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Article

Lebanese, 20th century, male.

Active from 1947 in France.

Born 22 November 1926, in El Mhaidthe, near Bikfaya; died 9 April 2004, in Paris.

Painter, engraver.

Shafic Abboud set out to become an engineer, but broke off his studies in his third year at the French school of engineering in Beirut in order to study drawing and composition at the Académie Libanaise des Beaux-Arts in ...

Article

Indian, 20th century, male.

Born 1914, in either Kishoreganj or Mymensingh (both now in Bangladesh); died 28 May 1976, in Dhaka.

Draughtsman, engraver, painter, printmaker.

Zainul Abedin studied at the government school of arts and crafts in Calcutta (now Kolkata) from 1933 to 1938, and was later a teacher there. His work first came to be noticed when he produced a series of drawings of the Bengal Famine of ...

Article

Sheila S. Blair and Jonathan M. Bloom

Bangladeshi painter and printmaker. He studied painting at the Government School of Art in Calcutta from 1933 to 1938, and then taught there until 1947. His work first attracted public attention in 1943 when he produced a powerful series of drawings of the Bengal famine. After the partition of India and Pakistan in ...

Article

Ado  

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Active in France since 1962.

Born 23 December 1936, in Tokyo; died 1994, in Paris.

Painter, screen printer.

Ado was the son of Sato Kei. In 1960 he graduated from Keio University, Tokyo, majoring in the history of aesthetics. He went to Paris in ...

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born 1939, in Tokyo.

Print artist, painter, draughtsman, collage artist.

Aigasa Masayoshi graduated from the Tokyo National University of Fine Arts and Music in 1962 and has been a member of the Japan Print Association since 1969. Aigasa’s style, which derives from fantasy art, is characterised by meticulous drawing. His series ...

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born 1878; died 1953.

Painter, print artist.

First Thursday Society.

Akamatsu Rinsaku was a member of the First Thursday Society, a group of print artists founded by Onchi Koshiro. His painting Night Train (1902), painted at a time when the railway was assuming increasing importance in Japan, made his name. He was included in the exhibition ...

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born 1922, in Hokkaido.

Painter, print artist, lithographer.

Hiroshi Akana was a pupil of Inokuma Gen-Ichiro at the college of industrial arts in Tokyo. He began to exhibit in 1946 and took part in several Tokyo Biennales. He became a member of Shinseisa Ku, a group begun by his mentor. He became a teacher at the University of Chiba. He took American nationality....

Article

Marcella Nesom-Sirhandi

Pakistani painter, sculptor and printmaker. Educated in Pakistan and abroad, he has consciously and successfully synthesized Eastern and Western aesthetic traditions. In 1963, a year after graduating from the National College of Arts, Lahore, he joined the faculty as a lecturer in art, later becoming a professor and head of the Department of Fine Arts. His studies abroad have included post-graduate work in London (...

Article

Turkish, 20th century, male.

Active in France.

Born 1932, in Istanbul.

Painter, engraver.

Erdal Alantar studied at Istanbul’s school of fine art from 1949 to 1956 and followed courses in fresco painting at Florence’s school of fine art in 1958. He has lived in Paris since 1959, working as a steel worker in the suburb of Ivry from 1966 to 1967. Since 1972, he has taught fine arts....

Article

Patrick Conner

English painter, engraver, draughtsman and museum official. The son of a coachbuilder, he was apprenticed to Julius Caesar Ibbetson before enrolling in 1784 at the Royal Academy Schools, London. In 1792 he accepted the post (previously declined by Ibbetson) of draughtsman to George, 1st Earl Macartney, on his embassy to China. As the embassy returned by inland waterway from Beijing to Canton, Alexander made detailed ...

Article

Dutch, 20th century, male.

Born 18 January 1886, in Medan (Sumatra), Indonesia; died 1969, in Amsterdam.

Painter, engraver. Figures, landscapes, still-lifes. Wall decorations.

Gruppe Progressiver Künstler (Progressive Art Group), Socialistische Kunstenaars Kring (SKK) (Socialist Artists' Circle).

