French painter, sculptor, illustrator, stage designer and collector. He was a leading exponent of Fauvism. In early 1908 he destroyed most of his work to concentrate on tightly constructed landscape paintings, which were a subtle investigation of the work of Cézanne. After World War I his work became more classical, influenced by the work of such artists as Camille Corot. In his sculpture he drew upon his knowledge and collection of non-Western art....
English painter and illustrator. She studied at the Slade School, London, in 1902–3, then trained under Max Bohm at Etaples and in 1910–13 at La Palette, Paris, under Jean Metzinger, John Duncan Fergusson and Dunoyer de Segonzac. As a result she developed a Fauvist style using rich impastos. She contributed several brusquely simplified illustrations to ...
Dutch, 20th century, male.
Active from 1900 and from 1929 naturalised in France.
Born 26 January 1877, in Delfshaven, near Rotterdam; died 28 May 1968, in Monaco.
Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman, illustrator. Figures, portraits, genre scenes, landscapes, landscapes with figures, flowers.
Kees van Dongen's father first placed him in a school of industrial design and decorative art in Rotterdam. Later, in 1894-1895, he became a pupil of J. Striening and J.G. Heyberg at the academy of fine arts in Rotterdam. His first paintings of this period were signed ...
French painter, printmaker and decorative artist. From the age of 14 he was employed as a book-keeper, but at the same time he developed his innate gift for drawing at evening classes at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Le Havre,given by the Neo-classical painter Charles Lhuillier (?...
Czech, 20th century, male.
Born 1891, in Pardubice.
Painter, illustrator, engraver.
Jaroslav Grus studied with H. Schwaigra at the academy of arts in Prague. A figurative painter influenced by the Fauvist and Expressionist movements in Central Europe, he also executed engravings and illustrated books. He participated in numerous exhibitions of Czech painting....
French, 19th–20th century, male.
Born 31 December 1869, in Le Cateau-Cambrésis (Nord); died 3 November 1954, in Nice.
Painter, draughtsman, engraver, lithographer, sculptor, illustrator, theorist. Artists’ books.
Henri Matisse was born to parents who owned a grocery shop in Bohain, a small town in northern France. After his schooling in St Quentin, he began his law studies in Paris in 1887–1888. In 1889, he returned to St Quentin, where he worked as a clerk in a law firm but was soon taken ill. It was during his lengthy convalescence that he decided to turn to painting. In 1891, he returned to Paris and enrolled at the Académie Julian, where he studied under the painter William Bouguereau. In 1893, Matisse left the Académie and joined Albert Marquet, Georges Rouault, Charles Camoin, and Henri Manguin at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris, where he studied with Gustave Moreau. From 1895, he lived at 19 Quai St Michel in Paris, an address that he kept for the rest of his life....
French, 20th century, male.
Born 8 November 1876, in Roanne; died 6 March 1960, in Roanne.
Painter, draughtsman, pastellist, illustrator. Nudes, portraits, landscapes, landscapes with figures, still-lifes.
Jean Puy came from a family of industrialists. He obtained his baccalauréat in Litterature and Philosophy and began his foundation studies in architectural design at the École des Beaux-Arts in Lyons in 1895 and 1896. However, the teaching of the academic portraitist, Tony Tollet, inspired him to paint and, in 1898, he decided to go to Paris to study at the Academie Julian with Jean-Paul Laurens and Benjamin Constant. Later he turned to Eugène Carrière, in whose studio he became acquainted with other painters, including Henri Matisse, André Derain, Charles Camoin and Henri Manguin. Puy was mobilised in 1915 and transferred to a camouflage unit where he again met Camoin, as well as Villon and Dunoyer de Segonzac. He spent the interwar years in Paris, but in 1939 to 1940, fearing the bombing of the capital, he moved back to Roanne. In 1939, he decorated the hall of honour at the Lycée du Parc in Lyons with a fresco ...
Belgian, 20th century, male.
Born 1887, in St Joost-ten-Node; died 1947, in Brussels.
Painter, sculptor, engraver, lithographer, illustrator. Figures, portraits, landscapes.
Ramah was a student at the school of fine art in St Joost-ten-Node, and then at the academy in Brussels. He was a member of ...
Belgian, 20th century, male.
Born 28 April 1879, in Brussels; died January 1957, in Brussels.
Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman, engraver, illustrator. Scenes with figures, mythological subjects, figures, portraits, genre scenes, interiors with figures, landscapes. Designs for tapestries.
Tytgat worked in his father's lithographic studio as a child. In 1897, he moved on to attend evening classes at the academy in Brussels. He spent World War I in London, returning afterwards to settle in Woluwe-St-Lambert in 1924. He was associated generally with the informal grouping of the Brabant Fauves....