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Sophie Page

Astrology is the art of predicting events on earth as well as human character and disposition from the movements of the planets and fixed stars. Medieval astrology encompassed both general concepts of celestial influence, and the technical art of making predictions with horoscopes, symbolic maps of the heavens at particular moments and places constructed from astronomical information. The scientific foundations of the art were developed in ancient Greece, largely lost in early medieval Europe and recovered by the Latin West from Arabic sources in the 12th and 13th centuries. Late medieval astrological images were successfully Christianized and were adapted to particular contexts, acquired local meanings and changed over time....



Sheila S. Blair

Calligrapher. He was one of the six disciples of Yaqut al-Musta‛simi and earned the nickname ‘writer in large characters’ (Pers. kand-navīs), presumably because of his masterful work designing architectural inscriptions in carved stucco. Two superb examples of his work in this medium survive in Iran: a band (...


Ann Barrott Wicks

Chinese painter and calligrapher. Yang graduated in architecture from Qinghua University in 1958 and worked for the Chemistry Industrial Bureau. Her marriage to the artist Zeng Shanqing in 1956 introduced her to China’s leading painters and awakened her own desire to paint. In 1966, a few months before the advent of the Cultural Revolution, Yang was able to secure a position in the Beijing Art Company. As a relatively new and unknown artist, she escaped the persecution endured by established painters in the turbulent decade to follow. While officially painting portraits of Chairman Mao and other government-commissioned subjects she privately practised her craft. In ...