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Article

Latvian, 20th century, male.

Born 4 January 1895 , in Rŭjiena, Latvia; died 26 February 1938 , in Moscow

Painter, collage artist, photomontage artist, poster artist, lithographer, sculptor.

Constructivism, Vhutemas, Productivism, Suprematism.

Unovis, October.

Gustav Klucis studied at the City Art School in Riga (1913-1915), then at the school of design under the aegis of the Imperial Society for the Fostering of Art (1915-1917) in Petrograd (now St Petersburg). He completed his training at Vasily Meshkov’s school of design and painting, Il’ya Mashkov’s studio in the State Free Art Studio (Svoma) in Moscow, and the higher artistic and technical workshops (Vkhutemas) under the direction of Kazimir Malevich and Antoine Pevsner. An associate member of the INKhUK (Institute of Artistic Culture) productivist group in Moscow from 1921 to 1925, he taught courses at the Vkhutemas from 1924 to 1930. He was a founder member of the October group in 1928....

Article

John Milner

Russian draughtsman, architect, printmaker, painter, illustrator, designer, photographer, teacher, and theorist.

After attending school in Smolensk, he enrolled in 1909 at the Technische Hochschule, Darmstadt, to study architecture and engineering. He also travelled extensively in Europe, however, and he made a tour of Italy to study art and architecture. He frequently made drawings of the architectural monuments he encountered on his travels. These early graphic works were executed in a restrained, decorative style reminiscent of Russian Art Nouveau book illustration. His drawings of Vitebsk and Smolensk (...

Article

Troels Andersen

Russian painter, printmaker, decorative artist and writer of Ukranian birth. One of the pioneers of abstract art, Malevich was a central figure in a succession of avant-garde movements during the period of the Russian revolutions of 1905 and 1917 and immediately after. The style of severe geometric abstraction with which he is most closely associated, ...

Article

Russian, 20th century, male.

Born 23 February 1878, in the Kiev region; died 15 May 1935, in Leningrad (now St Petersburg).

Painter (including gouache), draughtsman, printmaker, decorative artist, writer. Stage sets.

Symbolism, Cubo-Futurism, Constructivism, Suprematism, Non-Objectivity, Abstract Art.

Oslinyy Khvost (Donkey’s Tail), Bubnovy Valet (Jack of Diamonds), Soyuz Molodezhi (Union of Youth), INKhUK (Institute of Artistic Culture)...

Article

Catherine Cooke

Russian architect, teacher, draughtsman and printmaker. He entered the architecture faculty of the Institute of Civil Engineers, St Petersburg, in 1902, graduating in 1912, after student radicalism closed the Institute in 1905–7. His gold medal prize was a year’s travel in Italy, studying Byzantine architecture and mosaics under the guidance of his teacher ...

Article

Russian, 20th century, female.

Born 21 June 1886, in Malenki; died 8 November 1918, in Moscow.

Painter, collage artist, draughtswoman, engraver, poet.

Futurism, Suprematism.

Groups: Soiuz Molodezhi (Union of Youth), Supremus.

Ol’ga Vladimirovna Rozanova studied at the Stroganov School of Art and Industry in Moscow. She was one of the most active members of the St Petersburg avant-garde. In ...