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Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born 1938.

Painter. Figure compositions.

Appropriation Art.

Dotty Attie had her first European exhibition in Paris from 1991 to 1992. In it she showed paintings composed of faithful copies of fragments of famous paintings, painted on squares measuring 6 x 6 inches (15 x 15cm) and juxtaposed in a new arrangement, into which other squares are introduced which bear the painter's thoughts about the work she is using - for example, ...

Article

Canadian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1957, in Toronto (Ontario).

Sculptor.

Neo-Conceptual Art, Appropriation Art.

Alan Belcher lives and works in Toronto and New York. In the Pop Art tradition, Belcher uses advertising images, meaningfully exploiting their powers of enticement. His work consists of glossy colour photographs that are usually pinned, screwed, nailed or wrapped around various objects made of Plexiglas, metal or wood. By using the seductive colours of publicity photographs, and their perfect finish, Belcher's sculpture works on two levels. On one, he denounces marketing's manipulative wiles; on the other, he creates works of art that are almost Minimalist in their simplicity of form. Since ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1959, in Barbados.

Sculptor, installation artist.

Neo-Conceptual Art (Neo-Geo), Appropriation Art, Neo-Pop Art.

Ashley Bickerton lives and works in Los Angeles. He arrived on the American art scene in the mid-1980s. With Peter Halley, Jeff Koons and Meyer Vaisman, Bickerton, he belongs to the group of artists known as the ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1953, in Chicago.

Painter.

Neo-Conceptual Art, Appropriation Art (Simulationism).

Mike Bidlo is, with American artists Sherrie Levine, Richard Prince and Jeff Koons in his early years, an exponent of Appropriation Art. Influenced by Pop Art, Appropriation Art consists of making a copy of a well-known work of art, which the artist then considers to be his or her original work. The aim of Appropriation Art is to highlight the concept of the artistic masterpiece and the uniqueness of a work of art. Bidlo 're-creates' paintings by Picasso, Jackson Pollock, Andy Warhol, Giorgio De Chirico and others, though he never obscures their unique quality. Bidlo began taking part in collective exhibitions in ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1949, in New York.

Painter, watercolourist.

Neo-Conceptual Art, Appropriation Art.

Ross Bleckner studied at New York University, where he received a BA in 1971, and at the California Institute of Arts, obtaining an MFA in 1973. The work of Jasper Johns and other artists of the Op Art movement have been influential on Bleckner's work, as seen in his 1980s vertical stripe paintings. He is said to be one of the principal heirs of the aesthetic attitude of Andy Warhol....

Article

Chinese, 20th century, male.

Active in the USA.

Born 1943, in China.

Painter.

Appropriation Art.

David Diao emigrated to New York at the age of 12. His work has appeared in many group exhibitions featuring geometric abstract painters. David Diao returns to the great figures of abstract art, quoting from them, displaying them in compositions that serve as tributes to the great masters....

Article

dual British/French nationality, 20th century, male.

Active in France.

Born 4 March 1961, in Paris, to a French mother and an English father.

Painter.

Conceptual Art, Appropriation Art.

Anthony Freestone has described his work thus: 'My pictures are like a game of dominos in which the pieces are dispersed at the start of the game and gradually joined together in various combinations.' He blends historical, everyday and personal references, not actually creating any of the images used but reproducing them with a copyist's care. Examples include medieval miniatures, classical paintings, naive illustrations, Scottish tartans, advertising logos, photographs yellowed with age and geographical maps, all of which are brought into correlation by serving as pieces representing landmarks in his own personal history....

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 12 February 1902, in Alba (Piedmont); died 13 November 1964, in Alba.

Painter, monotype artist, mixed media.

Lettrism.

International Movement for an Imaginist Bauhaus, Situationist International.

Originally a pharmacist, Gallizio was passionate about archaeology, ethnology and geology, and was a local councillor in his home town of Alba. He did not begin to paint until he was 53 years old. His friendship with Asger Jorn and the painter Piero Simondo inspired him to turn his pastille factory in Alba into the first 'Experimental Laboratory' of the ...

Article

Canadian, 20th century, male.

Active in the USA.

Born 1945, in Montreal; died 14 March 2003.

Painter, performance artist. Multimedia.

Neo-Conceptual Art, Appropriation Art (Simulationism).

Jack Goldstein lived and worked in New York. In the late 1970s, he turned a critical eye on the world of the media, using studio assistants to execute neutral, almost technological, mass-produced images. His paintings of the 1980s focused on depictions of the sky and related phenomena such as lightning and comets, but also war, destruction and the conquest of space, with images of planes and flight squadrons. He also made a number of short films in association with his performance works: ...

Article

British, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1966, in Glasgow.

Video installation artist, environmental artist, video artist, performance artist, photographer.

