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Swiss painter and multimedia artist . From 1890/91 she studied under Hugues Bovy (1841–1903) and Denise Sarkissof at the Ecole d’Art in Geneva. A travel scholarship enabled her to study in Munich for a year. From 1904 until the outbreak of World War I Bailly lived in Paris, where she associated with Cubist artists, including Albert Gleizes, Jean Metzinger, Fernand Léger, Marie Laurencin and Sonia Lewitska (...

Article

Italian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 24 July 1871, in Turin; died 5 March 1958, in Rome.

Painter, sculptor.

Futurism, Pittura Metafisica (Metaphysical Painting).

As is so often the case, Giacomo Balla's early work was comparatively unadventurous and conformist. He started out as a painter in Rome in 1895, adopting an essentially academic style that was wholly acceptable to critics and institutions of the day. In 1900, however, he spent seven months in Paris, where he was drawn to the 'divisionist' approach espoused by the Impressionists and, in particular, to the Pointillist style that Georges Seurat adopted and labelled 'scientific impressionism'. It is worth making the point that this 'divisionist' approach was in actual fact one of the more anachronistic features of Futurism, a movement that purported to be innovative in every respect, even to the point where it levelled accusations against the Cubist movement (from which it derived substantially more than the Futurists were ever prepared to admit), on the grounds that Cubism was essentially 'academic painting in disguise'. In the event, from 1901-1902 onwards, Balla went on to teach Umberto Boccioni, arguably the most coherent theoretician and practitioner of Italian Futurism, and Gino Severini, both of whom were influenced by his use of the divisionist technique....

Article

Piero Pacini

Italian painter, sculptor, stage designer, decorative artist and actor. He was one of the originators of Futurism (see Furttenbach [Furtenbach; Furttembach], Josef [Joseph], the elder) and was particularly concerned with the representation of light and movement. His personal interest in scientific methods of analysis contributed to both the practical and ideological bases of the movement. His oeuvre from the Futurist period overshadowed the work of later years....

Article

Russian, 20th century, male.

Born 1886, in Tavria or Kershon; died 1917, in Thessalonica.

Painter, illustrator.

Symbolism, Futurism.

Groups: Golubaya Roza (Blue Rose), Bubnovy Valet (Jack of Diamonds), Der Blaue Reiter (Blue Rider).

Vladimir Davidovich Burlyuk was the brother of David Burlyuk. He studied in Odessa and married the sister of the painter Lentulov. Along with his brother, he collaborated on the most important projects of the Russian avant-garde, including with the group ...

Article

Russian, 20th century, female.

Active in France from 1924.

Born 1882 or 1884, in Bielostok (Kiev); died 1949, in Fontenay-aux-Roses, France.

Painter, decorative artist. Stage sets, stage costumes.

Symbolism, Futurism, Constructivism.

Groups: Golubaya Roza (Blue Rose), Bubnovy Valet (Jack of Diamonds).

A student at the school of fine art in Kiev, Aleksandra Exter exhibited for the first time with the ...

Article

Troels Andersen

Russian painter, printmaker, decorative artist and writer of Ukranian birth. One of the pioneers of abstract art, Malevich was a central figure in a succession of avant-garde movements during the period of the Russian revolutions of 1905 and 1917 and immediately after. The style of severe geometric abstraction with which he is most closely associated, ...

Article

Russian, 20th century, male.

Born 23 February 1878, in the Kiev region; died 15 May 1935, in Leningrad (now St Petersburg).

Painter (including gouache), draughtsman, printmaker, decorative artist, writer. Stage sets.

Symbolism, Cubo-Futurism, Constructivism, Suprematism, Non-Objectivity, Abstract Art.

Oslinyy Khvost (Donkey’s Tail), Bubnovy Valet (Jack of Diamonds), Soyuz Molodezhi (Union of Youth), INKhUK (Institute of Artistic Culture)...

Article

Italian writer and theorist. He was educated by Jesuit monks in Alexandria until 1893, when he moved to Paris. Having obtained a Baccalauréat, he studied law at the Università degli Studi di Genova, from which he graduated in 1899. In 1898 he published poetry for the first time, in particular the free verse ...

Article

Christina Lodder

Russian painter, patron, musician, writer and publisher. He pursued a highly original line of artistic thought and practice and developed an organic perception of the world, deriving his inspiration from nature rather than machines, unlike many of his Russian Constructivist contemporaries.

Matyushin trained initially as a musician at the Moscow Conservatory (...

Article

Piero Pacini

Italian painter, draughtsman and printmaker. At the age of 17 he enrolled at the Accademia di Belle Arti in Bologna and discovered contemporary art in books on Impressionism, Paul Cézanne, Georges Seurat and Henri Rousseau. He read with interest the articles by Ardengo Soffici in ...

Article

Hungarian, 20th century, male.

Born 1892; died 1944.

Painter, draughtsman. Nudes, landscapes.

János Schadl studied in Budapest. He was initially influenced by Expressionism, Cubism and Futurism, then moved towards Naturalism.

Budapest (Magyar Nemzeti Gal.): St Sebastian (1918, Indian ink)

Pécs (Janus Pannonius Mus.): ...

Article

Emily Braun

Italian painter, sculptor, architect, stage designer and illustrator. He was brought up in Rome where his family moved in 1886. In 1902 Sironi enrolled in the Engineering Faculty of the University of Rome, but after a long illness abandoned his studies to devote himself to painting. In ...

Article

Piero Pacini

Italian painter, critic and writer. He spent his early childhood in the Florentine countryside and showed a precocious interest in drawing and literature. At school in Florence he deepened his knowledge of the Classics and also developed an interest in the new French poetry (from Laforgue to Rimbaud). At the Accademia in Florence he met Giovanni Fattori and Telemaco Signorini; in ...

Article

John Milner

Term coined in 1915 by Kazimir Malevich for a new system of art, explained in his booklet Ot kubizma i futurizma k suprematizmu: Novyy zhivopisnyy realizm (‘From Cubism and Futurism to Suprematism: the new realism in painting’). The term itself implied the supremacy of this new art in relation to the past. Malevich saw it as purely aesthetic and concerned only with form, free from any political or social meaning. He stressed the purity of shape, particularly of the square, and he regarded Suprematism as primarily an exploration of visual language comparable to contemporary developments in writing. Suprematist paintings were first displayed at the exhibition ...

Article

Dutch, 20th century, male.

Born 7 March 1900, in Amsterdam; died 1983, in Amsterdam.

Painter, engraver, draughtsman. Figures, scenes with figures, urban landscapes, architectural views.

Constructivism, Futurism, Symbolism, Magic Realism.

Carel Willink studied architecture at the royal institute of engineering in Delft between 1918 and 1920. He then went on to study under Hans Baluschek in Berlin, living there between 1920 and 1923 and mixing with members of ...