Peter Alma trained at the academy of fine art in The Hague between 1904 and 1906. Afterwards, he was influenced in succession by Impressionism and then Cubism. While living in Paris in 1914, he frequently mixed with Fernand Léger and Diego Rivera. He worked in Amsterdam. He belonged to the Dutch group in Paris with Conrad Kickert, Piet Mondrian and Lodewijk Schelfout. He exhibited during 1912 and 1913 at the Moderne Kunstkring in Amsterdam, the Sonderbund Ausstellung in Cologne and at the Salon des Artistes Indépendants in Paris....

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born 1916, in Aichi.

Painter, print artist (woodcuts). Figure compositions.

Mikie Ando was a pupil of the print artist Kitagawa Tamiji. He exhibited his work from 1941. He was a member of the Nika Kai . He painted large realistic pictures with corresponding ideological aims....

Article

French, 20th century, female.

Born 29 March 1943, in Perezac-le-Blanc (Corrèze).

Painter, sculptor, lithographer, screen printer. Scenes with figures, mythological subjects, figures, nudes.

Anne-Lan's father is Vietnamese and her mother is French. Both are doctors. She spent her childhood in the Limousin region. She studied at the École Nationale des Arts Appliqués in Paris. She lives and works in Paris....

Article

Japanese, 18th–19th century, male.

Born 1748, in Sukagawa; died 1822.

Painter, engraver (etching). Landscapes.

Yoga School.

Denzen Aodo belonged to the Yoga School, but studied Nanga painting under Gessen. He later became interested in Western painting. Aodo was a landscape painter who served Lord Matsudaira....

Article

Iraqi, 20th century, male.

Born 15 December 1940, in Mosul; died 2000, in Paris.

Painter, engraver, architect.

Kafakian Ardash moved to Paris in 1960 in order to study at the École des Beaux-Arts. He appears to have been influenced by the CoBrA group of painters and his work can be identified within the new figurative movement. His works feature expressive deformations and the fragmentation of his subject matter. He frequently based his work on mythical subjects, while the female body, perceived from a sexual-sadistic perspective, also features often in his painting....

Article

Israeli painter, draughtsman, printmaker and writer, of Romanian birth, active in France. The drawings he made in deportation from Nazi labour camps at the age of 13 and 14 saved his life by attracting attention to his precocious talent. In 1944 he emigrated to Israel, living in a kibbutz near Jerusalem and studying art at the Bezalel School in Jerusalem; after being severely wounded in ...

Article

Lebanese, 20th century, male.

Active in France.

Born 12 August 1943, in Beirut.

Engraver, painter, illustrator.

Assadour Bezdikian left Lebanon at the age of 18; he studied at the Pietro Vannucci academy in Perugia during the summer months of 1962, 1963 and 1964, then from 1964 to 1970...

Article

Indian, 20th century, female.

Active also active in France.

Painter, engraver, monotype artist.

Born in an well-known Indian family, Sujata Bajaj was a pupil of Claude Viseux at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. She won a French government scholarship in 1988-1989. She juxtaposes on monochrome backgrounds a number of abstract shapes (normally two), in the ...

Article

Korean, 20th century, female.

Active in France since 1961.

Born 5 July 1937, in Seoul.

Painter, print artist, calligrapher. Designs for stained glass.

Hai-Ja Bang graduated in fine arts of the University of Seoul in 1961, in which year she also arrived in Paris. She worked on frescoes and monument art at the École des Beaux-Arts with Aujame, Lenormand and Bertholle, while she studied stained glass at the École Supérieure des Arts Appliqués in ...

Article

Israeli, 20th century, male.

Born 1920, in Vienna.

Painter, engraver.

Yosl Bergner spent his childhood in Warsaw, and emigrated with his family to Australia in 1937, where he studied at the National Gallery Art School in Melbourne. He settled in Israel in 1951. His early work comprised almost exclusively meticulously-detailed still-lifes, but he soon started introducing human figures into his compositions, frequently set against a backdrop of stone walls or ruins. He was attracted to Surrealism and, in particular to René Magritte, and his work took on a progressively dream-like quality in terms of subject matter, although it remained realistic to the extent that his technique was extraordinarily precise. Typical Bergner compositions feature mirrors which carry infinite reflections of figures who appear only as enigmatic shadows. He exhibited at the São Biennale of 1957....