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Phylis Floyd

French term used to describe a range of European borrowings from Japanese art. It was coined in 1872 by the French critic, collector and printmaker Philippe Burty ‘to designate a new field of study—artistic, historic and ethnographic’, encompassing decorative objects with Japanese designs (similar to 18th-century ...

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Active in the USA since 1965.

Born 1931, in Okayama Prefecture.

Print artist, sculptor.

Yasuhide Kobashi graduated from the ceramics department of Kyoto Art School in 1955, but had already started to paint and make woodcuts. He won the 1954 Newcomer’s Prize at the National Painting Academy’s exhibition and would win it again in ...

Article

British, 20th century, male.

Active also active in Japan.

Born 1887, in Hong Kong; died 1979.

Ceramicist, watercolourist, draughtsman, painter, engraver, lithographer, designer.

Bernard Leach, the son of a colonial judge in Hong Kong, was brought up in Japan by his grandparents, who were missionaries. He came to England at the age of ten. From ...

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born 5 September 1903, in Aomori (Aomori Prefecture); died 1975, in Tokyo.

Engraver, painter, illustrator, ceramicist, calligrapher, watercolourist.

Sosaku Hanga.

First Thursday Society.

Shiko Munakata assisted his father at the family forge as a child, then became a clerk and began to paint in his free time. Together with friends, he founded an artistic society to exhibit their paintings. In 1924 he left for Tokyo to study oil painting but did not find the method congenial. Attracted by the engravings of Kawakami, he then turned towards wood engraving, but concentrated mainly on Buddhist themes. From 1928, he worked under the guidance of Unichi Hiratsuka. He set up the Japanese academy of engraving ( ...

Article

Iranian, 20th century, male.

Active in the USA.

Born 1934, in Tehran.

Painter, engraver, potter. Figures, scenes with figures, narrative scenes.

Nasser Ovissi studied law and politics in Tehran and Rome before going on to prac­tise as a painter, lithographer, and goldsmith. His painting is inspired by the Iranian tradition, which he reinterprets in primitive works often enriched with calligraphic patterns. He lives and works in Washington....

Article

Mark Allen Svede

Latvian painter, printmaker, ceramicist, interior designer, tage and film set designer and theorist. He was the foremost ideologue for modernism in Latvia and was one of its greatest innovators. His militant defence of avant-garde principles befitted his experience as a soldier and as one of the artists who, after World War I, was denied a studio by the city officials and staged an armed occupation of the former premises of the Riga Art School. At the end of the war he painted in an Expressionist manner: ...

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1951.

Born 1921, in Kita Kyushu (Fukuoka).

Painter, watercolourist, lithographer, ceramicist.

Tabuchi Yasukazu was active in the air force and navy during the last years of World War II. He studied history of art at the University of Tokyo ...