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Article

Filipino, 20th century, male.

Born 1930, in Bohol, Philippines.

Sculptor. Figures, historical subjects, religious subjects, allegory, myths.

Napoleon Veloso Abueva graduated in 1953 from the University of the Philippines College of Fine Arts (UPCFA), where he was mentored by the first National Artist for Sculpture, Guillermo Tolentino. He received another scholarship from the Fulbright/Smith–Mundt Foundation and in ...

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born 1915, in Tokyo.

Painter, sculptor.

Jiro Asazuma was educated and greatly influenced by the painter Saburo Hasegawa, a theoretician of Abstract art.

Article

Iranian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1976, in Tehran, Iran.

Painter. Abstraction.

Ali Banisadr grew up in Iran during the early years of the Islamic Revolution and Iran-Iraq war. During this time, he drew the sounds he heard from tanks, guns, bombs, and vibrations. Referring to these drawings as ‘monsters’ that gave a visual reading to the sounds, Banisadr later recognized his sound drawings as a manifestation of synaesthesia, the ability for one sense to stimulate other bodily senses. Forced to flee his homeland at age 12, the artist relocated with his family to Turkey and then to San Francisco, California, in ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1 July 1907, in St Petersburg; died 1984, in New York.

Painter, sculptor.

Groups: The Ten, American Abstract Artists (AAA).

Ilya Bolotowsky studied in Baku (in present-day Azerbaijan), then in a French institution in Constantinople. He arrived in the USA in ...

Article

Filipino, 20th century, male.

Born 1937, in Sampaloc, Manila, Philippines; died 13 April 2013.

Painter, conceptual artist.

Roberto Chabet studied architecture at the University of Santo Tomas and graduated in 1961, the year he held his first solo exhibition, at the Luz Gallery. He achieved early critical success when he won first prize for his painting ...

Article

Iranian, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1924, in Qazvin, Iran.

Painter, sculptor. Abstract art, mosaic sculptures.

Monir Farmanfarmaian studied at the University of Tehran in the Faculty of Fine Art from 1944 to 1946. She then moved to New York City at age 20 to study at Parsons School of Design in ...

Article

Harry Rand

American painter of Armenian birth. One of the most illustrious artists of the post-war New York School, he began his life in possibly the most obscure circumstances of any international modern master. His father emigrated to the USA to avoid conscription into the Turkish Army in World War I; in the Turkish persecution of the Armenians, Gorky’s mother died in her son’s arms after a 120-mile march. With his sister (who later figured prominently in his paintings) Gorky made his way to the coast and then, by ship, to the USA, arriving at New York in ...

Article

Yasuyoshi Saito

Japanese painter and writer. In 1929 he graduated from Tokyo Imperial University, where he researched Tōyō Sesshū for his thesis. In 1930 he went to Paris where his work was selected for the Salon d’Automne; on returning two years later to Japan, he exhibited in the 19th ...

Article

Hong Sŏn-p’yo

Korean painter. He was a pioneer of abstract art in Korea. The son of an affluent shipowner, he completed his middle-school education in Japan and entered the art department of a university there. In his second year at university he organized an avant-garde art research group and was actively involved in the early movement for abstract art in Japan. In ...

Article

Japanese, 20th century, female.

Born 1933, in Sendai; died 1988.

Painter.

Gutai group.

Seiko Kanno graduated in Fine Arts from Fukushima University. In the 1960s she belonged to the Association of Abstract Arts. She painted geometric abstract works based on patterns of lines. She took her inspiration from poetry, music, philosophy and science....

Article

Yasuyoshi Saito

Japanese painter and teacher. His grandfather was the celebrated Nihonga (Japanese-style) painter Gyokushō Kawabata. In 1934 Kawabata graduated from the Tokyo School of Fine Arts (now the Tokyo University of Fine Arts and Music). From 1939 to 1941 he lived in Italy and France. In ...

Article

Shigeo Chiba

Japanese painter. He started painting while at school and in 1912 went to Tokyo to study at the Taiheiyō Gakkai Kenkyūjō. In 1917 he first showed work at the exhibition of the Nikakai. During this period he modelled himself on Sōtarō Yasui. From 1920 to 1923...

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Active in the USA from 1963.

Born 1930, in Takamatsu (Kagawa).

Painter.

Kawashima graduated from the School of Fine Art in Musashino near Tokyo in 1956. In 1963 he moved to New York. He is an abstract artist who works with the repetition and juxtaposition of well-constructed forms in squares. From ...

Article

Shigeo Chiba

Japanese painter. He studied painting at a private art school from the age of 18. When he was 29 he entered the art school run by Seifū Tsuda (1880–1978) and submitted works to the Nikakai (Second Division Association) and Dokuritsu bijitsu kyokai (Independent Art Association) exhibitions. Following the introduction of Surrealism and abstract art to Japan, he began, after a period of trial and error, to create works that possessed an individual quality of fantasy; in ...

Article

Toru Asano

Japanese printmaker, poet and book designer. He studied at the Tokyo Art School from 1910 to 1915. Influenced by Yumeji Takehisa (1884–1934), a painter of highly popular sentimental portraits of women, and later by Edvard Munch and Vasily Kandinsky, he moved towards the expression of his inner feelings, which he termed lyricism. In ...

Article

Yasuyoshi Saito

Japanese calligrapher and painter of Manchurian birth. She learnt calligraphy from her father from 1930 to 1945. In 1940 she held her first one-woman exhibition at the Kyukyodo Gallery in Tokyo. From c. 1945 she began the production of abstract paintings using sumi (ink). In ...

Article

Shigeo Chiba

Japanese writer and critic. He was already fascinated by Surrealism when he graduated from the English Department of Keio University, Tokyo, in 1931, and had translated André Breton’s Le Surréalisme et la peinture (Paris, 1928) in 1930. He also had a profound concern for the visual arts, regarding Surrealism as a ‘metamorphosis of the power of poetry’. In his major work ...

Article

V. Rakitin

Georgian stage designer and painter of Armenian origin, active in Russia . He studied at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture (1901–3) but was expelled after a disagreement over the teaching methods. Posted to the Far East during military service, he became acquainted with Far Eastern decorative art, which inspired the works he exhibited with the ...

Article

Shigeo Chiba

Japanese painter . He was mainly self-taught as an artist. When his friendship with Tsuguharu Fujita and Seiji Tōgō began, he moved towards abstract painting and before World War II showed work at the exhibitions of the Nikakai and of the more radical Kyūshitsukai. After the war he was active as one of the principal promoters of avant-garde art in the Kansai region. In ...