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Article

Anna Moszynska

Term applied in its strictest sense to forms of 20th-century Western art that reject representation and have no starting- or finishing-point in nature. As distinct from processes of abstraction from nature or from objects (a recurring tendency across many cultures and periods that can be traced as far back as Palaeolithic cave painting), abstract art as a conscious aesthetic based on assumptions of self-sufficiency is a wholly modern phenomenon (...

Article

Russian painter, graphic artist, sculptor and designer of Ukrainian birth. He studied painting at the School of Art in Odessa (1901–7) under Kiriak Kostandi (1852–1921), at the same time attending classes in sculpture. In 1908–9 he made a series of pointillist paintings. He visited Vienna and Munich in ...

Article

Russian, 20th century, male.

Born 1897, in Kozliv.

Painter. Figures, nudes.

In the 1920s, Sergei Arkhipov was influenced by Suprematism, and then by Constructivism. In 1938, he became a member of the Union of Artists. His works are housed in the most important Russian museums....

Article

V. Ya. Petrukhin

Russian archaeologist and art historian . He began studying archaeology at the Archaeological Institute in Petrograd (now St Petersburg) in 1921 and subsequently at the University in that city. He became a postgraduate student in 1926, then joined the staff of the State Academy for the History of Material Culture, where he studied aspects of Old Russian art, including the miniatures of the ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1938, in Cambrai.

Painter.

The main influences on the abstract painter Christian Belin are to be sought in the Neo-Plasticism of Mondrian, the Elementarism of Van Doesburg and in the suprematist works of Malevich. His explorations, based on the expressive power of paint in its pure state, are characterised by flat patches of colour and the abandoning of contrasting values in favour of the interaction of neighbouring colours. The colours are used in their raw form in generally simple geometric shapes. He frequently leaves virgin lines, or 'blanks', thus allowing colour the maximum freedom of space. His work is similar to the 'Hard Edge' movement made famous by Elsworth Kelly and Kenneth Nolland....

Article

Latvian, 20th century, male.

Born 25 June 1902, in Iucin or Vitebsk; died 4 March 1929, in Leningrad (now St Petersburg).

Painter, watercolourist, designer, architect.

Suprematism.

Unovis Group.

Ilya Chashnik spent his childhood in Vitebsk. From 1917-1919 he studied with Yuri (or Yehuda) Pen, then in ...

Article

Mikhail F. Kiselyov

Russian graphic artist, ceramicist, painter and designer. In 1896 he studied at the School of Drawing at the Society for the Encouragement of the Arts and in 1897 at Maria Tenisheva’s art school in St Petersburg, where he worked under Il’ya Repin until 1900. In ...

Article

Russian, 20th century, male.

Painter.

Constructivism, Suprematism.

Little is known of Ivan Chervinko's life, and only a few of his works are known to exist. He was a pupil of Kazimir Malevich and worked in his studio in Vitebsk.

Article

Russian, 20th century, male.

Born 1904.

Painter.

Suprematism.

Lezar Hidekel was a pupil of Kazimir Malevich in Vitebsk and attended the Unovis school. In 1922 he left for Petrograd (now St Petersburg) with Malevich to work at GINKhUK (the state institute of culture). At the same time, he studied at the institute of civil engineering until ...

Article

German, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1951, in Munich.

Painter, mixed media. Murals.

Horndash lives and works in Munich. He uses multiple forms of expression and combines cultural references from the Suprematism of Russian painter Kasimir Malevich to the Constructivism of Russian painter, sculptor and graphic artist Eliezer Markowich Lissitzky. Notably, he produces monumental murals on glass, painted from the block, and inscribes signs, scripts and geometric forms onto the vast surface....

Article

Inkhuk  

John E. Bowlt

Soviet institute for research in the arts that flourished from 1920 to 1926. Inkhuk was a dominant force in the development of Soviet art, architecture and design in the 1920s. Founded in Moscow in May 1920, with affiliations in Petrograd (now St Petersburg) and Vitebsk, it attracted many members of the avant-garde, especially ...

