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Article

Horacio Safons

Argentine painter, draughtsman and collagist. He studied under Juan Batlle Planas from 1950 to 1953 and quickly established the terms of his work, rooted ideologically in Surrealism and indebted in particular to the work of René Magritte and Giorgio de Chirico. All the elements of his mature art are evident in an early painting, ...

Article

Paule Thévenin

French writer, draughtsman, stage designer, actor and director . He learnt to draw and paint in 1918–19 while staying in an establishment near Neuchâtel where he had been sent suffering from a nervous complaint that had begun in 1914. There he was prescribed opium in May 1919...

Article

Sarah Wilson

Romanian painter, sculptor and draughtsman, active in France. As a child, he shared his father’s passionate interest in spiritualism, heralding a lasting preoccupation with the occult. In 1912 he accompanied his family to Vienna, and from 1916 to 1918 attended the evangelical school at Brăila, near Galaţi, studying zoology with great enthusiasm; he also started to paint. In ...

Article

Vanina Costa

French painter, sculptor, draughtsman and poet. He moved in 1926 to Paris, where he became involved with Surrealism, soon afterwards publishing his first collection of poems, Opoponax (Paris, 1927). In 1934 he exhibited a series of automatic drawings, which were followed by images produced with the assistance of ...

Article

Andrew Causey

English painter, illustrator and stage designer. As a student at the Chelsea Polytechnic (1921–3) and the Royal College of Art (1923–5) he became a talented figure draughtsman. In the second half of the decade he spent much time in France painting intricately detailed urban scenes, which depicted the low life of Toulon and Marseille. Works such as the watercolour ...

Article

French.

Painter.

He studied at the Versailles school of fine arts and architecture, and between 1971 and 1975 joined the Mirabelle Dors and Maurice Rapin's surrealist group. At the same time as working in advertising as a graphic artist, between 1972 and 1987, he continued to paint....

Article

Leland M. Roth and Gordon Campbell

American architect, stage designer, furniture designer and writer of Austrian birth. In 1920 he worked with Adolf Loos in Vienna. He was also in contact with the artists associated with De Stijl and began experimenting with innovative theatre designs. In 1924 he produced the Endless Theatre design. The ‘Endless’ was a double-curved shell of reinforced concrete that could enclose any irregularly traditional divisions into floor, wall, and ceiling but offered the inhabitant an open interior that could be modified at will. For the theatre he adapted the ‘Endless’ by devising a double-spiral stage interconnected by ramps and rings of spectator seats. Kiesler believed that the Endless Theatre, without proscenium or curtain, projecting out into the audience, with perpetually moving walls bathed in light of ever changing colour, would promote greater interaction between actors and audience....

Article

Austrian, 20th century, male.

Active and naturalised in the USA.

Born 1880 or 1896, in Vienna; died 1965, in New York.

Sculptor.

Surrealism.

Frederick Kiesler was an architect who became involved with the Surrealists in 1937. He constructed the Art of this Century gallery in ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 13 June 1920, in Rennes; died 1999.

Painter. Figures, landscapes.

Surrealism.

The son of an architect, Yves Laloy gave up his professional activities in 1951 and set out to explore the countries around the Mediterranean. He then decided to work in deep-sea fishing in Newfoundland, which enabled him to devote himself to painting in the off-season. He worked the boats for three seasons and quit after the death of a sailor in tragic circumstances....

Article

Tirza Latimer

French photographer and painter. Maar’s father was Croatian and her mother was from La Touraine in western France. She grew up in Argentina, where her father practised architecture, and was repatriated in 1926 to study at the Union Centrale des Arts Décoratifs, Ecole de Photographie and the Académie Julien in Paris. In the early 1930s she set up her first photography studio with her collaborator, Pierre Kéfer, sharing the darkroom with Georges Brassaï....

Article

Spanish, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1952.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver.

The painting of Benito Marcos has its roots in Abstract Surrealism, its plastic preoccupation being with the arrangement in space of uncertain architectural forms. He has shown his works in solo exhibitions including: 1981, 1989, Bergamo; ...

Article

Chilean painter, printmaker and draughtsman. He was educated at the Sacré Coeur Jesuit College and at the Catholic University of Santiago, where he studied architecture (1929–31). In 1933 he went to Europe and worked in Le Corbusier’s atelier in Paris. At the end of ...

Article

Eric M. Wolf

American art collection that opened in 1987. In 2015 the collection contained approximately 17,000 objects, specializing in modern and contemporary art (with particular strength in Surrealism, School of Paris, Abstract Expressionism, Pop art, and Minimalism), antiquities, Byzantine art, and the art of Africa, Oceania, and the Americas. While the vast majority of works in the museum come from the collection of its late founders, John and Dominique ...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 7 July 1948, in Paris.

Painter. Landscapes, architectural views.

Daniel Peccoux is married to the painter Léni-Dael. He paints fantastic architectural views in Surrealist-style landscapes. He has taken part in exhibitions, including the Salon des Indépendants in Paris in ...

Article

British, 20th century, male.

Born 1900, in London; died 13 April 1984, in London.

Collage artist, draughtsman.

English Surrealist Group.

Roland Penrose was the son of the portrait painter James Doyle Penrose. He studied architecture at Cambridge. He lived in Paris from 1922 to 1935...

Article

Lourdes Font

French fashion designer (see figs 1 and 2 ). From 1925 to 1953, Rochas was an innovator in Paris fashion. In the1930s he was known for architectural suits and coats, bold graphic patterns and Surrealist details, and in the post-war period for romantic designs inspired by the 19th century....

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Active in France, England and Belgium.

Born 1907, in Brussels, to an English mother; died 1975, in Brussels.

Painter, architect. Cityscapes.

Surrealism.

Willi Rondas initially studied singing, but later qualified as an architect in Paris. He practised as an architect in the Belgian Congo (currently Democratic Republic of Congo) before turning to paint in Paris in ...

Article

French painter, stage designer and illustrator. After working briefly in an architect’s office in Nantes, he moved to Paris and enrolled at the Ecole Nationale des Beaux-Arts, which he disliked. He then worked on designs for the Exposition Universelle of 1900 before entering the Ecoles des Langues Orientales to learn Japanese and modern Greek. After this he studied at the Ecole des Arts Décoratifs under ...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 1927, in Rome.

Painter, sculptor, decorative artist.

Sterpini's early work shared much with fantasy art in its broadest sense. From this his work moved towards Surrealism. In 1963, in association with the architect Fabio de Sanctis, he founded the Officina Undici...