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Article

Celia Carrington Riely

(b Huating, Jiangsu Province [modern Songjiang, Shanghai Municipality], 16 Dec 1558; d 19 Oct 1639). Chinese editor, writer, calligrapher and painter. He exemplified the literati ideal of the accomplished gentleman–scholar who rejected the sordid world of political involvement and devoted himself to a life of literary, artistic and philosophical pursuit. At the age of 28, having passed the prefectural examination, the first important step leading to a career in government office, Chen renounced official life in a dramatic gesture, by burning his Confucian cap and gown. Thereafter he lived at country retreats at Kunshan and then Mt She, near Huating in Jiangsu Province: entertaining guests; writing and editing; composing the poems, prefaces, epitaphs and biographies for which he was in constant demand; and travelling to places of scenic beauty in the company of friends....

Article

Chinese, 20th–21st century, male.

Born 1953.

Painter, sculptor. Portraits, still-lifes, landscapes.

or Zheng Zaidong

Cheng Tsai-tung trained in journalism before switching to painting. While technically fairly rudimentary, his work proceeds from a synthetic vision that he renders in large flat areas.

1984–1985, Taiwan New Painting...

Article

Chinese, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1954, in Xinzhu, Taiwan.

Painter. Genre scenes, interiors with figures.

Fang Xun graduated in 1978 from the journalism department of the Chinese Culture University, Taipei, and then started her artistic career. In 1986, she began to take part in exhibitions and in ...

Article

Chinese, 20th century, male.

Born 1890, 1891 or 1893, in Wuxi (Zhejiang Province); died 1974 or 1977.

Painter. Local scenes, landscapes.

A traditional scholar and painter, He Tianjian taught in various art schools. He also edited two art journals Guohua yuekan (Chinese Painting), a monthly review, and ...

Article

Juliann Wolfgram

Japanese print designer, painter, book illustrator and publisher. Although Masanobu’s artistic career spanned six decades, Edo-period (1600–1868) documents reveal little about his life. However, his prolific artistic output and technical innovations make him one of the leading figures of the early history of Japanese woodblock printing and ...

Article

Chinese, 20th century, male.

Born 1914, in Jixian (Henan).

Painter. Landscapes.

Qin Lingyun studied in the department of painting in the National Institute of Arts in Beijing. He was an editor at a Beijing publishing house for popular fine art editions, after which he became a traditional painter....

Article

Indian, 20th century, male.

Born 21 June 1928, in Simla.

Painter, draughtsman, sculptor.

After time spent as a political agitator, an author of children’s books and a journalist, Swaminathan dedicated himself to drawing and painting, studying first of all at the Delhi Polytechnic, and then, in ...

Article

Armenian, 20th century, male.

Born in Armenia.

Painter.

Puzant Topalian was an artist of the Arme­nian diaspora who contributed to the Beirut-based journal The Altar ( Pakin). He exhibited with the Salon des Artistes Libres Arméniens in Paris in 1945.

Article

Chinese, 20th century, male.

Born 1908, in Shandong.

Painter.

Xu Jiemin belonged to the traditional literati painting school as well as to the modern school and taught in the province of Guangxi for sixteen years. He was the first editor of two well-known reviews of the arts, ...

Article

Mayching Kao

Chinese sculptor and painter . He studied architecture, sculpture and painting in Tokyo, Beijing, Taipei and Rome. In a long and productive career as art editor, teacher and artist, Yang won critical acclaim as the foremost sculptor and landscape architect in Taiwan, receiving numerous prestigious commissions for sculpture and environmental design in Taiwan and abroad. Yang’s artistic development reflected the crystallization of his personal experience in the fast-changing modern world and his study of Chinese and Western art. His art evolved from realism in the 1950s to semi-abstraction in the early 1960s, when modern art movements emerged in Taiwan. Deeply influenced by Chinese philosophical concepts of the harmony of man and nature as well as the unity of life and art, Yang turned to abstraction in the late 1960s. His monumental works in cast bronze and stainless steel attempted to capture the life force of nature and the changing relationship of solids and voids within art and its environment....

Article

Chinese, 20th century, male.

Born 1912, in Chengdu (Sichuan); died 1964.

Painter, engraver, illustrator. Scenes with figures.

Zhang Yangxi was a woodcut engraver of the Realist school. He studied at Chengdu and in 1945 was appointed art editor of the Chengdu Ziyu Huabao, an illustrated weekly specialising in social satire. He was appointed chairman of the print-making department of the Central Academy of Fine Art (CAFA) in ...

Article

Chinese, 20th century, male.

Born 1926.

Painter. Landscapes.

From 1954, Zhu Yulien worked as a editor for the Daily Press and World Knowledge. He went on to work for the People’s Daily.

Peintres traditionnels de la République populaire de Chine, exhibition catalogue, Gal. Daniel Malingue, Paris, 1980....