Conceptual Art, Appropriation Art.

Douglas Gordon studied at the Glasgow School of Art from 1984 to 1988 and at the Slade School in London from 1988 to 1990...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Active in the USA from 1965.

Born 12 August 1936, in Cologne.

Environmental artist, installation artist, photomontage artist.

Conceptual Art, Art Sociologique (Sociological Art), Appropriation Art (Simulationism).

Hans Haacke studied at different art schools, notably the school of fine art in Kassel, after which a bursary enabled him to travel to France and the USA, where he settled in ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 24 September 1953, in New York.

Painter, sculptor.

Neo-Conceptual Art (Neo-Geo), Appropriation Art (Simulationism).

Peter Halley studied at Yale University, receiving a BA in 1975, and at the University of New Orleans, where he obtained an MFA in 1978...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1924, in Ann Arbor (Michigan); died 1997.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, photographer, installation artist.

Conceptual Art, Appropriation Art.

Douglas Charles Huebler studied at the Cleveland Institute of Art at the University of Michigan, then at the Académie Julian, Paris. Like numerous young American artists who, despite the wave of Pop Art, remained loyal to Abstract art, his research led him, in terms of his early work, to 'minimal art'; his main preoccupation seemed to be gigantic dimensions. But in less than three years he switched to work which was more or less equivalent to Conceptual Art, and ultimately became one of its leading exponents, along with Joseph Kosuth, Sol Lewit, Robert Barry and Lawrence Weiner. His Conceptual Art enquiries focused on 'interpreting' the range of life of forms in multiple signs and places, rather than the internalising or integrity of objects typical of the 'minimalist' genre....

Article

American, 20th–21st century, male.

Born 1955, in York (Pennsylvania).

Assemblage artist, installation artist, photographer, mixed media. Multimedia.

Neo-Conceptual Art (Neo-Geo), Appropriation Art, Neo-Pop Art.

Jeff Koons trained for three years at the Maryland Institute College of Art in Baltimore, and subsequently at the Art Institute of Chicago. He lives and works in New York, Germany and Italy. Before embarking on an artistic career he worked on Wall Street as a commodities broker, and his artwork and his conception of the role of the artist remain suffused with ideas and concepts drawn from this earlier experience: the artist survives by supplying commodities to a specific market, governed by the laws of consumerism, speculation and marketing....

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born 26 January 1945, in Newark (New Jersey).

Installation artist.

Neo-Conceptual art, Appropriation Art (Simulationism), Identity Art.

Kruger studied with the photographer Diane Arbus and began her career working for Mademoiselle magazine as head designer. Her earliest works from 1969 included large woven wall hangings, a nod to the feminist recuperation of craft during this time. By ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1947, in Bronxville (New York).

Painter (including mixed media), installation artist. Multimedia.

Neo-Conceptual Art, Appropriation Art.

Louise Lawler lives and works in New York. Her paintings and installations play on the contrasts between presentation and perception. Her work incorporates photography, installations, objects, texts and graphic elements, often appropriating existing works by other artists, notably Duchamp. These are repositioned in order to explore the public's changing response to an object in the context of a specific physical, social or economic setting: the content of Lawler's works is defined by their surrounding environment. She sought to challenge the role of museums as arbiters of taste, and espoused the anti-institutionalist movement in 1970s art....

Article

American, 20th–21st century, female.

Born 1947, in Hazleton (Pennsylvania).

Photographer, painter, draughtsman, watercolourist, lithographer, installation artist.

Neo-Conceptual Art, Appropriation Art (Simulationism).

Sherrie Levine was a student at the University of Wisconsin, in Madison, from 1969 to 1973, where she studied photography. After obtaining her diploma, she lived in Berkeley, and then established herself in New York....

Article

British, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1958.

Painter. Figures.

Conceptual Art, Appropriation Art.

Simon Linke has shown his work in solo exhibitions in London. For several years he made scrupulous oil paintings of the advertisements that appeared in the summer 1975 edition of the American art magazine ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1953, in Brooklyn (New York), United States.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, performance artist. Scenes with figures. Multimedia.

Neo-Conceptual Art, Appropriation Art (Simulationism).

Robert Longo served an apprenticeship in the restoration of paintings in Italy, and studied the history of art at the Accademia in Florence. He subsequently visited the art galleries of Europe, in particular the Musée Rodin in Paris. He took part in the foundation of the alternative space ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1944, in Los Angeles.

Sculptor, painter.

Neo-Conceptual Art, Appropriation Art (Simulationism), Neo-Pop Art.

McCollum established himself in New York in 1975, making his debut with large abstract canvases. From 1975 onwards he began to work on serial objects which are apparently identical but in reality all different. This was the case with the ...