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V. Ya. Petrukhin

Russian archaeologist and art historian . He began studying archaeology at the Archaeological Institute in Petrograd (now St Petersburg) in 1921 and subsequently at the University in that city. He became a postgraduate student in 1926, then joined the staff of the State Academy for the History of Material Culture, where he studied aspects of Old Russian art, including the miniatures of the ...

Article

Charlotte Humphreys

Russian poet and critic of Ukrainian birth. He is best known for his creation of Russian Futurist books between 1912 and 1916 in collaboration with the avant-garde artists Natal’ya Goncharova, Mikhail Larionov, Kazimir Malevich and Ol’ga Rozanova. These books, some of which were written with ...

Article

John Milner

Russian draughtsman, architect, printmaker, painter, illustrator, designer, photographer, teacher, and theorist.

After attending school in Smolensk, he enrolled in 1909 at the Technische Hochschule, Darmstadt, to study architecture and engineering. He also travelled extensively in Europe, however, and he made a tour of Italy to study art and architecture. He frequently made drawings of the architectural monuments he encountered on his travels. These early graphic works were executed in a restrained, decorative style reminiscent of Russian Art Nouveau book illustration. His drawings of Vitebsk and Smolensk (...

Article

Troels Andersen

Russian painter, printmaker, decorative artist and writer of Ukranian birth. One of the pioneers of abstract art, Malevich was a central figure in a succession of avant-garde movements during the period of the Russian revolutions of 1905 and 1917 and immediately after. The style of severe geometric abstraction with which he is most closely associated, ...

Article

Myroslava M. Mudrak

Ukrainian painter and theorist. He was apprenticed in the workshop for icon-painting in Kiev (1910–14). In 1913 he studied with Fyodor Rerberg (1865–1938) in Moscow and in 1914–18 attended the School for the Advancement of Art in Petrograd (now St Petersburg). Returning to Kiev in ...

Article

Russian, 20th century, female.

Born 21 June 1886, in Malenki; died 8 November 1918, in Moscow.

Painter, collage artist, draughtswoman, engraver, poet.

Futurism, Suprematism.

Groups: Soiuz Molodezhi (Union of Youth), Supremus.

Ol’ga Vladimirovna Rozanova studied at the Stroganov School of Art and Industry in Moscow. She was one of the most active members of the St Petersburg avant-garde. In ...

Article

Charlotte Humphreys

Russian philosopher. His theories of a four-dimensional ‘hyperspace’ were highly influential on a number of Russian avant-garde artists and poets, including Mikhail Larionov, Kazimir Malevich, Mikhail Matyushin, Velimir Khlebnikov and Aleksey Kruchonykh (see Fourth dimension). According to Uspensky, man’s consciousness was trapped in the illusory world of three dimensions as a result of an incomplete ‘space sense’. This needed to be expanded into the fourth dimension, in order to cultivate a new ‘cosmic consciousness’. Uspensky described how a three-dimensional being entering four-dimensional space would initially experience horror and a sense of chaos, arising from the fact that the laws of the previous dimension no longer operate in the new, higher dimension....