Article

Anthony Parton

Group of Russian avant-garde painters active in Moscow from 1910 to 1917. It was founded by Mikhail Larionov, Natal’ya Goncharova, Aristarkh Lentulov, Pyotr Konchalovsky, Robert Fal’k, Il’ya Mashkov and Aleksandr Kuprin, young artists who found membership of existing art societies no longer compatible with their experimental styles of painting. Regular participants included ...

Article

Laima Laučkaitė

Lithuanian painter, art theoretician, and teacher. He studied at the Vilnius School of Drawing (1910–2), Moscow Drawing School of Konstantin Yuon (1912–6, simultaneously studied law at Moscow University), and Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture (1917–8). During the World War I he was drafted into the army. In ...

Article

Adam M. Thomas

American painter of German birth. Kelpe moved to Hannover to study art and architecture in 1919. In the early 1920s he was exposed to the leading abstract trends in European modernism, including Suprematism and Constructivism. Kelpe developed an abstract painting vocabulary characterized by geometric order, hard edges, overlapping planes, and interpenetrating shapes before immigrating to the United States in ...

Article

A. N. Lavrentiev

Russian photographer. In 1925 he enrolled as a trainee film cameraman in Moscow, and from 1926 he worked under Boris Petrovich Podluzsky in the photography section of the State Academy of Artistic Sciences (GAKhN), where he became a virtuoso in applied photography. He was equally successful in highly complex reproduction work and with contemplative still-lifes, such as ...

Article

Latvian painter, sculptor, graphic artist, designer and teacher, active in Russia. He was an important exponent of Russian Constructivism. He studied in Riga and Petrograd (now St Petersburg), but in the 1917 October Revolution joined the Latvian Rifle Regiment to defend the Bolshevik government; his sketches of Lenin and his fellow soldiers show Cubist influence. In ...

Article

Latvian, 20th century, male.

Born 4 January 1895 , in Rŭjiena, Latvia; died 26 February 1938 , in Moscow

Painter, collage artist, photomontage artist, poster artist, lithographer, sculptor.

Constructivism, Vhutemas, Productivism, Suprematism.

Unovis, October.

Gustav Klucis studied at the City Art School in Riga (1913-1915), then at the school of design under the aegis of the Imperial Society for the Fostering of Art (1915-1917) in Petrograd (now St Petersburg). He completed his training at Vasily Meshkov’s school of design and painting, Il’ya Mashkov’s studio in the State Free Art Studio (Svoma) in Moscow, and the higher artistic and technical workshops (Vkhutemas) under the direction of Kazimir Malevich and Antoine Pevsner. An associate member of the INKhUK (Institute of Artistic Culture) productivist group in Moscow from 1921 to 1925, he taught courses at the Vkhutemas from 1924 to 1930. He was a founder member of the October group in 1928....

Article

Ukrainian, 20th century, male.

Born 1870 or 1873, in Bolchie or Bolchye Gorki; died 1942, in Moscow.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, sculptor.

Suprematism.

Brought up in Warsaw, where he studied at the school of design for the promotion of the arts, Ivan Klyun left Poland and moved to Moscow in 1910 where he attended the studio of Ilya Mashkov, V. Fisher and F. Rerberg. In 1913, by now in St Petersburg, he joined a futurist group, the ...

Article

Christina Lodder

Russian painter and sculptor. He studied in Kiev and Warsaw in the 1890s and then in Moscow, and initially painted in a Symbolist style (e.g. Portrait of the Artist’s Wife (Consumption), 1910; Athens, George Costakis priv. col., see Rudenstine, p. 141). In 1907 he met Malevich and later joined the ...

Article

Latvian, 20th century, female.

Active in Poland.

Born 1898, in Riga; died 1951, in Lódz.

Sculptor.

Constructivism, Suprematism.

Groups: Unovis, Blok, Praesens, R.A. (Revolutionary Artists), Abstraction-Création.

Katarzyna Kobro studied sculpture in Moscow between 1917 and 1920, first at the school of painting, sculpture and design in Moscow then at the state free art workshop (Svomas). She met the painter Strzeminsky in Moscow and married him in ...