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Article

British, 20th century, female.

Born 1 December 1904, in Buenos Aires, to a Scottish father and an American mother; died 17 November 1991, in London.

Painter, collage artist.

Surrealism.

London Group, English Surrealist Group.

Eileen Agar trained initially under Leon Underwood, and subsequently under Henry Tonks at the Slade School of Art in London until 1926. Although flirting with Post-Impressionist techniques fashionable at that time, early works such as her ...

Article

Argentinian, 20th century, male.

Born 1928.

Painter. Scenes with figures.

A follower of the Surrealist painter, Juán Battle Planas, Aizenberg took up experiments in collage undertaken by Max Ernst. He created small pictures that present minuscule figures contemplating the dusk from high terraces in unknown towns in vast landscapes with infinite horizons. He used grey or gilt tonalities, which makes his canvases more intimate and secret....

Article

Horacio Safons

Argentine painter, draughtsman and collagist. He studied under Juan Batlle Planas from 1950 to 1953 and quickly established the terms of his work, rooted ideologically in Surrealism and indebted in particular to the work of René Magritte and Giorgio de Chirico. All the elements of his mature art are evident in an early painting, ...

Article

Elizabeth Ferrer

Mexican photographer. Álvarez Bravo’s interest in photography began in his adolescence while living in Mexico City in the 1910s, the years of the Mexican Revolution. He left school at the age of 13 to help support his family but pursued his creative interests by studying foreign photography magazines and receiving instruction from the German photographer based in Mexico, Hugo Brehme. Álvarez Bravo’s earliest images, made with a large-format Graflex camera, reflected the romantic pictorialist mode identified with Brehme’s generation. By ...

Article

Brazilian, 20th century, male.

Born 1914; died 1972.

Painter.

Oswald de Andrade was probably the son of the writer and art theorist, Mario de Andrade. His art, which reveals Surrealist lyricism and folkloric fantasy, has been likened to that of Chagall.

Article

Chilean, 20th century, male.

Born 1913, in La Serena.

Painter.

A painter and a poet, Arénas took part in two Surrealist exhibitions that he organised himself in 1941 and 1948.

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1963.

Painter, draughtsman, collage artist, illustrator.

David Aronson, drawn to occultism, paints Surrealistically absurd images, which are sometimes frightening or disturbing. He has produced a set of paintings on the subject of the Holocaust. He also illustrates works for young readers....

Article

François-Marc Gagnon

Canadian group of artists active during the 1940s and the early 1950s, led by Paul-Emile Borduas. They were named by Tancrède Marcil jr in a review of their second Montreal exhibition, published in February 1947 in Le Quartier latin, the student journal for the University of Montreal, Quebec. The earliest characteristic example of the group’s work was Borduas’s ...

Article

Canadian, 20th century, male.

Active in France.

Born 1922, in Quebec.

Painter.

Surrealist group.

In the course of his art studies, Jean Benoît, like many young Canadian artists, came under the influence of Alfred Pellan. He has only rarely shown his works and is uneasy with the traditional materials of painting. Since ...

Article

Bio Art  

Suzanne Anker

From Anatomical studies to landscape painting to the Biomorphism of Surrealism, the biological realm historically provided a significant resource for numerous artists. More recently, Bio Art became a term referring to intersecting domains that comprise advances in the biological sciences and their incorporation into the plastic arts. Of particular importance in works of Bio Art is to summon awareness of the ways in which the accelerating biomedical sciences alter social, ethical and cultural values in society....

Article

François-Marc Gagnon

Canadian painter. He studied with the artist Ozias Leduc and from 1923 to 1927 at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, Montreal. After a short stay in Paris (1928–30), he lived in Montreal until 1941, when he moved to Saint-Hilaire. As a result of the Depression, Borduas was unable to continue the career of church decorator, for which his training with Leduc had prepared him, and found work as an art teacher. His appointment at the Ecole de Meuble, Montreal, in ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 15 March 1918, in Rockford (Illinois).

Painter.

Richard Bowman studied at the Chicago Art Institute from 1938 to 1942. He exhibited from 1941, taking part in group exhibitions of abstract and Surrealist art. In 1953, he took part in the São Paulo Biennale, and, in ...

Article

Chilean, 20th century, male.

Born 1923; died 1949.

Painter.

Chilian Surrealist group.

Jorge Cáceres participated in the activities of the Chilean Surrealist group from the age of 15. He was also a poet.

Article

Ricardo Pau-Llosa

Cuban painter. A self-taught artist, he forsook law studies in 1952 to dedicate himself to painting and held his first individual exhibition in the Galería Cubana in Havana in 1955. In 1959 he settled in Paris, where he became an important figure in the circle of Latin American émigré artists. In ...

Article

Argentinian, 20th century, male.

Active also active in France.

Born 1937.

Painter, draughtsman, watercolourist, engraver.

Camporeale's art lies somewhere between Hyperrealism and Surrealism, showing designs marked by such extreme accuracy in some of the compositions that they look unbalanced. The world he portrays is disturbing, disenchanted, unhealthy. Using concrete images, he transforms reality into productions that are detailed to the point of paroxysm, hence his espousal of German ...

Article

Ricardo Pau-Llosa

Cuban sculptor, active in France. He studied under Juan José Sicre, and at the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes ‘San Alejandro’ in Havana (1943–9). He settled in Paris in 1955 and became involved with the Surrealists. He also started to consider his African heritage and to incorporate Dogon totems in his work (e.g. ...

Article

Jorge Alberto Manrique

Mexican painter, sculptor and writer of English birth. In 1936 she travelled to London, where she studied under Amédée Ozenfant and in 1937 met Max(imilian) Ernst, with whom she became involved artistically and romantically, leading to her association with Surrealism. They moved to Paris together in ...

Article

Mexican, 20th century, male.

Born 1938.

Painter.

To link Alfredo Castañeda's work to Surrealism would be no more than a rough approximation. A good number of his paintings, completed at different times, feature a man's face, painted in a traditional manner slightly reminiscent of Goya, its expression impassive rather than questioning. It occupies the bottom of the picture, sometimes surmounted by a fabric hanging that floats like a flag, and sometimes by a speech bubble, either empty or containing the title of the painting - if there is one: ...

Article

Cuban, 20th century, male.

Painter.

Vasquez's work was featured in the exhibition organised by Patrick Waldberg in Brussels in 1969 devoted to a Surrealist revival.

Article

Nelly Perazzo

Argentine painter. A self-taught artist, in 1952 he began working in a Surrealist style, finding in it a profound impetus that decisively affected the later direction of his work. In 1957 he became a member of the Siete Pintores Abstractos, hinting at the oscillations in his art between geometric abstraction on the one hand and subconscious, fantastic and irrational imagery on the other. In ...