African American photographer. Ball’s parents, William and Susan Ball, were freeborn Americans of African descent. J. P. Ball learned how to make daguerreotypes from a black Bostonian, John P. Bailey. He opened his first photographic enterprise in Cincinnati, OH, in 1845. Black-owned businesses seemed viable in this abolitionist stronghold and key conduit to the West. After a failed first venture and time as an itinerant photographer, he returned and opened Ball’s Great Daguerrean Gallery of the West in ...
Camara Dia Holloway
South African, 20th century, male.
Also active in Sweden and the United States.
Born 21 March 1940, in Eersterust, Pretoria; died 18 February 1990, in New York.
Photojournalist, documentary photographer. Figures, city life, apartheid history.
Ernest Cole’s earliest photographs appeared in Zonk magazine. In 1958...
Constance W. Glenn
American photographer and writer. He grew up in Kenilworth, a suburb of Chicago, but moved to New York with his mother after his parents separated. Primarily interested in literature, he sat in on lectures at the Sorbonne in Paris (1926–7), visited museums and bookshops, and thought of becoming a writer. In ...
South African, 21st century, male.
Born 29 October 1976, in Johannesburg.
Photojournalist, documentary photographer. Portraiture, landscape, social groups.
Pieter Hugo worked in the film industry until 1999, when he started freelancing as an editorial photographer. After publishing in Colors, an influential photo magazine, Hugo in ...
American photographer. From 1914 to 1917 she attended the New York Training School for Teachers and there decided to become a photographer, partly influenced by visits to the photographer Arnold Genthe. From 1917 to 1918 she attended a photography course run by Clarence H. White at Columbia University, New York. Lange moved to San Francisco in ...
Born 7 August 1914, in Cornwall (UK); died 3 August 2000, in Chestertown (Maryland).
Active in South Africa from 1936 to 1949.
Portraitist, photojournalist, documentary photographer. Portraiture, social groups, anthropological studies.
Constance Stuart Larrabee spent her early years in Pretoria before returning to the UK. She enrolled in ...
South African, 20th–21st century, male.
Born 18 January 1932, in Vrededorp, Johannesburg.
Photojournalist, documentary photographer. Figures, social conflict, traditional customs.
Peter Magubane grew up in Sophiatown, a mixed-race suburb in Johannesburg razed by apartheid authorities in 1955. Employed as a messenger and driver by Drum...
British investigative organization founded in 1937 to examine aspects of popular culture. Although Mass Observation was neither an art movement nor a particular school or style, it did attract artists, photographers and film makers who were involved in realist, Surrealist and social documentary practices. Anthropologist ...
American, 20th century, male.
Born 15 August 1896, in New York City; died 17 October 1958, in Laguna Beach, California.
Photographer and graphic designer. Portraits, nudes, figures, still-lifes, landscapes, abstractions.
Paul Outerbridge is best known for his mastery of the tri-colour carbro-transfer printing process used in his commercial and artistic photography. Before enrolling in the Clarence H. White School of Photography in ...
German painter, collagist, printmaker and photographer. He studied briefly at the Akademie der Bildenden Künste in Munich (1913–14) and in 1913 began to make Expressionist woodcuts, which were published in magazines such as Die Aktion (Berlin), Die Weissen Blätter (Leipzig) and Sirius (Zurich). From ...
M. Sue Kendall
American painter, photographer and lithographer of Lithuanian birth. He was born into a family of Jewish craftsmen who emigrated in 1906, settling in New York. From 1913 to 1917 Shahn served as an apprentice in Hessenberg’s Lithography Shop in Manhattan, and in the evenings he attended high school in Brooklyn. In ...
James G. Todd jr
Term used to refer to the work of painters, printmakers, photographers and film makers who draw attention to the everyday conditions of the working classes and the poor, and who are critical of the social structures that maintain these conditions. In general it should not be confused with ...
English photographer, painter and textile designer. He studied architecture at the Albert-Ludwigs Universität, Freiburg, in Germany (1927–8) and at the Architectural Association School in London (1929–34). During his time in Germany he absorbed the influence of the Neue Sachlichkeit movement and of photographic developments in illustrated journals such as the ...
Native American (Diné/Navajo), 20th–21st century, female.
Born 1966, in Ganado (Arizona).
Printmaker, sculptor, painter.
Political and social realism, abstraction, post-colonial themes.
Melanie Yazzie uses a variety of media including photography, sculpture, print, and paint to create personal, autobiographical and socio-political works. Using her Diné heritage as a source of inspiration, her practice draws attention to many key issues facing indigenous peoples. Themes have included issues of racism, misogyny, identity problems, poverty and abuse. Later works have concentrated more on personal issues and storytelling and touch on traditional, contemporary and imagined themes, including depictions of ceremonial life and ritual. Yazzie often collaborates with artists from other indigenous nations in order to raise further awareness and create shared experience through art practice....