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Article

Agano  

Richard L. Wilson

Japanese region in Buzen Province (now part of Fukuoka Prefect.), northern Kyushu, where stonewares were manufactured at various sites from c. 1600 (see also Japan, §IX, 3, (i), (d)).

The first potter to make Agano ware was the Korean master Chon’gye (Jap. Sonkai; ...

Article

James Cahill

Term used to refer to a group of painters, mostly landscapists, active in Anhui Province chiefly in the second half of the 17th century, early in the Qing period (1644–1911). The Chinese name refers to the region of Xin’an in south-eastern Anhui, where the artists were mostly concentrated. Anhui was prominent in the production of craft and trade goods, including paper, lacquer, brushes and ink-cakes, before it became a centre for painters. From the early 17th century the finest woodblock cutting and printing were done here, rivalled only by nearby Nanjing. Some Anhui artists of the late Ming (...

Article

Japanese, 17th century, male.

Painter.

Sokei Aoki belonged to the Taima monastery in the province of Yamato. Only a single work of his remains, a large mandara painting in the form of a hanging scroll. Mandara (Mandala) means “group endowed with perfect form” and is a name often given by the Japanese to certain symbolic groups of divinities and, by extension, to large group compositions representing in their totality mystical subjects, such as the ...

Article

Arita  

Hiroko Nishida

Region in Japan, now part of Saga Prefecture, and the name of a type of porcelain first produced there during the early Edo period (1600–1868). The ware was originally known as Imari yaki (‘Imari ware’) because it was shipped from the port of Imari (Saga Prefect.). During the Meiji period (...

Article

Chinese, probably Manchu, 17th – 18th century, male.

Active during the reign of the Qing Emperor Kangxi (1662-1722).

Painter.

Article

Bao Kun  

Chinese, 17th – 20th century (?), male.

Painter.

Bao Kun was a painter of the Qing dynasty (1644-1911).

Article

Basho  

Japanese, 17th century, male.

Born 1644, in Iga; died 1694.

Painter, poet.

Basho is one of Japan’s most celebrated haiku poets. He also studied suiboku painting (ink painting) with Marikawa Kyoroku.

Article

Gordon Campbell

Western name for Chinese porcelain of the Kangxi period (1662–1722) imported by Dutch merchants through the Dutch trading station at Batavia (now Jakarta). This porcelain, which was brown-glazed, decorated with panels and usually painted in blue, was imitated by European manufacturers, notably at Meissen and Leeds, and these imitations are known as Batavia ware....

Article

Bazaar  

Mohammad Gharipour

Bazaar, which is rooted in Middle Persian wāzār and Armenian vačaṟ, has acquired three different meanings: the market as a whole, a market day, and the marketplace. The bazaar as a place is an assemblage of workshops and stores where various goods and services are offered....

Article

Vyvyan Brunst and James Cahill

Chinese painter. His father, Dai Zhong (1602–46), a late Ming-dynasty (1368–1644) loyalist, moved his family to Nanjing in 1632. Political unrest forced them to move in 1637 and several times thereafter, always poor and often hungry. In 1645, having heard of the Manchu conquest of Nanjing, Dai Zhong helped organize resistance to the invading army but was later wounded in battle. Dai Benxiao was able to take his father back to Hezhou, but he died the following year. Thirty years later, Dai Benxiao built a commemorative shrine to his father and to Huilan, a Chan Buddhist martyr of the Southern Song period (...

Article

Chinese, 17th century, male.

Active in Suzhou (Jiangsu) 1620-1670.

Born 1611; died 1671.

Painter. Landscapes.

Bian Wenyu was a disciple of Dong Qichang.

Shanghai: Steep Mountain by a River with Figures in a Low Pavilion on the River Bank (signed and dated 1652)...

Article

Wu Bin  

Dawn Ho Delbanco

Chinese painter . One of the most talented of a small group of mid-17th-century professional artists active in Nanjing and Beijing, whose paintings of landscapes and figural compositions presented an alternative mode to the prevailing style of the amateur scholar-painters. Under the Wanli emperor (reg...

Article

Biombo  

Sofía Sanabrais

Name used in Mexico and throughout Latin America for a folding screen. The word biombo is a transliteration of the Japanese word for folding screen—byōbu—an acknowledgement of its place of origin. The Japanese byōbu has long been a quintessential example of Japanese art and was a common diplomatic gift to foreign courts in the early modern period (...

Article

Bizen  

Richard L. Wilson

Japanese centre of ceramics production. High-fired ceramic wares were manufactured from the end of the 12th century in and around the village of Inbe, Bizen Province (now Okayama Prefect.). This region had been a centre for manufacturing Sue-style stonewares and Haji-style earthenwares from the 6th century ...

Article

Bo Erdu  

Chinese, 17th century, male.

Active in the second half of the 17th century.

Painter, poet.

Bo Erdu was a Manchu and a friend of the painter Shitao.

Article

William H. Coaldrake

Japanese master builder. He was the hereditary head of the Kōra family, exponents of a graciously curvilinear architectural style known as Zenshūyō (‘Zen sect style’) or Karayō (‘Chinese style’, influenced by the architecture of Song-period China). He was chief master builder to the Tokugawa shogunate of the Edo period (...

Article

Cai Han  

Chinese, 17th century, female.

Active in Suzhou (Jiangsu).

Born 1647; died after 1691.

Painter.

Cai Han was the wife of the painter Mao Xiang. She specialised in flowers, birds and landscapes as well as figures.

London (British Mus.): Mynah Birds in a Wutong Tree (signed and dated ...

Article

Chinese, 17th century, male.

Activec.1600.

Born in Quiannan (Jiangxi).

Painter. Portraits, flowers.

Cai Shixin liked to paint bamboo.

Article

Chinese, 17th century, male.

Active in the middle of the 17th century.

Born in Moling (now Nanjing) (Jiangsu).

Painter.

Article

Chinese, 17th century, male.

Active in the first half of the 17th century.

Born in Dangtu, Anhui province.

Late Ming dynasty.

Painter. Landscapes.

Cao Liji obtained a jinshi degree in 1616 and painted landscapes in the manner of Ni Zan.

Kobe (Lin Nan-hai Collection): Mountainous Landscape...