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Article

Jorge Luján-Muñoz

Guatemalan painter and printmaker. From 1954 to 1957 he studied at the Escuela Nacional de Artes Plásticas in Guatemala City while researching folk art for the Dirección de Bellas Artes, but he was virtually self-taught and began as a draughtsman and painter of bullfighting scenes. In ...

Article

Monica E. Kupfer

Panamanian painter and printmaker of French birth. He first studied with the figurative painter Alberto Dutary but established himself in the 1960s as one of the few abstract artists in Panama with paintings such as Green Force (Panama City, Mus. A. Contemp.), which attest to the influence of American Abstract Expressionism; in other works he was also influenced by Post-painterly Abstraction. During a visit to Japan in ...

Article

J. Harwood

Uruguayan painter. Costigliolo studied painting as part of the Bellas Artes group in Montevideo between 1921 and 1925, followed by a period of graphic art production between 1929 and 1946. The period 1946–50 heralded a stage of neo-purist, machinist art and abstraction, following which Costigliolo became a key figure in the development of non-figurative art in Urguguay, co-founding the Grupo de Arte No Figurativo in ...

Article

Xavier Moyssén

Mexican sculptor, painter and decorative artist. He studied briefly at the Academia de Bellas Artes de S Carlos in Mexico City but was fundamentally self-taught. In 1925 he was associated with Estridentismo, an avant-garde literary and artistic movement with which he exhibited caricature masks painted in strong expressive colours on glossy card, for example ...

Article

Nelly Perazzo

Argentine painter and sculptor of Italian birth. He lived in Argentina from 1909, becoming an Argentine citizen in 1929. In 1925 he began submitting work to national and provincial salons, and in 1926 his first one-man exhibition was held at the Asociación Amigos del Arte in Buenos Aires; the latter also awarded him a scholarship to study in Paris, where he remained until his return to Argentina in ...

Article

Rita Eder

Mexican sculptor and museum administrator. She studied in 1950–51 at Mexico City College (now Universidad de las Américas), where she was introduced to sculpture by the renowned abstract artist, Germán Cueto. Awarded a travelling scholarship to the Royal College of Art, London (1951–4), Escobedo met luminaries of European sculpture, including Henry Moore, Jacob Epstein and Ossip Zadkine, who profoundly influenced her sense of organic integrity in form and material. It became clear to her that sculpture as museum piece or domestic ornament did not fulfil her objectives. During the 1960s and early 1970s Escobedo created works on a monumental scale and became well known for such ambitious urban sculptures as ...

Article

Argentinian, 20th century, female.

Active in France from 1964.

Born 20th century, in Buenos Aires.

Painter, engraver.

Nelida Fedullo belonged to the Arte Concreto Invención group, Argentina's first geometric abstract art movement. In 1964 she went to Paris where she worked at S.W. Hayter's engraving studio. Fedullo's early work is a variation on the theme of the straight line, but she went on to create networks of crystallised forms behind which fantastical images appear. Her abstract forms show a tendency towards fetishism with the image rising to the surface of the pictorial construction to produce a surreal, ambiguous representation not devoid of eroticism - the surface becoming an 'enclosed field of hallucination and fantasy'. She exhibited in Buenos Aires ...

Article

José Miguel Rojas

Costa Rican painter, draughtsman and writer. A self-taught artist, in 1934 he joined the Círculo de Amigos del Arte founded in 1928 by Teodorico Quirós and Max Jiménez, collaborating with Quirós on a mural in encaustic for the group’s meeting-place, Las Arcadas in San José. In ...

Article

W. Iain Mackay

Peruvian painter, teacher and photographer of French birth. He studied at the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes, Lima, under José Sabogal from 1920 before attending the Académie Royale des Beaux-Arts, Brussels, in 1924. In 1925 he left to study under Fernand Léger, André Lhôte and ...

Article

Horacio Safons

Argentine painter. He studied at the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes in Buenos Aires from 1938 to 1942 and in 1945 was a founder-member of the Asociación arte concreto invención. He played a leading role in the development of abstract art in Argentina during the 1940s and 1950s. From ...

Article

David Boxer

Jamaican painter. In 1953 he left Jamaica to study advertising design at the Art Center School in Los Angeles. In 1955, however, he moved to the Los Angeles County Art Institute, where he studied painting and graphic art for five years; he returned to Jamaica in the early 1960s and continued to work in advertising while painting and exhibiting regularly. In the 1960s and 1970s, along with Karl Parboosingh, he became a major force in the development of abstract art in Jamaica, and in ...

Article

Peruvian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in the USA since 1977.

Born 1947, in Peru.

Painter.

Ramiro Llona was originally a lyrical abstract artist but developed in the direction of a more ordered, figurative representation, which shows the influence of Matisse.

New York, 29 May 1985...

Article

Lolo  

Cuban, 20th century, female.

Born 1911, in Pinar del Rio.

Painter, collage artist, sculptor.

Lolo was a follower of the geometrically-inclined abstract art movement deriving from the work of Sophie Taüber-Arp and the Suprematism of Malevich.

After becoming heavily involved in trade union activities, Lolo was made cultural representative of the Republic of Cuba in Europe. In this position, in ...

Article

Cruz Barceló Cedeño

Venezuelan painter and graphic designer. He studied painting at the Escuela de Artes Plásticas in Caracas (1942–6). At the age of 21 he won the highest award for national painters and went to France. He was a member of the Venezuelan group in Paris, Los Disidentes, who opposed traditional Venezuelan landscape painting. At this time he produced works of an abstract–lyrical tendency, which he varied so that they approached geometric abstraction. In ...

Article

Jorge Glusberg

Argentine painter. In 1960 he joined Grupo Sí, which was moving towards a new form of abstract art that culminated in the use of the shaped canvas. By 1965 Puente was painting in a form of hard-edge abstraction. In 1967 he won a Guggenheim Fellowship and went to New York; he returned to Buenos Aires in ...

Article

Nelly Perazzo

Argentine painter, draughtsman, and graphic designer. He studied drawing and painting in Santa Fé with the Argentine painters Gustavo Cochet (1894–1979) and Juan Grela (1914–1992) and began exhibiting his work in 1963. Until 1966 he was aligned with the work of Argentine painters grouped together under the label of ...

Article

Mexican, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1957.

Painter.

In Mexico, the work of Jorge Robelo, like that of many other abstract artists, has long been eclipsed by the celebrity enjoyed by the representational art of the post-revolutionary muralists.

Article

Monica E. Kupfer

Panamanian painter. He studied under Humberto Ivaldi in Panama and at the Escuela Superior de Bellas Artes Ernesto de la Cárcova in Buenos Aires, where he was first exposed to abstract art and international trends. During the 1940s and 1950s he experimented with academic, Cubist and Abstract Expressionist styles, before defining a semi-abstract approach emphasizing colour and light. He made numerous collages, such as ...

Article

Peruvian painter and teacher. He was born to a Polish father and a Peruvian mother. He studied architecture before transferring in 1944 to the Escuela de Artes Plásticas at the Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú in Lima, where he was taught by Adolf Winternitz (...

Article

Angel Kalenberg

Uruguayan group founded in Montevideo in 1944 by Joaquín Torres García. It was conceived by the artist as part of an exhaustive programme of art education initiated by him on his return to Uruguay in 1934 after living in Europe for 43 years. The group, which organized mixed exhibitions and published its own official magazine, ...