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Article

Agano  

Richard L. Wilson

Japanese region in Buzen Province (now part of Fukuoka Prefect.), northern Kyushu, where stonewares were manufactured at various sites from c. 1600 (see also Japan, §IX, 3, (i), (d)).

The first potter to make Agano ware was the Korean master Chon’gye (Jap. Sonkai; ...

Article

Patrick Conner

English painter, engraver, draughtsman and museum official. The son of a coachbuilder, he was apprenticed to Julius Caesar Ibbetson before enrolling in 1784 at the Royal Academy Schools, London. In 1792 he accepted the post (previously declined by Ibbetson) of draughtsman to George, 1st Earl Macartney, on his embassy to China. As the embassy returned by inland waterway from Beijing to Canton, Alexander made detailed ...

Article

Japanese, 18th–19th century, male.

Born 1748, in Sukagawa; died 1822.

Painter, engraver (etching). Landscapes.

Yoga School.

Denzen Aodo belonged to the Yoga School, but studied Nanga painting under Gessen. He later became interested in Western painting. Aodo was a landscape painter who served Lord Matsudaira....

Article

Arita  

Hiroko Nishida

Region in Japan, now part of Saga Prefecture, and the name of a type of porcelain first produced there during the early Edo period (1600–1868). The ware was originally known as Imari yaki (‘Imari ware’) because it was shipped from the port of Imari (Saga Prefect.). During the Meiji period (...

Article

Chinese, 18th century, male.

Born 1744; died 1793.

Painter.

Ba Weizu was a flower and landscape painter from Xiexian, Anhui province.

Article

Baigai  

Japanese, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1749, in Osaka; died 1804.

Painter. Landscapes.

Nanga School.

Baigai was a man of letters and a member of the Nanga School (scholar painters) who grouped together at the end of the 18th century in Osaka. Like other artists of his generation, Baigai accepted the patronage of Masuyama Sessai, Lord of Ise. He was mainly a painter of landscapes but also published memoirs and reflections on art....

Article

Baiitsu  

Japanese, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1783, in Nagoya; died 1856.

Painter, draughtsman. Landscapes, birds, flowers.

Nanga School.

Baiitsu was a painter of the Nanga (literati) School. He spent his years of apprenticeship with the painter Chikuto (1776-1853), with whom he became close friends and together with whom he is today considered to be one of the best representatives of the Nanga School. He studied the Chinese ink painting techniques of the Ming and Qing. He arrived in Kyoto around ...

Article

Chinese, probably Manchu, 17th – 18th century, male.

Active during the reign of the Qing Emperor Kangxi (1662-1722).

Painter.

Article

Bao Kai  

Chinese, 18th century, male.

Active in Xiexian (Anhui)c.1750.

Painter.

Bao Kai was a flower and landscape painter and a disciple of Yun Shouping. He lived in Yangzhou, in Jiangsu province.

Article

Gordon Campbell

Western name for Chinese porcelain of the Kangxi period (1662–1722) imported by Dutch merchants through the Dutch trading station at Batavia (now Jakarta). This porcelain, which was brown-glazed, decorated with panels and usually painted in blue, was imitated by European manufacturers, notably at Meissen and Leeds, and these imitations are known as Batavia ware....

Article

Japanese, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1770, in Nagoya; died 27 January 1857.

Painter.

After studying the Chinese masters of the Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties, Go Bautsu took lessons from Chikuto (1776-1853) whom he followed to Kyoto. He painted landscapes, flowers and the heads of animals....

Article

Bazaar  

Mohammad Gharipour

Bazaar, which is rooted in Middle Persian wāzār and Armenian vačaṟ, has acquired three different meanings: the market as a whole, a market day, and the marketplace. The bazaar as a place is an assemblage of workshops and stores where various goods and services are offered....

Article

Bi Han  

Chinese, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1732; died 1807.

Painter. Landscapes.

Bi Han was a landscape painter from Yanghu, Jiangsu province. He was a disciple of Yun Shouping.

New York, 26 Nov 1990: Landscape Album (ten leaves, of which eight are in ink on paper and two are in ink and colour on paper...

Article

Bi Long  

Chinese, 18th century, male.

Active during the reign of the Qing Emperor Qianlong (1736-1796).

Born in Taicang (Jiangsu).

Painter.

Bi Long was a painter of bamboos and landscapes and a disciple of Cao Zhibo. He was also a poet and a famous collector of calligraphy and paintings....

Article

Chinese, 18th century, male.

Active 1725-1747.

Born 1684, in Huaian (Jiangsu); died 1752.

Painter. Flowers, birds.

Bian Shoumin mainly specialised in wild geese and practised the pomo (broken ink) technique. Although sometimes included as one of the Eight Eccentrics of Yangshou group of painters, he is less well known than several of his contemporaries....

Article

Elizabeth F. Bennett

Chinese calligrapher, minor painter and seal-carver. He passed the civil service examination to become a jinshi in 1789. He then had a series of official posts, serving on the Board of Justice, as an examiner and as a prefectural magistrate first at Huizhou in Guangdong Province and then at Yangzhou in Jiangsu Province. Yi is generally recognized as a leading figure in the stele studies (...

Article

Bizen  

Richard L. Wilson

Japanese centre of ceramics production. High-fired ceramic wares were manufactured from the end of the 12th century in and around the village of Inbe, Bizen Province (now Okayama Prefect.). This region had been a centre for manufacturing Sue-style stonewares and Haji-style earthenwares from the 6th century ...

Article

Bokusen  

Japanese, 18th – 19th century, male.

Active in Nagoya.

Born 1736; died 1824.

Painter.

Ukiyo-e School.

Bokusen was a pupil of Utamaro and Hokusai.

Article

Bosai  

Japanese, 18th – 19th century, male.

Active in Edo (now Tokyo).

Born 1752, in Edo (now Tokyo); died 1826.

Painter. Landscapes.

Bosai was a devotee of Confucius and belonged to the ink painting school.

New York, 23 Oct 1991: Mountain Lake (ink and diluted colour on silk...

Article

Stephen Addiss

Japanese painter, poet, calligrapher and book illustrator. The son of an Edo merchant, he studied calligraphy from a very early age under the noted Chinese-style calligrapher Mitsui Shinna (1700–82). He also received a Confucian education, unusual at that time for a merchant’s son. From about ...