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Article

Mexican, 20th century, male.

Born 1936, in Mexico.

Artist. Multimedia.

Conceptual Art.

Alcaraz-Laus was noticed at the Biennale des Jeunes in Paris in 1971. Under the title Double 1, he presented an encounter between a dancer and that dancer's image, a conceptual production revolving around the theme of the body and its representation, one that was in favour at that time....

Article

Brazilian, 20th century, male.

Installation artist.

Conceptual Art.

Barrio participated in the debate on Neo-Constructivism that took place during the 1960s in Brazil. He has favoured poetic elements since then. He has taken part in collective exhibitions, such as the São Paulo Biennale in 1996...

Article

Eduardo Serrano

Colombian painter, sculptor and conceptual artist. He studied at the Escuela de Bellas Artes of the University of Atlántico in Barranquilla, Colombia, from 1958 to 1960, and in Italy from 1966 to 1967 at the University of Perugia. In 1966, under the influence of Pop art, he made the first of a series of collages combining cut-outs of well-known individuals and comic strips with drawn elements. Two years later he added frosty effects and velvet flowers to his interpretations in black and red ink of figures with distorted bodies and the faces of film stars. In ...

Article

Chilean, 20th century, male.

Born 1935.

Painter.

Conceptual Art.

Brugnoli originated the earliest manifestations of Conceptual Art in Chile from 1960 to 1970, creating the group Studio of the Visual Arts, which aimed to address man and his social identity by producing works that had everyday objects at their centre....

Article

Brazilian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1946.

Painter (mixed media), sculptor.

Conceptual Art.

Waltercio Caldas Junior has taken part in group exhibitions including the Art from Brazil in New York exhibition shown in various museums and galleries in 1995 and the São Paulo Biennale in ...

Article

J. Harwood

Uruguayan conceptual artist and teacher, of German birth. Of Jewish ancestry, he fled with his family to Uruguay in 1939. He studied at the University of Uruguay between 1953–57 and 1959–62 before a Guggenheim fellowship took him to New York in 1961 to study printmaking. Although he settled in the USA, he retained his Uruguayan citizenship. From the 1970s, Uruguay and Latin America in general inspired a series of conceptual installations that addressed such issues as language, identity, freedom, repression and the role of art. Politics is a dominant element in Camnitzer’s work, expressed in ethical and artistic debate rather than in rhetoric. For Camnitzer, the task of the artist was to be aware of and express the problems that surround him, an attitude that challenged a perceived lack of meaning prevalent in much contemporary work. His questioning of traditional values applied not only to the theme of his work, but to its material form: employing objects of little intrinsic value, he rejected traditional notions of art as beautiful and of commercial worth. Through the use of texts, images and objects, such as those employed in ...

Article

Brazilian, 20th century, female.

Born 23 October 1920, in Belo Horizonte; died 1988.

Sculptor, painter.

Neo-Constructivism, Conceptual Art, Body Art.

Grupo Frente.

Clark studied in Brazil under the direction of Burle-Marx in 1947, then went to Paris in 1948 and worked with Fernand Léger, Arpad Szenes and Dabrinsky. In ...

Article

Brazilian, 20th century, male.

Active in Italy from 1968.

Born 1944, in Paraiba.

Painter.

Conceptual Art, Neo-Constructivism, Figuration Narrative.

Dias' early works were inspired by the geometric abstraction of Torres García. Between 1965 and 1968 he produced paintings and montages glorifying violence in a visual language influenced by Pop Art, and after ...

Article

Brazilian, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1960, in Rio de Janeiro.

Installation artist, assemblage artist.

Conceptual Art.

Fernanda Gomes lives and works in Rio de Janeiro. She produces works of great restraint that evoke life and material reality through objects, simple materials that she disperses, apparently at random, on the ground and on a wall. She is interested in the transparency of the object, in paper, in the cracks in a piece of stone; she makes two plates suspended on threads relate to one another; she uses cigarette paper and eggs, showing a preference for leftovers, for scraps, offering these waste items a glorious new existence.She has taken part in group exhibitions including: ...

Article

Horacio Safons

Argentine painter, sculptor, performance artist, conceptual artist, poet and illustrator. After studying in Buenos Aires at the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes and with Cecilia Marcovich and Tomás Maldonado, he quickly established a reputation for his scandalous views, attracting extreme disapproval and equally strong support. After delivering a lecture at the Juan Cristóbal bookshop, Buenos Aires, entitled ‘Alberto Greco y los pájaros’ he was briefly imprisoned for his ‘Communism and subversive acts’. On his release in the same year he travelled to Paris on a French government grant, selling drawings and watercolours in the cafés and studying painting with ...

