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Article

Buson  

Japanese, 18th century, male.

Born 1716, in the village of Kema, near Osaka; died 1783.

Painter, draughtsman, illustrator, decorative artist. Landscapes, animals. Screens.

Nanga School.

Buson was one of the creators of the Nanga (literati) School. It was only at the beginning of the 17th century that the ...

Article

Oscar P. Fitzgerald

Technique for imitating Asian Lacquer. Once Dutch and Portuguese traders imported lacquer ware from the Far East after 1700, Europeans became fascinated by this technique. Originating in ancient China, it spread to Japan where it is still practiced in the 21st century. The process involved the application of up to a hundred coats of lacquer produced from the sap of the ...

Article

Korin  

Japanese, 17th – 18th century, male.

Born 1658, in Kyoto; died 1716.

Painter, draughtsman, decorative artist. Figures, portraits, flowers, animals. Screens.

Rimpa School.

Korin, a celebrated painter, may be regarded as the true successor of the genius of Sotatsu (fl. c. 1630), and the artist who carried it into the 18th century. His life is well known from the archives, notebooks, correspondence and collections of sketches which he bequeathed to his heirs. Born into a family of rich Kyoto clothiers who owned the important Karigane-ya shop, he spent a happy youth in cultured surroundings. His father, Ogata Soken (...

Article

Gordon Campbell

French furniture-maker . He became a master ébéniste in 1745 and thereafter specialized in furniture decorated with marquetry (e.g. a Louis XVI sécrétaire à abbatant; Barnard Castle, Bowes Mus.), sometimes imitating designs on Chinese prints.

Article

French cabinetmaker. He was the son of a Parisian cabinetmaker and was an independent workman before becoming a maître-ébéniste on 14 July 1773. He specialized in marquetry, in particular Chinese-style figures, trophies, still-lifes and flower garlands (e.g. Baltimore, MD, Mus. A.). He also used veneers embellished with bronze mounts depicting such subjects as vases on a terrace or children playing with a cat (e.g. New York, Met.). He was also a dealer in ready-made marquetry motifs. He produced very few pieces of furniture, preferring to buy them from colleagues, decorate them and then sell them to the most famous cabinetmakers or ...

Article

Japanese, 17th – 18th century, male.

Born 1636; died 1713.

Painter. Horses. Screens, decorative schemes.

Kano School.

Kano Tsunenobu was the son and disciple of Kano Naonobu (1607-1650), and succeeded his father as head of the Kobiki-cho line of the Kano school in Edo (now Tokyo). In ...

Article

Monique Riccardi-Cubitt

French term used to describe artefacts made in Turkey, or in France by Turkish craftsmen, and by derivation the influence on French design of elements from the Byzantine Empire, the Saljuq Islamic period and the Ottoman Empire. Specific motifs, borrowed from the original Turkish carpets, included arabesques or stylized flowers and vegetal scrolls and decorative animal forms—also included within the generic term ‘grotesques’—from the Renaissance onwards. From the Middle Ages inventories and accounts record objects ...

Article

Yoyusai  

Japanese, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1772; died 21 or 22 January 1845, in Tokyo.

Lacquerer, maki-e craftsman.

Hara Yoyusai was a celebrated maki-e craftsman (application of gold and silver decoration to a lacquer base).