. He painted portraits in the European style of Clouet and other artists.

Paris (BNF): Portrait of Selim I (attributed)...

Article

Haknath  

Indian, 16th century, male.

Miniaturist.

Haknath worked at the Mughal court in Delhi, probably under Emperor Akbar the Great (1556-1605).

Article

Indian, 16th century, male.

Active in Delhi.

Miniaturist.

Haribans wsa a painter at the court of Akbar the Great and is known for his work in Ayin-i Akbari.

Article

Persian School, 16th century, male.

Active in Persia.

Illuminator.

This illuminator was one of the artists at the court of Shah Tahmasp.

Article

Hye Ho  

Korean, 13th – 14th century, male.

Painter.

Hye Ho was a painter during the Koryo dy- nasty.