Article

Argentinian, 20th century, male.

Born 1936, in Junín (Province of Buenos Aires); died 2002.

Sculptor, assemblage artist, installation artist, performance artist. Still-lifes.

Conceptual Art.

Victor Grippo was influenced by the 'poor theatre' promoted by Grotowski at a conference in Argentina and specialised in creating boxes attached to walls and particularly tables. These range from desks covered in quotations from Argentinian writers to farmers', carpenters' and stonemasons' tables, dining tables with crockery and food and in particular potatoes, which are a recurring motif in his work, sometimes associated with electricity....

Article

Peruvian, 20th century, male.

Active in France.

Born 1945.

Mixed media.

Conceptual Art, Mail Art.

In 1971, Raphael Hastings took part in the Young Artists Biennale in Paris which mounted an event involving Mail Art, the artistic and conceptual media fashionable at the time, of which Hastings himself was an exponent. He held a solo exhibition in ...

Article

Chilean, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in the USA from 1982.

Born 1956, in Santiago.

Installation artist.

Conceptual Art.

Alfredo Jaar lives and works in New York. His approach to his work is socio-political. He sees art as having the potential for conveying meaning directly, as being almost a form of action. In his work, Jaar seeks to capture the imagination of viewers from wealthy, developed countries by representing in the most objective way the poverty born of antagonism between the countries of the northern hemisphere and those of the south. In his various installations he uses photography, often combined with mirrors and texts. From minimalism he draws a rigour that helps him to strengthen the sense of direction he gives to his works. He uses a variety of media from the picture rails of art galleries to advertising hoardings in the streets.For a month his installation ...

Article

Argentinian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in the USA.

Born 12 December 1946, in Buenos Aires.

Installation artist, video artist. Multimedia.

Conceptual Art.

In 1958, David Lamelas had his first moment of aesthetic epiphany before Velázquez's The Maids of Honour ( Las Meñinas) in the Prado. He studied at the Buenos Aires fine arts academy ...

Article

Adrian Locke

Brazilian printmaker and conceptual artist. She was introduced to contemporary art and artists from an early age by her collector parents, Fulvia and Adolfo Leirner. She went on to study art at the College of Fine Arts, Fundação Armando Alvares Penteado, São Paulo, between 1979...

Article

Brazilian, 20th – 21st century, female.

Active also active in Austria.

Born 1958, in São Paulo.

Sculptor (mixed media). Multimedia.

Conceptual Art.

In 1978, Inès Lombardi studied at the São Paulo fine arts academy and from 1980 to 1985 at the mural art academy in Vienna. With the help of photographs, she poses questions about the presentation and representation of art work. Since ...

Article

Argentinian, 20th century, female.

Active in France.

Born 1929, in Buenos Aires; died 17 November 2000, in Paris.

Painter, installation artist. Multimedia.

Conceptual Art.

In the early years of her career, Lublin was an expressionist figurative painter. In 1964 with Reading the Heroes ( Lecture des Héros...

Article

Argentinian, 20th century, male.

Active since 1967 in England, then in the USA.

Born 1937.

Painter.

Conceptual Art.

Grupo CAYC (Grupo de los Trece).

Leopoldo Maler was active in the visual arts section of the Di Tella institute in Buenos Aires which was home to the Argentina's avant-garde movement. From ...

Article

Brazilian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1947.

Draughtsman.

Conceptual Art.

Around 1975, Antonio Manuel exhibited his work under the aegis of the Museu de Arte Moderno in Rio de Janeiro. The Jeu de Paume national gallery in Paris held a solo exhibition of his work in ...

Article

Brazilian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1948, in Rio de Janeiro.

Performance artist, assemblage artist, installation artist.

Conceptual Art.

Cildo Meireles studied at the school of fine arts in Rio de Janeiro. He spent two years in New York between 1971 and 1973 and now lives in Rio de Janeiro. He belongs to the generation of Brazilian artists that includes Arthur Alipio Barrio, Antonio Manuel de Oliveira and Liuz Alphonsus de Guimaraes, which emerged in the second half of the 1960s and practised the avant-garde techniques of body art arising out of the New Objectivity movement in Brazil, between ...