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Elizabeth F. Bennett

Chinese calligrapher, painter, archaeologist, collector, poet and government official. He was born into a wealthy, scholarly family, received a classical education and as a youth of 16 founded a school in Guangzhou (Canton) and a publishing company in Shanghai; at 17 he enrolled in law school at the Imperial University in Beijing. His studies were interrupted two years later by the Boxer Rebellion of ...

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T. I. Zeymal’

Site in Tajikistan, 70 km east of Pendzhikent, where the Kum River falls into the Zarafshan. After a chance find on a high cliff (Mt Mug) of a basket containing fragments of manuscripts written in an unknown language, excavations were begun in November 1933 by the USSR Academy of Sciences and by the Tajik section. The remains of a castle (19.5×18.5 m; 7th century–early 8th) were uncovered, with a corridor on the north side providing access to five narrow (2 m) vaulted rooms used to store provisions. An upper residential storey was destroyed. The microclimate of the high location helped to preserve organic materials that would have had no chance of preservation under normal conditions. Some 500 objects were retrieved, the majority of which are in the Oriental Department of the Hermitage, St Petersburg. The 150 fragments of ...